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Module 3

Module 3 - Term Definition Organic molecules contain Carbon...

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Term: Organic molecules contain Definition: Carbon Term: Same formula, different structure Definition: Isomer Term: R---O---H functional group Definition: Hydroxyl Term: R---S---H functional group Definition: Sulfhydryl Term: Carbonyl functional group Definition: R-C-R with O on top of C or R-C-H
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Term: Ester Definition: Formed from reaction of acid and alcohol found in fats, oils, and acetylcholine Term: Hydroxyl Definition: Found in alcohols and sugars Term: Carboxyl Definition: Organic acid Term: Amino functional group Definition: Acts as a base. Term: Phosphate functional group Definition: Found in energy storing molecules and in nucleic acids.
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Term: Amino+Carboxyl Definition: Amino Acid Term: Carbonyl functional group Definition: C and O in a double covalent bond. Found in ketones Term: Four classes of organic molecules Definition: Carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, nucleic acids Term: Carbohydrates Definition: Sugars, "watered carbon", always one carbon plus one H2O.
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