Abnormal Psychology

Abnormal Psychology - Term Definition What is the...

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Term: What is the difference between Anxiety and an Anxiety Disorder? Definition: This title suggests that Anxiety is dimensional. You can have anxiety without having the disorder. Term: Anxiety Definition: An unpleasant emotion characterized by a general sense of danger, dread, and psychological arousal. Term: Trait Anxiety Definition: An individual's tendency to respond to a variety of situations with more or less anxiety. It is characteristic-- there is a physical reaction to anxiety. Term: State Anxiety Definition: An individual's level of Anxiety at a specific time.
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Term: Generalized Anxiety Disorder Definition: "the common cold of anxiety disorders" - relatively mild form of anxiety - chronic (more than six months) pervasive Difficulty controlling Anxiety It can be so severe its maladaptive-- they stop doing things so they dont have to deal. - AVOIDANCE-- your not dealing with the unpleasant stimuli Term: Symptoms of GAD Definition: you must have 3 of the following - Restlessness - Fatigue - Difficulty Concentrating - Irritability - Muscle tension - Sleep disturbance You may just be having a hard time in life You also have to have difficulty controlling it Term: Drug Treatment/ psychotherapy of GAD Definition: drug treatment and psychotherapy are equally effective in SHORT TERM. (drugs have side effects after long use) Psychotherapy is better int he long run.
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Term: Panic Disorder Definition: occurrence of repeated, unexpected panic attacks - extreme periods of anxiety that make you feel like you have lost control. - fear that something bad is going to happen - It is not tied to a specific situation - it can come from out of nowhere = turns into isolation-- they stay at home a lot because its a safe place Term: Symptoms of Panic Disorder Definition: - pounding heart - rapid respiration - shortness of breath - difficulty breathing - perspiration - weakness and dizziness thoughts of losing control, going crazy, dying because of additional panic attacks reach peak at 10 minutes Onset from 18-40 Term: Drug/psychotherapy for Panic Disorder Definition: equally effective in short term. Psychotherapy is better in long run. Anti depressants are effective with panic disorder. EXPOSURE THERAPIES are the most effective psychotherapies.
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Term: Social and Health Consequences of Panic Disorders. Definition: think of disorders beyond specific symptoms 14x more likely to go to the hospital 16x more likely to have marital problems more likely to have substance dependencies more likely to have overall bad health Term: Phobic Disorders Definition: Persistant irrational fear of a specific object or situation -- they HAVE to be irrational Exposure to feared object or situation usually provokes an intense anxiety reaction The fear is excessive and unreasonable The phobic object or situation is avoided, or endured with intense anxiety or distress Term: Social Phobia Definition: related to social situations ie. social speaking, dates, exams excessive fear of engaging in behaviors that involve public scrutiny or social situations 13.3% lifetime prevalence rate
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Term: Agoraphobia
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