Sociology- Unit 1 Test

Sociology- Unit 1 Test - Term Definition Achieved Status...

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Term: Achieved Status Definition: status acquired by an individual on the basis of some special skill, knowledge, or ability Term: Ascribed Status Definition: Status assigned according to standards that are beyond a persons control. (age, sex, family heritage,and race) Term: Cultural Relativism Definition: belief that cultures should be judged by their own standards Term: Culture Definition: shared products of human groups, these products include both physical objects and the beliefs, values and behaviors shared by group Term: Ethnocentrism Definition: tendency to view one's own culture and group as superior to all other cultures and groups
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Term: Folkways Definition: norms that do not have great moral significant attached to them Term: Laws Definition: written rules of conduct that are enacted and enforced by the government. Term: Macro- Level Theories Definition: Functionalist Perspective - each part of society must function to run smoothly - survival of the fittest - dysfunction threatens stability -Manifest functions=apparent/ Latent=unconscious Term: Material Cultue Definition: Physical objects created by human groups. " artifacts"
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Term: Micro Level Theories Definition: Interactionist Perspective - studies how people respond to each other, emphasize role of symbols Enthnomethology- studies process by
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