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Music Therapy - Brain Functions & Music

Music Therapy - Brain Functions & Music - Term...

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Term: Right Hemisphere Dominance Definition: Recognition of pitch & Timbre; representation of melodies (error detection); music performance; emotional response to music; music memory Term: Left Hemisphere Dominance Definition: Rhythmic skills; sight-reading; naming notes, intervals & chords; lyric memorization; learning music Term: Listening to rhythms is processed where? Definition: Auditory regions (planum temporale); midline SMA; bilateral mid-PMC; bilateral cerebellar lobule VI Term: Perception of Rhythms is processed where? Definition: Basal ganglia (interval generation of beat); premotor cortex; supplementary motor area; cerebellum
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Term: Perception of accented beats is processed where? Definition: Basal ganglia; pre-supplementary motor area & SMA; anterior superior temporal gyrus (simple); bilateral (motor cortex, superior temporal gyrus, insula, putamen, cerebellum); right middle frontal gyrus; supramarginal gyrus; inferior frontal gyrus Term: Tone relations is processed where? Definition: Right temporal regions; left dorsolateral prefrontal cortex; right inferior frontal cortex; right heschl's gyrus Term: Fixed pitch is processed where? Definition: Heschl's gyrus (bilateral) Term: Pitch discrimination is processed where? Definition: Right temporal area
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Term: Contour (pitch direction) is processed where? Definition: Right superior temporal gyrus Term: Intervals, contour & melody are processed where? Definition: Superior temporal gyrus & planu polare Term: Both hemispheres are used for... Definition: integrating contour & interval information Term: Processing Harmony - consonance is processed where? Definition: Brainstem activations Term: Deviations from harmonic expectancies is processed where? Definition: Right and left frontal operculum (part of broca's area)
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Term: Interval (melody) processing happens where? Definition: Right and left superior temporal gyrus. Well known melodies have less activation of right temporal structure. Term: Tonality is processed where? Definition: Bilateral inferior frontal gyri; medial thalamus; dorsal cingulate cortex Term: Minor music is processed where?
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