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Care of Adults II

Care of Adults II - Term Definition Chvostek Sign Sign of...

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Term: Chvostek Sign Definition: Sign of tetany, indicating HYPOCALCEMIA. May also be seen with respiratory alkalosis. -->>>Stimulation of facial nerve by tapping at the angle of the jaw (masseter muscle) resulting in brief contraction of facial muscles on same side Term: Trousseau Sign Definition: Sign of latent tetany, early indication of HYPOCALCEMIA. >>> blood pressure cuff inflated to pressure higher than systolic Bo and left in place for 3 min. Occlusion of brachial artery results in spasm of forearm and hand muscles ( wrist flexion, fingers adduct) Term: S&S of low magnesium Definition: Neuromuscular irritability, mood changes, nausea and vomiting, dysthymias (ie.PVCs or tachyarrythmias) Term: Isotonic IV fluids Definition: Fluid stays in the cells (ie. normal saline, ringers lactate, 5% dextrose in H2O)
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Term: Acidemia Definition: State of the body being acidic (pH less than 7.35) Term: Respiratory acidosis Definition: Increase in pCO2 Term: Respiratory alkalosis Definition: Decrease in pCO2 Term: Metabolic acidosis Definition: Decrease in bicarbonate (HCO3) Term: Metabolic alkalosis Definition: Increase in HCO3 (bicarbonate)
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