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HA Module 5: Respiratory System - Chest and Lungs

HA Module 5: Respiratory System - Chest and Lungs - Term...

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Term: Apnea Definition: Absence of respirations for a period of time. Term: Barrel Chest Definition: Condition in which horizontal ribs and costal angle >90 degrees; equal AP to transverse diameter; Associated with norm aging, also with chronic emphysema and asthma as result of hyperinflation of lungs **usually results from COPD Term: Bradypnea Definition: Abnormally slow rate of breathing; <10 per minute; often pertained to narcotic use and increased intracranial pressure Term: Bronchophony Definition: Increase in intensity and clarity of the vocal resonance that may result from an increase in the lung tissue density, such as in the consolidation of pneumonia. Ex.) "99"; NORMAL: voice transmission is soft, muffled and indistinct, can hear sound through stethoscope but can't distinguish exactly what's being said
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Term: Bronchovesicular Breath Sounds Definition: Moderate pitched sounds w/ equal inspiratory and expiratory phase; mixed quality; over major bronchi where fewer alveoli are located- posterior, btw scapulae esp on right: anterior around upper sternum in 1st and 2nd intercostal spaces (ICS) Term: Crackles (coarse rales) Definition: Low pitched crackles. Discontinuous; bubbling and gurgling sounds that start in early inspiration (pulmonary edema, pneumonia, pulmonary fibrosis, and terminally ill who have depressed cough reflex). Term: Crackles (Fine) Definition: High pitched. Nonmusical. Brief. Late inspiratory crackles: occur with restrictive disease (pneumonia, heart failure, interstitial fibrosis). Early inspiratory crackles: occur with obstructive disease (chronic bronchitis, asthma, and emphysema). Posturally induced crackles: fine crackles that appear with change from sitting to supine position or with change from supine to supine with legs elevated
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Term: Crepitus Definition: Crackling sound produced when ends of bone rub against each other or against roughened cartilage. Term: Cyanosis Definition: Bluish color of the skin, nail beds, and/or lips due to an insufficient amount of oxygen in the blood. Term: Diaphragmatic Dullness Definition: Soft, muffled thud; signals abnormal density in the lungs, as with pneumonia, pleural effusion, atelectasis or tumor. Term: Dyspnea Definition: Difficult or labored breathing.
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Term: Egophony Definition: Condition in which the sound "ee" spoken by the patient is heard as "ay" through a stethoscope placed over the lungs, possibly indicating consolidation. In a normal test, a muffled "ee" sound would be heard. Term: Friction Rub Definition: Coarse, grating, adventitious lung sound heard when pleurae are inflamed. Term: Hemoptysis Definition: Coughing up blood. Term: Hyperpnea Definition: Excessive or rapid breathing.
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Term: Hyperresonance Definition: Boom-like; A lower-pitched, booming sound found when too much air is present, as in emphysema or pneumothorax.
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