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Biomolecules: The molecules of life

Biomolecules: The molecules of life - Term Definition Types...

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Term: Types of Large Biological Molecules Definition: 1. Carbohydrates 2. Nucleic Acids 3. Proteins 4. Lipids Term: Which are Hydrophobic/philic Definition: 1. Carbohydrates - philic 2. Nucleic Acids - philic 3. Proteins - philic 4. Lipids - phobic Term: Macromolecule Definition: Very large polymer chain Term: Polymer Definition: A chain of many similar or identical building blocks that are linked by covalent bonds. Term: Monomer Definition: The building block of the polymer, a chain of one.
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Term: Covalent Bonds Definition: The type of bond holding polymers together Term: Dehydration Reaction Definition: Two monomers are covalently bonded to each other through the loss of a water molecule creating a polymer. Term: Hydrolysis Definition: Water is added, by which the bond between to monomers in a polymer are broken. Term: Polymer Synthesis Definition: Remove Water. Add a Bond Term: Breaking down a polymer Definition: Add Water. Remove a bond
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Term: hydro - lysis Definition: "water" - "break" Term: A molecule with ---C=O and ---OH is? Definition: Carbohydrate. Made up of carbon and water, (or a carbonyl group with multiple hydroxyl groups.) Term: Six carbon sugars Definition: Hexose. Ie glucose Term: Monosaccharide molecular formula Definition: n(CH2O); where n is determined by the name Term: MF for hexose? Definition: n=6; C6H12O6
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Term: MF pentose? Definition: n=5; C5H10O5 Term: Aldoses Definition: Aldehyde. due to H-C=O the Carbonyl group must be at the end. Term: How do sugars vary?
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