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Phil ch1

Phil ch1 - Term Definition Logic the study of how well the...

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Term: Logic Definition: the study of how well the premises of arguments support their conclusions Term: Argument Definition: A set of statements in which some of those statements, the premises, are offered in support of one of those statements, the conclusion Term: Statement Definition: a sentence that can be true or false Term: Deductive Argument Definition: an argument in which the premises are intended to guarantee the conclusion Term: Inductive Argument Definition: an argument in which the premises are intended to make the conclusion probable, without guaranteeing it
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Term: Validity Definition: Assuming that every premise is true, the conclusion must also be true Term: Invalidity Definition: not valid Term: Soundness Definition: 1)The argument is valid 2)Every premise is true Term: Unsound Argument Definition: an argument that is invalid or has at least one false premise Term: Argument Form Definition: Premise 1 Premise 2 = Conclusion
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Term: Modus Ponens Definition: If A, then B A = B Term: Modus Tollens
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