Negligence - Term Definition What formulation of negligence...

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Term:What formulation of negligence doesLouisiana use?Definition:Louisiana uses the Duty/Riskformulation of negligence.Term:Step 1: Identifying the Negligent ActDefinition:Look for the untaken precaution or theprecaution taken poorly; soleexception: Res Ipsa Loquitor wherethe thing speaks for itself.Term:Step 2: Liste the ElementsDefinition:1. Cause in fact2. Duty/Risk3. Breach4. InjuryTerm:Cause in FactDefinition:2 Tests:1. "But For"2. "Substantial Factor"*Evidentiary Standard=MoreProbable than Not that D's negligencecaused P's injury
Term:Multiple CausesDefinition:Can haver more than 1 "but for"causes.Term:Alternate/Sufficient CausesDefinition:If you have multiple causes and youdon't know which one caused the harmbecause they all could have caused it,then the "substantial factor" test helpsto resolve the problem.Term:Defining the DutyDefinition:What is the objective standard of carebased on the reasonable person?Term:Scope of the RiskDefinition:Should this D be responsible to this Pfor this injury?Term:Traditional DutyDefinition:Actor is expected to behave as aREASONABLE, ORDINARY,PRUDENT PERSON UNDER similarcircumstances.
Term:Reasonable Person StandardDefinition:Takes into account Physicaldisabilities, but not mental disabilities.Takes into account a child's age unlessthe child is engaged in an adultactivity.Term:Negligence Per Se StandardDefinition:A non-tort statute, ordinance,regulation, etc. may establish astandard. The statute will be mereevidence; no presumptive effect. Todetermine relevance, ask if the statuteis for this class of person and thisclass of risk.Term:Custom StandardDefinition:Customary behavior may establish astandard. Ex. OSHA safety standards,manuals, rules for professionalconduct, etc. *Almost alwaysexclusively use custom as the standardfor professional negligence.

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