Term:LusitaniaDefinition:British steamship sailing from NY toLiverpool. Many Americanintellectuals were on the ship. AGerman U-boat fired a torpedo at firstsight. Sank in 18 minutes. 1200 peopledied, including 128 Americans. Term:Arabic PledgeDefinition:Promised U-boats would stop ad warnliners, unless they tried to resist orescape. U-boats only hunted freightersfor the rest of 1915. Term:Panama CanalDefinition:Isthmus Canal Commissionestablished by Roosevelt investigatedsites and recommended Panama.Thomas Herran, colombia's charged'affaires gave US 99-year loan to payColombia onetime fee of $10 mil andShyam fee of $250,000. Colombiarefused treaty and Roosevelt incitedPanama to uprise for itsindependence, completely backing andsupporting them. Term:Hay-Bunau-Varilla TreatyDefinition:Granted US control of 10 mile CanalZone across isthmus. US guaranteedindependence and agreed to pay samefees offered to Colombia. Finished in1914, canal cost $374 mil.
Term:Roosevelt CorollaryDefinition:Warned Latin America nations to keeptheir affairs in order or face AmericanIntervention. Established protectoratein Cuba and panama. Term:Moral DiplomacyDefinition:Designed to bring rights to the world,preserve peace, and extend to otherPeople's the blessings of democracy.Used by Woodrow Wilson. Term:William Jennings BryanDefinition:Wilson's Secretary of State. Armaturein foreign relations. Appointeddeserving democrats to key posts,believing they could do job as well ascareer politicians. Pacifist. Believed inAmerican duty to help less favorednations. Embarked on campaign tonegotiate treaties of arbitrationthroughout the world. Cooling-offtreaties, they provided for submittingall international disputes to permanentcommissions of investigations.Concerned with human rights andnational integrity in Latin America. Term:John J PershingDefinition:Ordered by Wilson to seize Villa.Later headed the AmericanExpeditionary Force.
Term:Pancho VillaDefinition:One of Carranza's generals whorevolted against him. Raided bordertowns and murdered 17 Americans inMexican trains. Invaded Columbus,New Mexico killing 16 Americans andburning town. Term:German U-BoatsDefinition:Submarines. Ignored international lawwhich required subs to surface, warntarget to stop, then allow time for thepassengers and crew to boardlifeboats before sinking vessel.