Comp: Asepsis/Wound Care

Comp: Asepsis/Wound Care - Term Definition What is the...

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Term: What is the major mode of transmission of disease-causing organism in health care settings? Definition: Hands of health care workers (caregivers) Term: Healthcare associated infections (HAI) Definition: An infection acquired in a health care setting in a previously uninfected patient (formally known as "nosocomial infections"). Term: Community acquired infections Definition: Patient acquired infections unrelated to healthcare treatment (ex: getting cut by rusty metal, catching flu at school) Term: Pathogen Definition: Microorganism capable of causing a disease Term: Multidrug-resistant organisms (MDRO) Definition: Many developed infections becoming resistant to the antibiotics we use to control them
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Term: Colonization Definition: Proliferation of microorganism on or within body sites without detectable host/immune response, cellular damage, or production of clinical infection; MANY body tissues, surfaces, and wounds can be colonized w/out being infected Term: Asepsis/Aseptic technique Definition: Absence of a disease-causing organism; effort to keep the patient as free from microorganisms as possible Term: Medical asepsis/Surgical asepsis Definition: "clean technique"- includes procedures used to reduce and prevent spread of microorganisms; surgical = "sterile technique" Term: Cleaning Definition: Removal of all foreign material from an object; usually done with water and mechanical scrubbing (possibly using detergent).
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Term: Disinfection Definition: Washing with chemicals (other than soap) known to kill pathogens, such as iodine-based compounds, isopropyl alcohol, or glutaraldehyde. Term: Segregation Definition: Not sharing certain items between patients (bedpans, wash basins, eating utensils) Term: Cohorting Definition: Locating patients with similar diagnoses on the same hospital unit to prevent spread of their infections to those not infected. Term: Hand hygiene Definition: Most basic and important technique in prevent/controlling transmission of infection; **done with alcohol-based waterless cleanser, UNLESS hands visibly soiled- then soap n water used
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Term: Soap/water hand hygiene Definition: Wet hands BEFORE applying soap, use warm water, vigorous rubbing for 10-15 secs (brisk rubbing in hand hygiene is more important aspect of hand washing) Term: When should hands be washed? Definition: 1) when visibly soiled. 2) before/after patient contact. 3) after any contact with possible source of microorganisms (blood, body fluid,mucous membranes). 4) when moving from contaminated to clean site. 5) after significant contact with patient's environment. 6) after eating **7) after removing gloves ALWAYS Term: Describe Clostridium Difficile (C-Diff) Definition: Bacteria causes common, hospital acquired drug-resistant form of infectious diarrhea; killed by alcohol based waterless cleansers, but NOT the spores produced.
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