Chapter 13

Chapter 13 - Term Definition Moral development changes in...

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Term: Moral development Definition: changes in thoughts, feelings, and behaviors regarding standards of right and wrong Term: Heteronomous morality Definition: the first stage of moral development in piaget's theory, occuring at 4 to 7 years of age. justice and rules are conceived of as unchangeable properties of the world, removed from the control of people Term: autonomous morality Definition: the second stage of moral development in piaget's theory, displayed by children about 10 years of age and older. at this stage, children become aware that rules and laws are created by people and that in judging an action they should consider the actor's intentions as well as consequences Term: immanent justice Definition: belief that if a rule is broken, punishment will be meted out immediately
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Term: preconventional reasoning Definition: the lowest level in Kohlber's theory of moral development. the individual's moral reasoning is controlled primarily by external rewards and punishments Term: mutual interpersonal expectations, relationships, and interpersonal conformity Definition: kohlberg's third stage of moral development. at this stage, individuals value trust, caring, and loyalty to others as a basis of moral judgments Term: social systems morality Definition: the fourth stage in kohlbergs theory of moral development. moral judgements are based on understanding the social order, law justics, and duty Term: postconventional reasoning Definition: the highest level in kohlbergs theory of moral development. at this stage, individuals reason that values, rights, and principles undergird or transcend the law
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Term: universal ethical principles Definition: the sixth and highest stage in kohlberg's theory of moral development. individuals develop a moral standard based on universal human rights Term: justice perspective Definition: A moral perspective that focuses on the rights of the individual; individuals independently make moral decisions Term: care perspective Definition: the moral perspective of carol gilligan; views people in terms of their connectedness with others andemphasizes interpersonal
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