Ch 2: Critical issues in police civil liability

Ch 2: Critical issues in police civil liability - Term...

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Term: What are the two general ways for litigating municipal police misconduct? Definition: 1)Plaintiffs may file lawsuits in state court claiming police negligently failed to perform duties in violation of state tort laws. 2) can bring civil suit to federal court claiming police violated a constituent ally or federally protected statutory right. Term: What is the difference between a tort and a crime? Definition: A tort is a wrongdoing between private parties except written contracts, and only requires a preponderance of the evidence. A crime is an offense against the state and requires proof beyond a reasonable doubt. Term: What are the sanctions of a crime? Definition: Community service, fines, probation, incarceration, or death Term: What are the sanctions of a tort? Definition: Monatary award
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Term: Name the 3 types of torts? Definition: 1) Strict Liability 2) intentional, 3) negligence Term: What are the behaviors and elements of strict liability? Definition: Behavior: extremely dangerous.
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