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Ch5 Keyterms

Ch5 Keyterms - Term Definition objective data Signs and...

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Term: objective data Definition: Signs and what you see, hear, measure, or feel. Term: Drainage Definition: refers to the passive or active removal of fluids from a body cavity, wound, or other source of discharge by one or more methods. Term: Exudate Definition: refers to fluid, cells, or other substances that are slowly exuded, or discharged, from cells or blood vessels through small pores or breaks in the cell membrane, usually as a result of inflammation or injury. Term: subjective data Definition: Symptoms are subjective indications of illness that the patient perceives
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Term: pruritus Definition: Itching Term: Disease Definition: a pathologic condition of the body, is any disturbance of a structure or function of the body Term: etiology Definition: Or cause Term: Hereditary Definition: diseases are transmitted genetically from parents to children. Some examples are cystic fibrosis, sickle cell anemia, color blindness, and hemophilia. Term: Congenital Definition: diseases appear at birth or shortly thereafter but are not caused by genetic abnormalities
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Term: Inflammatory Definition: diseases are those in which the body reacts with an inflammatory response to some causative agent. Term: Degenerative Definition: disease implies degeneration, often progressive, of some part of the body Term: Infectious Definition: diseases result from the invasion of micro-organisms into the body. Term: Deficiency Definition: diseases result from the lack of a specific nutrient. Nutrients are minerals, vitamins, proteins, fats, and carbohydrates. Term: Metabolic Definition: disease is caused by a dysfunction that results in a loss of metabolic control of homeostasis in the body
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Term: Neoplastic Definition: Neoplastic disease is described as an abnormal growth of new tissues Term: Traumatic Definition: conditions result from both physical and emotional trauma. Physical trauma, such as a motor vehicle accident, has the potential to result in traumatic brain injury (TBI). Term: Enviromental Definition: diseases are a group of conditions that develop from exposure to a harmful substance in the environment Term: Autoimmune responses Definition: the body develops immunoglobulins (antibodies) against its own tissues or body substances.
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Term: Risk factor Definition: is any situation, habit, environmental condition, genetic predisposition, physiologic condition, or other variable that increases the vulnerability of an individual or group to illness or accident Term: Four major categories of risk factors Definition: genetic and physiologic, age, environment, and lifestyle Term: Chronic disease Definition: develops slowly and persists over a long period, often for a person's lifetime. Term: Remission Definition: means there has been a partial or complete disappearance of clinical and subjective characteristics of the disease
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Term: Acute Definition: begins abruptly with marked intensity of severe signs and symptoms and then often subsides after a period of treatment.
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