APUSH Ch 24 - Term Definition Lusitania British steamship...

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Term: Lusitania Definition: British steamship sailing from NY to Liverpool. Many American intellectuals were on the ship. A German U-boat fired a torpedo at first sight. Sank in 18 minutes. 1200 people died, including 128 Americans. Term: Arabic Pledge Definition: Promised U-boats would stop ad warn liners, unless they tried to resist or escape. U-boats only hunted freighters for the rest of 1915. Term: Panama Canal Definition: Isthmus Canal Commission established by Roosevelt investigated sites and recommended Panama. Thomas Herran, colombia's charge d'affaires gave US 99-year loan to pay Colombia onetime fee of $10 mil and Shyam fee of $250,000. Colombia refused treaty and Roosevelt incited Panama to uprise for its independence, completely backing and supporting them. Term: Hay-Bunau-Varilla Treaty Definition: Granted US control of 10 mile Canal Zone across isthmus. US guaranteed independence and agreed to pay same fees offered to Colombia. Finished in 1914, canal cost $374 mil.
Term: Roosevelt Corollary Definition: Warned Latin America nations to keep their affairs in order or face American Intervention. Established protectorate in Cuba and panama. Term: Moral Diplomacy Definition: Designed to bring rights to the world, preserve peace, and extend to other People's the blessings of democracy. Used by Woodrow Wilson. Term: William Jennings Bryan Definition: Wilson's Secretary of State. Armature in foreign relations. Appointed deserving democrats to key posts, believing they could do job as well as career politicians. Pacifist. Believed in American duty to help less favored nations. Embarked on campaign to negotiate treaties of arbitration throughout the world. Cooling-off treaties, they provided for submitting all international disputes to permanent commissions of investigations. Concerned with human rights and national integrity in Latin America. Term: John J Pershing Definition: Ordered by Wilson to seize Villa. Later headed the American Expeditionary Force.
Term: Pancho Villa Definition: One of Carranza's generals who revolted against him. Raided border towns and murdered 17 Americans in Mexican trains. Invaded Columbus, New Mexico killing 16 Americans and burning town. Term: German U-Boats Definition: Submarines. Ignored international law which required subs to surface, warn target to stop, then allow time for the passengers and crew to board lifeboats before sinking vessel.

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