HDFS 3350 Test 1

HDFS 3350 Test 1 - Term Definition Race categorization with...

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Term: Race Definition: categorization with large number of people based on biological characteristics; typically viewed as a social group, but not accurate Term: Racism Definition: linking biological conditions of a human with alleged sociocultural capabilities and behavior in order to assert superiority of one race Term: Ethnocentrism Definition: a view of things that one's group is the center of everything and all others are scaled with reference to it Term: Cultural relativism Definition: beliefs and behavior are evaluated in the context of the culture Term: When was the first big influx of immigrants to the Us? Definition: After WWII with an influx of war refugees and people scrambled in Europe
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Term: What are the two main factors for discrimination? Definition: How long the group has been there and how similar they are to the majority Term: From what countries were most of the immigrants between the colonial period and 1860? Definition: Germany and Ireland Term: How were immgrants between 1860 and 1920 different than the previous immigrants? Definition: They had darker skins and different religions Term: What were some of the common arguments for prejudice against immigrants? Definition: Dirty, poor, predisposed to crime, Uncultured Term: What is an ethnic group? Definition: People who share a feeling of "peoplehood" merged with ancestral heritage
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Term: What's assimilation? Definition: Becoming more like the larger group Term: What is acculturation? Definition: Process of balancing multiple culture and group identities Term: What is Intersectionality? Definition: Being a part of many different groups Term: At what level is the conservation of culture done? Definition: At the family level Term: What are push factors in immigration? Definition: Limited geographical context, limited resources, persecution
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Term: What are pull factors in immigration? Definition: Streets paved with gold, purpose in communication Term: Where did immigrants mainly come from in the old immigration period? Definition: Western European countries: Germany, Ireland, Scotland, England, Scandinavian countries Term: Where did immigrants come from in the new immigration period? Definition: Many from eastern Europe Term: What are Sojourners? Definition: Immigrants that planned on making money and returning home Term: What was the role of family in immigrant families? Definition: It served as a buffer, filter, and sorting mechanism for culture
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Term: What is generational friction? Definition: Tension caused by younger generations becoming more assimilated into the new culture than their family's culture Term: In western European immigrant families, at what age were children considered adults? Definition: 14 Term: What was the time period of the great lull? Definition: 1925-1965 Term: What factors contributed to the Great Lull?
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