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Unformatted text preview: ICHICAN Vol. X X V I , No. 5 ^\K.M1 S A T U R D A Y , MAY 1, 1948 NEWS 26th Year Published Monthly ED ITORIAL Farmers Should Own Crude Oil The committees on small business of the United States Senate has been advised that major oil companies now own or control 82 per cent of all the proved oil resources discovered so far in this country. That explains the necessity and the determination of farmers co-operatives to acquire crude oil production and possibly their own refineries. A number of farm co-operatives now produce and refine a major portion of their gasoline, fuel oils and motor oils. Farm Bureau Services, Inc., of Michigan is working on the problem. Many of us will remember that some years ago major oil companies and independents were engaged in a wild scramble for distribution facilities. That was the era in which filling stations were built by the thousands. Gasoline was plentiful and cheap. Now it's different. Gasoline is in short supply and high priced in face of the great demand. Major companies can sell so much themselves that they have reduced or cancelled contract after contract with independent refiners. It appears that one way to remain in the gasoline and oil business is to have your own crude oil production. 4 COUNTIES PASS MEMBERSHIP GOAL DURING APRIL Four more County ^ a r m Bureau organizations have gone over t h e i r goal d u r i n g April in their membership roll call campaign to m a k e a total of 32,527 members in t h e state. The counties a r e : Monroe. Allegan, Jackson, and Osceola. Monroe County not only succeeded in making, its 1948 goal, but went on to get more members t h a n they had last year. It is t h e first of the southern counties to exceed the 1947 membership. Jackson County exceeded its goal of 562 members, and Osceola acquired 276 members to top their required membership. Allegan County attained its 1948 goal with a membership of 1,399. Bay, Mecosta, Isabella and Midland a r e very close to reaching their 1948 quotas. Alpena. Cheboygan. Emmet, Oesego, and Presque Isle, all in District 10. passed their m e m b e r s h i p goals d u r i n g March. It is anticipated that the s t a t e quota of 36.000 members will be met this coming month. ASK TEACHERS FOR CASH TO MODIFY 15 MILLS Teachers in Clinton county who a r e members of the Michigan Education Ass'n have had a letter from their county president asking t h e m to contribute money to t h e MEA campaign fifrid to p r e v e n t repeal of the sales tax diversion a m e n d m e n t , and to seek modifications of the 15 mill tax limitation amendment. " I n order for ( the state MEA to promote the campaign to prevent repeal of the sales tax a m e n d m e n t and to pass t h e a m e n d m e n t seeking modification of the 15-mill limitation, it is necessary t h a t they h a v e money to carry on the work. Our quota is $648.00. Your raises t h i s year and next year came as a .result of t h e passage of the sales tax amendment. At the last meeting of our county MEA, our district passed a motion by u n a n i m o u s vote to pay into t h e MEA campaign fund according to our salaries. The scale adopted is as follows: Salary below $1800 $2.00 $1800 to $2000 2.25 $2000 to $2400 3.00 $2400 to 2800 3.50 $2800 to $3200 4.50 $3200 and up 5.00 T h e Michigan Education Ass'n is asking teachers to circulate petitions to place on the November 1948 ballot a proposal which would m a k e these changes in t h e 15 mill tax limitation: 1. To p e r m i t increases in millage allocations by a majority vote r a t h e r t h a n t h e present requirem e n t for a two-thirds vote. 2. To provide for increasing millages. especially for school bonding purposes, for a m a x i m u m of 20 years instead of the present 5 year m a x i m u m . T h e F a r m Bureau has worked for adequate s t a t e aid for schools a n d for a formula of distribution which would m a k e possible a genuine equality of educational opport u n i t y w i t h o u t confiscatory local tax burdens. Resolutions adopted a t t h e last t h r e e annual meetings of trie Michigan F a r m B u r e a u have recommended extending t h e - p e r i o d for which the millage could be raised above 15 for building a n d capital improvement purposes. However, the F a r m Bureau has held t h a t this should be permitted only by a majority vote of the tax paying elect o r s in the district, or by a twot h i r d s vote of all electors. Governor May Call Legislature Again Session Fails to Reach Agreement on State Building Program, Highway Finances, and Most of Governor's Proposals By Stanley M. Powell Just as dawn was breaking April 29, Michigan's lawmakers called it a bad job and recessed until May 20. It had been expected that this recess would conclude the work of the current special session. Normally the meeting on May 20 would be only a routine proceeding attended by a very few senators and representatives. However, considerable important business was left unfinished and it is possible that most of the members will come back at that time in an attempt to reach agreement on these matters. I have watched a good many regular and special sessions conclude their labors but have never seen anything that could compare for unusual and bewildering developments with those which occurred during the final day of this recent special session. The final evening session which began at 7:30 p. m. and lasted until 5:00 a. m. was packed with drama and unprecedented developments. |A minor bill introduced that evening cleared through both houses in record time and was sent on its way to the Governor. It was passed by the senate on third reading within a few minutes after it had been introduced without going through the usual formality of consideration by a committee or on general orders. Late in the evening Governor Sigler appeared before a joint convention of the senators and representatives and expressed in very plain language his disappointment as to the failure of the legislators to carry out the program which he had submitted to them in some nine separate messages during the seven weeks of the special session. The Governor climaxed his ra- j m a k i n g a n v ^nts for neW conther critical address by s t a t i n g struction at any of Michigan s mstututions, including Michigan t h a t he h a d decided to sponsor a constitutional a m e n d m e n t provid State College, all the other h i g h e r pritag for grouping all the state's educational i n s t i t u t i o n s , t h e ,,. * i n n,,mTM !>*,, .not |J ,, ( sons, mental hospitals, state ,, ,s.a n a governmental activities into ^ . ^ M|lQWQ.t io= t<M;ium ' - Public health laboratories, to exceed 18 divisions exclusive of ' state park facilities, etc. his office and that of the auditor As originally introduced, this general. T h i s was the first mention that he had made of such a bill has totaled about $21,O09,0OC plan to the legislature. Shortly af- l l>ut had been cut severely by the tor the Governor had delivered this Senate. Many of these r e d u c t i o n s message. Representative H a r r y J. " a d been restored in whole or in Phillips of P o r t H u r o n introduced Part by t h e House, which gave rise a proposed constitutional amend- to t h e controversy. The p o i n t of ment embodying the Governor's re- ' greatest contention seemed t o be c o m m e n d a t i o n s and the representa- j t h e proposed g r a n t for providing a tives. w i t h o u t having a chance to ' s t a r t on a building program for a read or study t h e proposal, approv- new mental hospital a t Northville. ed it by a vote of 70 to 10. When it j This institution has been vigorously was received in the Senate, it was \ opposed by Lieutf n a n t Governor referred to a committee whose : Eugene C. Keyes. A p p a r e n t l y he c h a i r m a n stated t h a t t h i s w a s far ! has converted m a n y of the s e n a t o r s too i m p o r t a n t a m a t t e r to a t t e m p t to h i s point of view, to settle in t h e closing hours of t h e Obviously, t h e state cannot dissession. Later m a n y of the repre- j continue all of its institutional sentatives rep'ented of their hasty building a t the end of the c u r r e n t action and tried to recall t h e reso- ! fiscal year. T h e l a w m a k e r s will ration from t h e senate but couldn't' have to do s o m e t h i n g about this muster quite enough votes. m a t t e r when tiiey r e t u r n t o Lan- Expect to Succeed The world is made up of two kinds of people-- negative thinkers and positive thinkers. Those who think failure and those who think success. Negative thinkers are afraid to venture anything for fear that something might happen. The stay-athomes, the do-nothings, the crabs, the nervous wrecks, the failures--these are the negative thinkers. Think it over. A m o n g your own business associates, your friends--even in your own family--it's the positive thinkers you enjoy being with. The negative thinkers bore you. The positive thinkers are happier, more alive, more active, more adventuresome. They get things done. No matter what you are trying to do, expect to succeed at it. And don't be afraid of making mistakes. ,--For the fellow who sits back and does nothing makes the greatest mistake of all.--William S. Reilly. CONTINUE STUDY OF FARM BUREAU INSURANCE CO. The committee of the Michigan F a r m B u r e a u board of directors and County F a r m Bureau representatives charged with investigating a F a r m Bureau insurance -service limited to members continued its explorations in April. T h i r t y representatives from 20 County F a r m Bureaus were in Illinois April 12-13-14 at the invitation of t h e committee to s t u d y the i n s u r a n c e service of the Illinois A g r i c u l t u r a l Association t o members. They visited seven County F a r m Bureaus and the state offices at Chicago. Early in t h e year a delegation trom 20 southern Michigan County F a r m B u r e a u s visited Illinois. At the March 2 meeting of the Michigan F a r m Bureau board o directors, the group asked the board to consider an insurance service limited to F a r m Bureau m e m b e r s only, and for the purpose of memoership building. The board appointed a committee of directors and two County Farm Bureau leaders to m a k e a study. T h e April 12-14 t r i p to Illinois was planned for County F a r m Bureaus not represented on the first t r i p . The April delegation gathered at Dansville, in central Illinois for an evening conference with representatives of t h e Illinois Agr'l Ass'n. The next day t h e delegation divided into three groups. Each, in charge of an IAA representative, visited two County F a r m Bureaus d u r i n g the day. T h e three groups drove into C h a m p a i g n in late afternoon to visit the Champaign County Farm Bureau enterprises and for an evening meeting. April 14 t h e delegation drove to Chicago for a tour of t h e Illinois Agr'l Ass'n offices and a meeting with officers and staff on the IAA for information and discussion. County F a r m Bureaus visited in Illinois included Clark at Martinsville, E d g a r at P a r i s , Coles at Charleston. Douglas at Tuscola. DeWitt at Clinton, and Piatt at Monticello. In the m e a n t i m e , the committee has gathered policies and rates of Farm B u r e a u insurance companies in other states and is c o m p a r i n g them with other insurance offered in those s t a t e s . The committee expects to m a k e a progress report to the Michigan Farm Bureau board of directors a t its meeting a t Saginaw May 11. Members 6f the committee a r e : Blaque Knirk, president of B r a n c h County F a r m Bureau, c h a i r m a n ; John M. Converse, president of Calhoun County F a r m Bureau, coc h a i r m a n ; Michigan F a r m B u r e a u directors: Marten Gain of E a t o n county; Clyde Breining of Washtenaw county, H a r r y Norris of Muskegon county, and J. B u r t o n Richards of Berrien county. ALFALFA AND RED CLOVER UP FRONT AGAIN SAGINAW BRANCH FORMS WORKEREMPLOYER GROUP Are Farmers So Well Off? Are farmers so well off as much of the press, radio and public opinion would have us believe? John W. Sims, general manager of the Ohio Farm Bureau Co-operative Ass'n, tells us that the six million American farmers who operate our food production factories have 81 billion dollars invested in those farm factories. On that investment they are receiving today approximately I 7 billions of dollars, or about 20 per cent as income. However, Mr. Sims says that this is not net income. First farmers have to pay mortgage interest, and wages to hired help, and other expenses. What is left they have to pay to themselves for their own and their families' labor, and as interest on their investment. Mr. Sims says that when the above expenses are deducted from farm income, the net shrinks to 8 to 10 per cent on the investment. Other industries have a net income, after deducting salaries and other expenses, ranging from 15 to 25 per cent on the investment. Sod-iorming legumes, such as Improved worker-employer relaalfalfa and red clover, m a k e up I tions is - the aim of the new organithe "core" of good crop manage- zation formed by w'orkers and sument systems in Michigan, accord- j pervisors of t h e F a r m Bureau Sering to R i c h a r d Bell, farm crops l vices' b r a n c h store and w a r e h o u s e extension spet at Michigan ] at Saginaw. State college. The group held its organization When used alone, or in combina- ! meeting recently, and Alvin Johntion with such desirable grasses : son. warehouse foreman, w a s electas bromegrass and timothy, these ! ed president of t h e group. Lawlegumes can be made to furnish ; rence Stewart, manager of F a r m large quantities of livestock feed. Bureau Services, Saginaw Branch, Mrs. Three tons of alfalfa hay, a satis- : was elected vice-president. factory acre yield, will give as Mildred Barko was named secretarymuch digestible n u t r i e n t s as 65 treasurer. Clarence Sawatzski and Carl Seegbushels of shelled corn. This s u m m e r , Michigan f a r m e r s ] miller w a s t h e organization chairwill have an opportunity to see men, and Harold Reimer was t h e demonstrations of grassland farm- ! discussion leader. Mr. S t e w a r t announced t h a t J o h n ing and how much it can aid the i B r a n s would head the m a c h i n e r y farm program. A series of "Grass I department. Speakers at t h e meetDay" p r o g r a m s scheduled in all j ing included Eugene Brooks, F a r m parts of the s t a t e will present exBureau d i s t r i c t - r e p r e s e n t a t i v e ; Walhibits, d e m o n s t r a t i o n s and talks ter Harger, a s s i s t a n t branch stores' on grass and legume management supervisor: and F r e d Reimer. puhfor hay and pasture.'MSC extension lic relations representative for the spets a r e cooperating with branch stores and management county a g r i c u l t u r a l agents in ar- contracts divisions of F a r m B u r e a u ranging the programs. Services, Inc. Bell points out t h a t high yields The newly organized group will of crops such as alfalfa are depend- meet each m o n t h . ent upon proper cultural and management practices. These methods will be stressed a t the Grass Day programs. L i m i n g to correct soil acidity, liberal use of commercial fertilizer, use of adapted varieties, and shallow seeding a r e listed as essential steps in establishing good stands of alfalfa. .V For p a s t u r e purposes, alfalfa and 150 women attended a rural-ur brome grass r a t e s high. On most ban conference at Goodrich u n d e r Michigan livestock farms this comt h e sponsorship of the Genesee bination can very well constitute County F a r m Bureau women's comthe basis for t h e forage program-- mittee. both hay and pasture. "Your P r o b l e m s and Mine" w a s Many f a r m e r s have discovered t h e subject of a panel discussion that by converting hilly permanent led by Miss E s t h e r Anson, profesbluegrass p a s t u r e s to alfalfa-brome- sor of adult education at Michigan grass, c a r r y i n g capacity is more State College. t h a n doubled, t h e spet reMrs. W a r d P e r r y of Grand Blanc ports. represented fhe Genesee County F a r m Bureau in the discussion of Public s e n t i m e n t is everything. I r u r a l problems. With it nothing can fail; against Mrs. Ralph Williams headed t h e it, nothing can succeed. Whoever ' committee in charge of t h e v e r y molds public sentiment goes deep- : fine co-operative luncheon. er than he who enacts s t a t u t e s or Mrs. F r a n c i s Williams of Grand pronounces judicial decisions. He ! Blanc s a n g a solo accompanied by makes possible t h e enforcement of Mrs. Charles Gregor of Royal Oak. them, else impossible.--Abraham | T h e ' g i r l s ' glee club of Goodrich Lincoln. was also on t h e program. GENESEE WOMEN HOLD RURAL-URBAN FARMERS LIKELY CONFERENCE TO BE OWNERS OF OIL DEPOSITS Series "A" Debentures Still Available Farm Bureau members and other agricultural producers of Michigan, who did not invest in the Farm Bureau Services' Series " A " Debentures which were sold to finance the fertilizer plant at Saginaw, may still do so. We are advised that a few 1947 Scries " A " Debentures are available. Should you wish to purchase any of these securities, you requests must be in on or before May 8. A licensed representative wil call on you immediately upon receipt of your request. The debentures are payable in 10 years, and bear 4'( simple interest. They are issued in amounts of $ 10 and multiples thereof. For practical purposes, the minimum purchase has been set at $50.00. The purchase of debentures is not, nor has ever been a guarantee of a supply of fertilizer on the part of Farm Bureau Services, Inc., to the individual. Allocations have been made to the local cooperative associations, and it has been left up to them as to the distribution of their supply. Rural Zoning and Building Codes Zoning of rural communities, small towns and townships is termed as insurance by Dr. Louis A. Wolfangei, extension spet in land use planning at Michigan State College. Most communities do not concern themselves with what is taking place in the limits until some misuse of land takes place or an offensive industry, business or other activity appears. 1 hen they seek to remedy the condition by zoning or the enactment of a building code or some similar measure. But then it is too late because no such measure can be retroactive. Through its extension and research facilities, Michigan State College has assisted many communities in zoning for use of the land. This service is available upon request. Also available to townships for their protection is a suggested model township building code for one and two family dwellings. This was prepared by the Township Building Code Advisory Committee of the Michigan Planning Commission. The book(Continuiil on page two) Why Coldwater Co-op Has 2 4 4 2 Members Coldwater Co-operative Company, an organization of 2,442 members, is 32 years old. Since 1935 it h a s paid to p a t r o n s patronage dividends amounting to $401,489.51. At t h e annual meeting held in F e b r u a r y , patronage savings of $63,198 w e r e announced for 1947. T w e n t y per cent was paid as cash and interesting bearing certificates of indebtedness were issued for the remainder. T h e 1944 certificates were redeemed for cash in 1947. leaving o u t s t a n d i n g $66,323 for 1945 and 1946. redeemable a t the discretion of the board of directors. In 1947 the Co-op enjoyed the greatest dollar volume of business in its history- M- H. Wallace is m a n a g e r . A modern freight locomotive weighs alHiut 675,00* pounds. Prospects a r e favorable for Michigan farmers and their co-operatives to become owners of crude oil properties to insure at least a portion of their own supply of farm fuels, which have been critically short. T h i s announcement was made by t h e petroleum comConstitutional A m e n d m e n t s . Only ! s i n S o n M a v 2 0 ' o r e l s e t h e G o v e > mittee selected by the board of di- two of t h e constitutional amend- * > r will call a n o t h e r special session, rectors of F a r m Bureau Services. m e n t s which t h e Governor had reHighway Finance. Although it Inc. commended were passed by the leg-1 had been expected t h a t a principal F a r m e r s ' oil companies and oth- islature for submission to Michi- problem to be considered d u r i n g They the recent special session would be er independents are developing their gan voters next November. own sources of crude oil for two would permit the legislature to es- the whole question of h i g h w a y finreasons: (1) the big companies, tablish its own rate of pay. as well ance. Governor Sigler steadfastly having almost a monopoly o n ' c r u d e , as t h a t of the Governor and elected refused to p e r m i t the l a w m a k e r s The Governor's .o consider any increase in t h e gai a r e selling less and less of it to in- s t a t e Officials. dependents: (2) tire present short- plans for lengthening the t e r m of tax rate. A week before final adages due to d e m a n d a r e lively to office of s t a t e and county officials i o u r n m e n t he did send in a messcontinue; therefore, farmers should from 2 to 4 years and for empower- age s u b m i t t i n g t h e issue of a possiing him to appoint the a t t o r n e y gen- ble increase in weight tax r a t e s . A assure themselves a continuous eral and the secretary of s t a t e and bill on t h i s subject was introduced supply of crude oil. to m a k e it easier to call a constitu- prompt}^ and given careful conLast December, F a r m - B u r e a u tional convention were defeated. Services was authorized t o inves- A similar fate befell h i s recommen- sideration by t h e House committigate the possibilities of h a v i n g dation t h a t t h e proposed tax diver- tee on roads and bridges. .Trie committee amended it to impose most its own supply of crude oil. sion repeal and provision for as- of the increases on heavy commerAt that t i m e , more t h a n 150 sembling a constitutional convenrepresentatives of 47 F a r m B u r e a u tion should both be removed from j c l a l vehicles but on the final day Services' dealers and co-operative the November 1948 election ballot of the session the bill w a s sent oil and gasoKne associations met Not only did the legislature fail back to t h e House c o m m i t t e e on with the F a r m Bureau Services' to go along w i t h the Governor re- j taxation for burial. board of directors in L a n s i n g to g a r d i n g his pla&S for constitution County Roads. When it became determine the steps to be taken to al changes, but it did not cooperate | evident t h a t t h e r e was no chance insure an adequate supply of petrowith him in connection with most o1 > ,as!il - ***. t h e r *?* of bil1 leum products. T h e conference deof his legislative .recommendations. to raise additional highway revcided that farmers should gain conState Budget. One of the biggest enue, an a m e n d m e n t was w r i t t e n trol of a source of supply by obtainbill problems u n d e r consideration dur- into the capital expenditure ing l i g h t s to available crude reproviding a g r a n t of $5,000,000 sources in t h e ground, even if it ing the recent special session was from t h e state's general fund to be fiscal meant t h a t t h e f a n n e r s and their t h e budget for the state's ,listl i , m , e d a m o n t h e e o u n t v ' o a d co-operative organizations would year which begins J u l y 1. 148. As ' m a t t e r s stood at the end of the ses- i ''ommissions on a mileage basis. It have to u n d e r w r i t e a million dolsion. general fund appropriation was generally recognized t h a t counlar program to have it. for next y e a r total $241,487,300. ty h i g h w a y s a r e confronted with a Considerable investigation has General fund revenues for next year desperate financial problem. Inbeen made by the committee and a r e estimated at $219,818,070. It adequate revenues plus an extremet h e management of F a r m Bureau is also estimated t h a t at t h e end ly destructive s p r i n g b r e a k u p have Services. Inc. through study t o u r s of the current fiscal'year t h e r e will produced a crisis. Of the Indiana F a u n Bureau Co- be a balance of $26,000,000 in t h j The capital o u t l a j bill w i t h the operative Association, the Ohio state's general fund. T h u s , on t h e I $5,000,000 item for county roads F a r m Bureau Co-ops Association. basis of appropriations already WM approved by the House 90 to 0 Inc.. and t h e Consumers Co-opera- made, t h e s t a t e could end its next but. as related earlier in t h i s artive Association of Kansas. fiscal year with $4,330,770 in its ; tice, died when t h e Senate and House were unable to agree as to Detailed plans a r e being complet- general fund. ed by the management and by the S t a t e Building P r o g r a m . How- the a m o u n t s which should be apcommittee for presentation to the ever. I haven't told t h e whole story, propriated for various purposes. F a r m Bureau Services' board of di- During t h e final all-night session. T h e r e is still a chance t h a t when rectors, May 11 and 12. proposing t h e Senate and House were unable t h i s bill is taken up at a l a t e r date, that a s e p a r a t e corporation lie to reach any agreement as to pro- provision might be made for emerset up with the responsibility for s i o n s of t h e big capital expendi- gency financing of county m a d s , alprocuring, refining and distrihut t u r e appropriation bill, and hence though it is understood t h a t such t h e l a w m a k e r s adjourned w i t h o u t (<\,,,tinue.l M )KlKi. t o u r > u'uiitimuil on pttffe tour) TWO MICHIGAN FARM NEWS SATURDAY, MAY 1, 1CJ48 ..L- FAR~S Jl:8Ulblbh~ Pabllall~ Ir7 IlICb~n publUlatton St., Curlott J.nu.ry 11, au Michigan Farm Bureau OFFICERS Preeldent-..C. E. Buaklrk, P.w P .... VIc:e-Pr . _J. E. Treiber, Unlonvllle Exec. Sec'y __ C. L. BrodY, Lan.los DISTRICT DIRECTORS 1-1. B. Rlchard. Berrten Center 1-L1;:::rd Rue.InL--_Adrt.n. R-I 1-<:17de Brelnlnl __ YpsU.ntl. R-l __ A. BheUenbara-er-L. Ode .... R-l ~lilart.n Garn __ Charlotte, R-li , ~Waril G. Hod __ Snover. R-l 7-Harr:r Norrla Ca.!!novla ~H. E. J'rahm, Frankenmuth, R-l ~H. Lautner _Travarae City, R-J lo-ThOll. A. Colter __ Elmtra, R-l DIRECTORS AT LARGE Carl lI:' Bu.lttrlt __ -P.... Paw, R-I Oeorce Bloelt ._Charlevolx,R-l l Jl1. Trelber __ Unlonv1l1e, R-l .. U R .. 0 S E of FAR II BUREAU The purpo .. of thl. Aaaocla. tlon ahall be the advancement of our membera' Interuta educationally, legialatlvely, and economically. More Bushels of Corn Cheaper. and Faster 5. CLA"" oyer" ll.Ion~{with the 50 pounds of nitrOg~i\: ~he yields ayeraged 94.6 hushels per acre. purdde 'tfl"iversity, Four kernels per hl1l- has ranged from 3 to 15 bushels 1U0r,e pel' acre than the 3 kel'nel ra{e on good soils. Penn. State College. Proressors Seem and Richer showed that almost n9 "increase (only 3 hus,hels Iler acre) from heavy fertilization (600 pounds per aCl"e 10-10-10 plowed unde;') resulted when the stand was too thin, that is, 18 inches spacing in 42 inch rows (7.100 stall,s per acre), hut the increase was 20 bushels when the sllacing was 8.4 Inches (17,700 stalks pel' acre) . They also showed that to increase th~ stand without increasing the fertility .resulted in only a Change from 68 to 77 bushels per acre however, at the higher fertilit; level the yields went from 71 to 97 bushels as the stand was changed from 7.HIO to 17,700 stalks per acre. There'ls cash in this kind of fundamental data for farmers, and every effort. should be made to use these Important facts. Fertilization Shortages. Here is the ruo.' :\lost of you won't he able to purchase the kind nor as much as you watit. The reasons why this situation prevails and 'continues now, three years aftel' the war. are too complex to discuss in this story. However, if it is not made cleal' just what is wanted and what these ma terials wlIl do. no stress on' the problems will exist and no correc. tions wiII result. It is'liine we hegin to 'he realistic in producing food in bigger quantities at lower costs. lIt is more fun to take a risk in the corn' field than on the battlefield and to use nitrogen fixing factories for extra bushels tllan for bomhs. monthl7, n~t Sat,n'Clay, Farm Bureau at Ita ofttee .1 114 B. Lo~ett .. MleblP .. &4tlortal .n4 .... ral oftteee, In Nwtb C!I4aJ' 8t., I.,anel , IllIcb1pn. Paat oute. Box .... Tel,eplao .. , Lall~.. II-m. To Each Her Choice 1 need everyone Of theltl, So don't try to skimp It takes every kind I hln-e To fill out our flower Not one shall he squandered Not one but shall serve By pleaSing us .-:gl1t :n our Or cheering some neigh Take ~nram, ou my seed~ listed garden needs. or wasted; a good end garden bal' or friend. ~ notIoN o. Form 117' .. 4 dell~.c.able ~ relunle4' Jlnder ~ orm 15ft to :allcblp' "pm 'New. Nltor1.i1 aNte., P. O. Boz no, LaDainc, lilc~an. EINA" ~~OD: .11- UNG"&N Editor QtPla l..iJJitteG to J'arm Vol. XXVII .I, Hur:e.u 1, :rear Membel'll No.5 n. Kia. R.pre.antlng WOMEN OF FARM BUREAU U. 8. Newell __ Coldw.ter, R.I Representing JUNIOR FARM BUREAU Ruth Parsou lI'owleiTtue 1!148 EDITORIAL (Continued from page 1.) let is offered without charge by the Michigan Planning Commission at 422 West Michigan Avenue, Lansing IS. Fender Becomes Major Repair Job New body styles are responsible for much of the jump in l'olJision an~ property damage costs. Some years ago a fender. was merely a fender. Now even in the most conservative cars it includes either a headlight or a tail-light and a substantial portion of the car body. The trend seems towan;l including more and more of the car in a single piec~. One ma~ufacturer now constructs body and frame in only two pieces. "Another welds the frame and body together. The result is that some insurance companies are refusi~g to write collision coverage on certain automobile models at current rates. The joining of fenders and bodies in ~ smooth line helps turn a minor side-wipe acciClent in~o' major repair job .. , Fancy grilJ work is fragile, generaJIy unrepairable and surprisingly expensive: Curved windshield and rear-window glass also adds to costs. Replacement of the rea'r-window of one current model is said to Farm Bureau Fertilizer plant. The tl'ip was awanled to the roll call captains whose groups attained the highest percentage of last year's membership by the County Farm Bureau. I Warren.Macomb. In handling the discussion topic fOI' lhe month, this group invited the road commissioner to be their guest speaker. He gave them many intel'esting facts pertinent to their local situation with helpful suggestions 'as to how farmers could help keep roads ill" hettel' condition and stimulate an active discussion on the suh. jeet. Coldwater - Branch. To further supplement their information on the highway situation, the group moved to appoint a committee to find out how much money will come back to the county if higher gas and weight taxes 31'1' levied. A &. B.Macomb. A little different slant was taken on handling the discussion topic of highway finance by this gl'oUI!. The members were divided into two groups for purposes of debate which resulted in a lively and interesting discussion hringing out many factors from both sides of the question. Pansies. 1 have to have pansies For old :\lothel' Wlggin's sake. She loves them as though they were children With faces just smiling awake. Sweet Peas are a must. for their fragrance Out-heralds the Ilrophets of doom. They have what it takes to enliven The air of a hospital room. I think of my Illother's Nasl.urtiums All blooming so bright and so free, And I never could stand it without them; I need the nasturtiums for me. And Marigolds? Look at me, Hiram, You know they're your favorite kind. I guess we've got room for a dozen And nohody else need to mind. :\Iabel just loves Scabiosa, And so do the bum hie bee boys. H is misty and gay and prolific; A flower everyhody enjoys. Turn in there and spade up my flower beds As deep as that shoyel will reach And don't try to skimp me on choices. I"ve got a good reason for each. R. S. Clark, 315 NOI.th Grinnell Street. Jackson, )!ichigan Now Gratiot Coo Ho~ors Volunteer Workers Kent Co. Women Discuss Food and High Prices co-or INSTITUTE TO MASSACHUSETTS be $62. Community Farm Bureau Activities B!! j[1~JC Jlarjl>rie Patti.~on In these summary reports of Community Farm Bureau meetings, the name of the group. and the county are presented in that order. Loeb-Charlevoix. This newly organlzed Community Farm Bureau group held Its first meeting In ~IaTch. It favors !.:.alslng the gasoline tax to finance the hlghwa)'s. Briar HiII.Alpena. This group was especially active on legislative matters In the last meeting. They wrote individual letters to theil' Congressman protesting any tax on CCH>perative patronage I' e fun d s. took a position against unl\'ersal military training. and went on record as favoring the gas tax to improve highways; 42 letters were sent. Benton 1.Cheboygan. The )larch mp-etlng was turned o,'er to the county agr'l agent who spoke on soil conservation and presented an edltCatiolUll film on the same subject. This was followed by much discussion. Each member of tbe group 3.'lked for a hearing at an t>arly date regarding his own farm. . Sranch. Moore. Barry. At th~. ~larch meeting four representatlyes were chosen from the group to parliclpate in a county legislative tOUI' to Lansing to attend a session of the legislature, and meet with legislatol"B Ben'lng this district. Oti6ville-Genesee. Organization of this new community group took place durln~ March with election of offIcers and the naming of commlttee members. Clayton-Genesee. Voted to yhit the fertilizer plant at Saginaw and make a tour of the Farm Bureau offices In Lansing .. The date was llet and preparations were made. Bangor.Van Buren. Each memher wall asked to bring a quart of their variety of oats to the meeting. PlIraons cooperating with this reflUl.'1!t were a!!ked to display their Nmple and give a brief talk on wby they raised this val'lety. l\lJlmlwra who did not bring samples were penalized by giving a stage performance of animal calls heard on tho farm. Unadilla. Livingston. A Farm Hureau Services representath'e ex. plaln ..d the relationship between the Farm nureau and the Farm Bureau Services. A.n educational film on frozen fruit!! and vegetabl~ llnd a comic gay nineties IIkit and cartoon were shown for n('rf'atlon. East Somerset.HllIsdale, Twu Juntor I"arm Bureau members who plU ttelpat~ in the short course on wheels to th~ southeastern part of thf' United States were guest 'Pf'akt'rt1 Ilt th~ meeting of this sro\)p and r;a~e an Interesting sumwary rl'port of their travels. ~"nybrook.Northwe.t Michigan. A <"&fIb.ward was g1Ten this group by lbt' Xorthw.t Michlea. Farm Ilurellu for ureflllDC all other ,rau,. in Nortbwes' Mkblgan in roll call .. orlL. Selma-Wexford. A resolution wa,; dra wn up hy this group protests the sending hy this country of any merchandise to Russia or any communistically controlled country. The resolution was mailell to Senator Vandenherg. Northwest Venice -Shiawassee. Entertained the local chapter of the FFA which put on a demonstration of a sample husiness meeting showing proper pal'limentary, procedures. and followed this with an educational summary of the FFA. Dowagiac-Cass. Dr. S.' L. Loupee. state representative, was guest speaker at the )!al'Ch meeting and discussed "Taxation," He gave the grOU!l many helpful facts as a preliminary to theil' discussion. East Havier-Calhoun. )(et for a coopel'ative supper and saw the movie "America the Beautiful," from the Gnited States Treasury Department. During the husiness session. the memllel's were asked to !)I'ing something to the next -lneeting for a hox to he sent to Finland. River Road-Benzie. During the business session, announcement was made of a county-wide essay contest open in 'Ben7-ie County for all County Faml B.reau ~lembers. 'The topic is "Why I am a Farm Bureau :\Iemller." Meyers Creek-Cheboygan. Plans for a fanners' market were dlscussed. It should he located around Cheho)'gan for the benefit of city people as well as tall'al people in the llistrict. I twas .decided that a collection he taken during the summel' months to jlrovide a fund for huilding the necessary shelters. Kirk's-Livingston. This group was entertained by the Junior Farm Bureau. Slides and moving pictures accompanied hy explanations were g'iven on the short course on wheels to the southcrn part of the United States. After that, the group broke up Into small sections and discussed the prohlem -of how better relatlo'ns could he hac! between the junior and senior groups. Brookside.Newaygo. Two edllcational films on cancer. supplemented by a talk hy a local doctor on the early symptoms of. cancel', made up the major portion of their )larch meeting. A local mailing list }\'as secured to help distribute litel'ature in the coming cancer dl'lye. A memher. of the group was appointed to the county cancer pl'eyention committee in cooperation with the county won~en's commlttee. Benton Center-Berrien, At a special panel discussion on the school system. the problems of present day education were treated In detail. So much Interest was manifested by the group that a sec. ond meeting or this eharactel' is planned for further discussion of the school problem, and to decide on definite action to be taken to Improve conditions. Brant - Saginaw. Announcement was made of a benefit dance being planned. the proceeds to go to the cancer fund. This group also resolved to purchase a record chang1 el' (or entertainment at meetings. Crystal Lake-Oceana. One of the members gave an interesting report of the tour of the Saginaw )lanagers, directors and members of :\Iichigan farm co-operatives are advised that the 20th annual summer !less ion of the American Institute of C()-operatioIi _will lle held at the University of )Iassachusetts at Amherst, August 30 to Septemher 2. About 1200 people from national, regional. state and local farm cooperatives attend the institute. The latest developments in marketing. purchasing. Ilrocessing and other actiyities by farm co.operatives are presented by the people who have attracted notice by their wOl'k. A Farm Bureau and :\lichigan farm co.operatives delegation will be de,'eloped during the summer., Amherst is a Xew England college town of 6.500. locateil 19 miles nortb of Springfield. Mass., 88 miles east of Alhany. N. Y., and 100 miles from Boston. Because of'limited hotel facilities. nearly all at. tending the Institute will he assigned rooms in the college dormitories for men, for women. and fOI' mal'l"ied couples. Accomodations are available for 3,000 people. In an effOl't to create hetter reThe Gratiot County Farm Burlations between the consumer and eau held a party in honor of the the producer, women of the Kent county volunteer roll call and Blue County Farm BIlI'eau and local woCross enrollment workers. April 22. men's organization of the county. at ~Iuscott"s Hall at lthaca. met recently to discuss food and The county's Blue Cross solicitaprices. tion drive was highly succl!ssful The women heard a panel diswith more than 200 additional cussion of the mutual problems, Farm Bureau families enrolled. following a luncheon at the Park The Farm Bureau memhership Congregational Church at Grand enrollment for. Gratiot County to. Rapids. tals 775 members. Lawrence Taylor of the departThe Kansas City Ramblers of ment of adult education, . Michigan lsahella County, a musical and State College, was the moderator. singing group with radio and dance hand experience, 'were the featured entertainment attraction for the evening program. Charles l\lumfonl. county organiJackson county has been assured zation director, was in charge of by its hoard of supervisors of space the party arrangemen.ts. RefreshfOI' the establishment of a soil ments and recreation were furnish. testing lahoratory in the' county ed hy the county organl7-ation. building. Jackson FB Assured Soils Lab Space Has Unique Butter Pac. agIng MachIne k' O Constantine Co-operative Cream. ery has a new quarter-pound wrap., ping machine which takes butter fl'om the churn. It creates and wraps individually quarter pounds. assembles four of them, and places a pound carton arollnd them. Constan tine manufactures more than 10.000 Ibs. of butter daily. r, I I A ,delegation from the Jackson County Farm Bureau appeared before the board, and Leslie Reed, speaking of the group, told of the need of such a service to both city and county residents. The County Farm Bureau will asslime all of the expense of installation of the equipment and any necessal'y remodeling that migh.: have to he done. -----------Plant Farm Bureau Seeds. phosphate, Jltash, lime and minor elements al'e likely deficient, the llulk of these should be applied in frout of the legumes when seeding the grains amI as topdressings on the hay). 1. Experiments 11ave proven that it takes about two pounds of nitronen to make each extra bushel ot :orn. so plow under (preferably In the spring) 60 pounds of nitrogen per acre. This takes about 190 pounds ammonium nitrate ,or 300 pounds Cyanamid or ammonium sulphate or 375 pounds of nitrate of 'soda. (If you know you .have a potash deficiency include 100 pounds of muriate of Ilotash). 2. Apply at planting time the equivalent of 100 pounds per acre of 4-2.1-12. This is largely a starter 10 feed the corn when small and 10 get it out ahead of the weeds. 3. It takes about 3,000 ,stalks (sintle 'ears) to make 30 bushels of I.' 0 I'll , so for a 100 bushel crop you should have a stand of about 1:!,OOOstalks (ears) per acre. 4. If you are one of those who want to try for highel' stakes, extend the allove formula 10 fit your needs. A Simple Planting Rule. The whole story about how thick to plant corn boils down to a simple rule Georgd Enfield of Purdue Univcrsity has recently announced. "When COI'll is drilled in 40 inch rows use this rule: Divide. 1,000 by tlte /I limber of bllshels YOlt thi1lk tlte la/ld is c;apable of prodllci/l{J lie,. You want to know how tliis can acre a/ld. tlle Illlmbe,' YOlt {Jet i.v the be done. eSllecially since the hushi/lcltc.v to space each ker/lel. Thus els most of you are growing cost for 100 bushels the spacing is 10 anywhere froni 75 cents to $2.QO inches and for 150 bushels this each, depending on how big your spacing is 7 inches, etc. yields are. The extra hushels will '\\'hen COI'II is checked 40 by 40 cost you about 40 to 60 cents each.' inches use this rule: Plant 1 k'erllel Your o\\'n college spets ]leI' hill for each 30 bll.vhel.v YOlt han! this sume information fOI' you. thillk the Ialnl i.~ capable of 111'odllC' This is to urge you to use them. iliff. Thus for 90 bushels use 3 kerThis callnot be the whole story nl'ls and for 120 bushels use 4". of how to lHliid the land through If you oYer estimate, the producproper land use. with heayily fel.ti- tive capacity of the soil and plant Iized deep rotted legU~les, and soil too thick the ears w~1I be small. conserving rotations. We must (Ohio State scientists haye shown limit this to, how to get those 30 that the biggest yields were obtainextra llushels per acre f1'om the ed from 8 oz. ears). condition your corn land is in now. V you undel' estimate the proConsider First the Fertility Level. ductive capaCity of \he soli and Suppose )"our land is sucll that you plant too thin your ~yield won't be are expecting to make about 70 as big as YOUI' goal, because there hushels pel' acre this year. To do won't be enough stalks and ears this you expect to aPllly in the t.ow to make a bigger yield. However. ahont 200 pounds Ilel' acre of 2-12-6 .. the ears will be big. , (Unhappily, most of you will have Ohio State University. Professors no choice but to use this uneconomic Reed and Saltel' reported many regrade-l00 pounds of 4-24-12 or 150 suits fl'om a lot of. field. tests that pounds of 3-18-9 would be more to brought them to this concluslon:you'r advantage). ")0 obtain maximum returns for If the rainfall is enough for a large applications of fertilizer, it 70 bushel crop it is enough for 30 Is necessary to maintain a plantextra hushels 01' for a 100 bushel ing rate' of 12.000 to 14,000 plants crop too. The .two most prohahle pel' acre." For eX'lImple In 1945 "bottlenecks" stopping your yield from 20 fields with a stand of 8.000 at the 70 llushel level are: (1) laCk'lto 10,000 stalks per ac're they avel'agof sllfficiellt stand. and (2) lack of ed 70.8 bushels with only a row ferslCfficiellt nitro!JclI. To go to 100 tilizer. and only 77.5 bushels when hushels pel' ,acre 01' more. you have [50 pounds of nitrogen (equivalent to cut the pattern that wide. to 156 pounds ammonium nitrate What It Takes for Extra Bushels. per acre) pel' acre were plowed un. Here is what it takes at the 70 bush. der in addition to the use of the row el level to get 30 extra bushels on i application. However, when the most soils. (We assume that while. stand was increased to 12.000 "or Ry (;f:()}Wf: n. S('.IU8F:Tll _lml'rim/l Farm Research ~ls.v'lI You can mal,e 30 extra hushels of cheaper corn from most or your corn land (in the middle west) over Hnl! ahove what you are now doing unless you are a.lready producing 125 bushels or more per acre. This statement will interest 1I\0st corn gro,,:!rs, since state average yields are running froll\ 12 llushels per acre in the South to 40 anll sometimes 50 bushels per acre in the North. Battle :Creek Starts $100,0.00 Building A building permit for a new ele,'atol' and ,\'arehouse to Ill' built in Battle Cre,:lk ,on Hamhlin Avenue bv the Ba'ttle Creek Farm Bureau Association. at an estimated cost of $100,OOO_'was Issued rece,ntly. Ex c a vat ion for the huilding foundation has begun. The new building will he a single unit, hut wlIl in.<;;?fPOl:ate three warehouses -20 x,all.W.; 66 x 66 ft.; and 30 x 92 ft.; a'n eleyator 36 x. 42 ft; anll a grlndintiild mixing mill 30 x 36 ft: '. ' The organization's coal, seed .and teed warehouses will he continued at their Pl'esent place of operation on South :\lcCamley Street. At pl:e~lmt, the elevator on_South'west C\lpitol A venue will he torn do\\.n. ~";.t.~ ... The F.arlllj Bur~au Association has recerttly erected a garage on its new property which will serve as a storage building and construction o(f!;tl, ~yhile the new huilding is lleing.~~ed. , A siding from the Michigan Central Railroad has also heen huilt. 12 to 22 pounds of nitrogen per acre is about the proper amount to use on wheat that needs nitrogen. Farm'J~'!.~!au farm use.' tires are built for i Services, Other Co-ops Buy Phosphate Land Central Farmers Fertili7-ing Company. owned by 15 mid-west agri. cultural co-operatlves Including Farm Bureau Services, Inc., have purchased the Stockholders Syn. dicate, a CalifOl'nia corporat1on, whiell owns more than 2,000 acres of phosphate land In southeastern Idaho on tbe Union Pacific Railroad. / This enables the farmer's co-op. eratives building fertilizer plan~s to have a reserve source of phos. Ilhate fertilizer. Washtenaw To Assist Crusade For Children The Washtenaw County Farm Bureau hoard of directors has en. dorsed plans for county participation in the county "CI'usade for Childl'en'" to raise $60.000.000 for the relief of young war victims in Europe and Asia. The "Crusade for Children" is a part of the American O\'erseas Aid United Nation's Appeal for Children which is a federation .of voluntary' American, agencies {Ol' foreign relief. 20,000 More Rural Phones in Bell Area ~lichigan Bell Telephone Co. is installing 20,000 more telephones in rural areas In 1948. More than 16,000 were installed in 1947, and a total of 42,750 since August. 1945. The company has started a pr6gram to reduce the number of rural lines to eight or less. Begick Leaves Services George A. Beglck. manager of Farm Bureau Services' farm equip. ment division resigned effectfve April 24, to take up a private business of his own. Mr. Begick came to the Farm Bureau In June 1936 to manage the petroleum department. He served In that capacity for eight years. During 1944 he was transferred to field service department which he managed for one year. In 1945 Mr . Beglck took over supervision of the large farm machinery program, where he rerrtained until he resigned, I BABY CHICKS Cherrywood Champion Chicks. Leg. horn cockerels $2.50 per 100. Also, heavy layIng Leghorns, Rhode Island J:eds, "White Hock chicks. Cherrywood Farms Hatchery, Box 7:-<',Hoiland, Michigan. 3-3t-25p) Better Blood Tested Chick. from carefully culled farm flocks headed by ROP sons ot ROP males. Barred Electric Motor., all Sizea Available. Hocks, '''hlte Rocks, R. I. Reds, V -Beltl! and pulleys In stock. Gulf 'Whlte 'Vyandottes, Jersey "'hlte and Service StaUon Lawrence, MIch. Black Giant .., and large type English (7-12t-15p) White Leghorns. Started chicks available now. Farm Bureau member. For Sale-Used and rebuilt grain Litchfield HatcheQ', Litchfield, ~l1ch. threshers. 20" 22" 24".and 28," 'variI'hone 94. (4-2t-49b) ous makes. Silo mlers and shredder8, rebuilt. Belle Cl1y grain threshers, VETERINAl1Y REMEDIES new, In all sizes. Belle Clly new corn Sul.-Met. The New Miracle Sulfa pickers. :-;ew "aw mllls, Simonds drug. ~Ialnlalns higher blood level saws, Dlsston chain saW8. Used 7, longer wilh less loxleil)'. The only Sand 10 ft. binders. Recommended drug that will cure pullorum, cholera, 2-ro\" corn binder with elevator. l'occidlu:-;f:-; and coryza.. Eatdly ad"'rite us your needs, or come and see mlnh.tered In Ihe drinking waleI'. us. Get rIrst choice. Marshall )[aI'I'oducing ~Jlcedy cUre~ in ~[a:-lliti:-;. chlnery Sales, Albion, Jllich: One .\Jetrlti .., Jlneumonla and foot-rot. mile west on US-12. (3-5t-78p) \\'rlle tor Illeralure. i'henolhlazlne, llOC Ih., FOll Lansing. P('nlclJlln, foo,Irrigation Systems-Skinner sprinklers, .\lcDowell Portable I'lpe, Self OliOunll 50c: 200,000 unit UOc.The best s)'ringe available. 60 cc "dmln;; Pumps. Shallow or Deep veterinary "'ell. Eleclri<'. I;asollne, or Belled eapaeity, complete wllh needles. $5.00. 145t> ~:ast Irrlgallon and J)raln~e Pumps. 28 II. F. Link, Pharmacisl, .\Ilchigan Avenue, Lansing 12. ~lieh. )"t.ars hydraulic en~inecring experi(5-U-7;,b) ence. Engineering esllmales and hulletills free. \\'rlle gh'lng- acres an,1 Elastration-The new, tested meth. crops 10. be Irrig-alf'd. Also whelher .. <\ of hloodless castration and dockwaler availahle. I:onnlngen [':nglneering. '\'orks on. )'oung calves a,; well In;; Sales, Ylcksburg, .\lIchlgan. as lambs. -resled and aceepled hy (5-7I-49p) c :allfornla "'001 Growers. ~'~Iaslrator and 100 rings oMalnable for $14.30 Large Dahalias, ten different var. Pharmac}', \-I5H I'~ast Ie lies $2. Chr}'sal.themums, 12 dif- from Link's .\lIchlgan A venue, Lam;ln!;', .\Ilch. ferent varteties $1. Pink Zephyran(;,-If-.IOb) thes day lll1e .. , 60 cen ts dozen. Orders of $2 and over postpaid. Roy LaberLIVE STOCK d,., Eau Claire, JlIIch. (~-2t-2Sp) Corriedale Sheep. The better breed. :lllkesell and )fay's consignment of five bred ewes to )liehlgan Purebred FARM FOR SALE Ewe Sale sold for an average of $71.50 477 acre stock farm, excellent .011, each. :-;early new 40xSO barn, 9 room house. 'Ve are taking orders for fall delChicken coop and garage. 125 acres Ih'ery of yearling rams and bred under cultivation. An Ideal stock ewes. )Iake your selection early. Our farm. One mile ot{ hl!;hway 66. :-;ear spring lambs are a sturdy, un!Corm good hunting and nshlng. KalkaJ!lka group. Your Inspection Is welcomed county. Dines Frederlckl!!on, 139 any time. Mikesell and ~[ay. CharSouth Fa.lrvlew Ave., Lan!llng 12, lotte, R. 2, )Ilch. }'arm loca.ted on Michigan. (J-:U-43p) lJ:;-27 at soulh clly limits. (4-6t-70p) . FERTI ...IZER Schrock Natural Hi. Test Phos. CHRISTMAS TREES ]lhate (32-34% 1'205). Super I'hosBest cash crop for sand land. phale. Ferlllizer SJlI'eaders. D. D. T. Scolch Pine tor Chrlslmas trt'es. 2.1-1l and other ag-r'l ch('mlcals. -rransJlJan~s $30.00 per 1,000 mlnumum I Prompl deliveries. Airplane aJllllicaorder. 1010 discount un 10,000; halt lion arranged. Schrock Fertilizer cash. halance C. O. D. h): ex~ress at Ser\'ice, Congerville, Jlllnois. Illanling time. Anders.-n s :-;ur"ery, (4-U_9~h) SClJlIvlJle. _\Iichh;an. (5-2t-3-III) _v FOf"( SALE BERRY BASKETS \ Army Tents, 16xlu new $32.50; u.ed, Berry Baskets-Postpaid to points In perfect condition $26.50; U5ed and within 150 miles of Lansing. 200 melal slightly damaged $16.50. 8x1O new, I'lm <Iuarls $:1.65: ;'00 metal rim quarts $17.50. Used. In perfect condition SS.70. I'rict'H on rCfJuc:-;t on pint~t till:-::. $12.50 and $15.00. 17x20, used, $40.00. hushels. half bushels. ('Ie . .\1. .1. B('ck Harry Marcus, Benton Harbor, )lIch. Company, Box 7, Lansing, .\Ikhlgoan. (2-6t-32b) 1;,-2t-36b) Rope 5/111 inch sisal, mildew resl.YOUR NAME tant tr.eated, $2.00 per 100 feet, postTrim up your farm, Have your paid. Army pup tents $2.50 per set name on the barn. K &: E ready cut parcel post. Harry Marcus, Benton lutters are painted and ready to put Harbor, MIch. (~-'t-23b) Ull. Anyone can Install them. For .WOOL GROWERS further Information, wrlle K. &: E. Industries, P. 0, Box 2145, Lansing 11. Attention, Wool Grower end your )lIchh;an. 1-lf-36h) wool to Ul!! and you are guaranteed1 the ceiling price. We are purchasing FOR SALE wool for the government. Year All steel Minneapolis separator, 28 ~'''nnd wool marketing lIervlce and inch cylindl'r, In gnod condllion wllh prompt lIettiement made. Michigan Wool Marketing .......0b~lts. ,Marlon C(Jnv... ~f>, Lan!'4inJ;'. ft. Co-operative r elation, 606 N. Mech.nlc St., Jackl!on. I, Mlchh;an, Teh'phone 71014. 15-11-18b) Mlchl&'an. Phone J-4Z~6 (I-lt-Ub) MACHINERY Stewart ShearIng Machin .. for Sheep. AnImal clippers for cows, horses; mules. dog.!!. Repair part., sharpening service on all types of cutters and combs. Michigan Co-op ',,"001 Marketln!1: As.!!'n, 606 North Mechanlo Street. Jack.8on. )Uchlgan. (4-tf-J4b) I Claaolfled ~~I~~~~r~~~~lth ~~~ rates: 5 cents per word for one edition. Ads to appear edition. take the rate of 4 cents per word per edition. the following in two or more , .~ I Orchard Brand Sproy Material! for the Fruit Grower indude: Smooth, unbroken spray covers on fruit and foliage fruit at picking time. mean beuer insect and disease concro!. They "pay fruit grow'er, it is a foregone of his otChard against "killing wallop" quality: built maxicalls for spray materials GENITOX*S50 Micro'panicle 50% wen able DOT powder, for many inseclS attacking fruits. off" in cleaner, beller To .the commercial conclusion that the protection insect and disease damage. that have the be.st possible into them. But along must possess still another ASTRINGENT &'STANDARD LEAD ARSENATE The nalion's leading "leads:' with this, the spray materials important G-G BHC WETTABLE SPRAY POWDER For over-winlering and /irsl-brood curculio. To be used only according 10 recommendations of local aUlhorities. mum covering ability. The spray deposit on fruit and foliage must be smooth and uniform, loss of the insecticide Of ,,~; with minimum or fungicide in the spray run., , NICOTINE SULFATE For aphis and pear psylla. off. Only then can the giower .be sure of having the important extra measure of spray. protection fruit.!' Chemical to growers, ., produces its cov'that. means more of the "money GENITHIONt Comains Paralhion, for mile control. Every spray material is carefully develope~ General to meet all of these require- MICRO-DRITOMIC* SULFUR \Vilh particles of Irue micron fineness, fop apple scab and peach bro~'n rOi. ments. ;5efore it can be offered ering qualities, effectiveness be proven Orchard and all,around through Only Brand research then can as weU as its insect or disease control spray efficiency, must and the i~ the laboratory a product bur DRITOMIC * SULFUR Peach growers' standby, for brown rot and scab control. in th~ field. trade-mark. SPRAYCOP* Highly stable neutral copper fungicide, for copper re5ponding fungous disuse;. R',. U. ". Pat. Oft'. I 00 .... 1 C'-deal Tn .. Warll Distrib~ted ~y FARM BUREA\! Avail.able Throughout SERVICES, Inc, See Your Oealer Buy at Farm Bureau Store8 an.d Co-ops ~ichigan r GRATIOT SATURDAY, MAY 1, 1948 MICHIGAN FARM NEWS THREE FARMERS JUNIORS FIND I INSPECT SAGINAW MARKET PRODUCE HEALTH SET-UP., BELOW GRADE More than 100 residents' of GmCulls and utility grade stock tiot county took part in a car-avan m,ade Ull a surprisingly large put sponsored by the women of the of the supposedly No. 1 U.S. grade County Farm Bureau groups to in- apples and pokltoes purchased by ~estigate the olleration o( the Sag- MiChigan Junior Farm Bureau inaw county health unit the early members in retail groceries in a part of April. three d'ay inarketing tour taken A project for the estabfishment early in April. of a county health unit' in Gratiot Eighteen J u n i 0 I' S from Eaton, county had been dormant (01' sever- Shiawassee, Genesee and Clinton al months. The trip renewed a dc-I counties visited wholesale markets, tern~ination ~o set up suc~ an es- sUlll;r-marke~s, (armel's markets tabhshment III that p a I' tIC UI a I' and retail stores at Lansing, Grand county. Rapids, Muskegon, Allegan and -DoThe Sagina:v unit has heen cit- wagiac. , ed on the natIOnal honor 1'011three Purchases of apples 'and potatoes times, and is reco~nized as one o( were made at retail stol'es, both in the outstanding units in the coun- commercial packages and as offertry. There are 1800 such organiza- ed in bulk. At Pokagon town hall tJons in the United States. in Berrien county, all samples purAn open forum was held in St. chased were sorted according to "Louis last August on the subject of grade by Raymond Fulton and a 'health unit for Gratiot County Harry Starhack, inspectors for the and at tll~t time, approval was giv- :\lichigan State Dep't of Agriculen hy the forum speakers. T~at was ture at Benton Harbor. the latest action taken on the 111'0- A combined analysis of samples posal. of Michigan, Maine. and Idaho potatoes averaged 80% U.S. No.1 \grade Corn is the pre'eminent live- and 20% U.S. No.2 and culls. Only stock feed. Only a smail percent- two samples made U.S. No.1 grade. age of it is used 01' is capa,ble o( They were 15 lb. packs from I\lichiuse as food under present condi- gan and Maine. tions. A combined analysis of the apples purchased revealed that 70% graded as U.S. NO.1 and 30% as utility grade and culls. Two purchased Get Keize~"s Prem gl'aded as U.S. No. L ium White Rocks, It was ohserved that ,the Imlk ofBarred Rock~, ferings of allples ran heavily to utiNew ,Hampshire lity grade and culls in the sample Reds, and ,White purchases made. Leghorn -chiclm Juniors who made the marketing ~nd p~1IetJ.' study tour were: Rose l\Iiller. Betty ..~:... ( Stafford, Bernard Janlot and HerSend 'for~ circular bert Clarke o( Eaton Rapids; Beverly and Barbara Colister of PeITY; and price list " Mahle Darling, Rober.t Drury of BYRON CENTER HATCHERY Durand; GI'ace Self of Owosso; Gerrit C, Keizer John I<'orce and Dorwin Honis o( Tel',: 3461 Michigan Bancroft; Eugenc Lang o( Flint; Byron Center Juniors Study Apple and PQtato Market Grades YAEGER WARNS OF PRICE SUPPORT DISCONTINUANCE I Live Stock Maintains Soil Fertility I Group Raises $100 For Cancer Fund Junior Fal'm Bureau members visit the Mart, lal'ge refrigeration storage Illant for farm Ill'ouucts at ~Iuskegon. This was one of the visits to warehouses, super-markets and other retail stores in a three" llay study o( marketing of apples and potatoes conducted by the Junior 'Farm Bureau. Check Ilur. hnsps revealed that only a few of the them ('oulcl qualify fOI' U_S. ~o, 1 grade. . KEIZER'S C'HICKS j~il;~i~~~':n~L G~ci'ri~lJ~~~~i;:~:Ll~~lprogress' is .Em~phasis Davison; :'Ilichael Pavich of Grand Blan_c. On~'Important Things Uriar Ul' ][r,v. Bdith 1\'a!/ar, 1Iill Farm, CU)'/ClOIl, Mich. 1tState7Itut:ot FIRE l the all time higl~ record of 1!145. These figures do not include the No douht many of you have huge sum spent on the things tlla t crime, the acheal'll that when a person reaches go with liquor-the cidents, the policing, the instituthe age of cnjoying reminiscences, it is an admission of old age; but, tional costs, the misery and thc \\'astage. Just go nevertheless we all like to revert gl'eat human Congressman E. C. Gathings of back to the old days .. Especially if ovcr the "ads" in your magazines Arkansas has intl'Oduced into the we can refrain from the hardships and make note of, thc Sllace taken Heuse a bill to repeal tax exemp- and the disappointments and sor- (or promoting the sale of liquol', The industr:l'_has been spcnding up tion pr.ovisions of the federal in- rows. come tax code as they apply to We lov'e to dwell on the things to 150 millions a year for alIYel.tisfarm co-operatives under certain that hrought comfort and peace at ing. It must be hringing I'CSllItS by conditions. the rapid illcrease in its business. t hat particular The bill is not likely to he recogIn looking o\'cr thc magazines time, They wouLd nized by thc House 'Ways and coming into our homc, I tounel one bc crude and simMeans committee. Repuhlican'leadple in co III pal'i- very popular monthly carricd Hi ers in control of Congress decided son with today',s such liquor ads. another popular several weeks ago to bUI'y (01' tTlis living, but they weekly had 10 and somc full page Congress at least all anti-co-olleraThere werc sevcral with sufficed the n. at tliat. tiye tax Ilrollosals. So say veteran Certainly the old- 9 and 5 and 4 licluor ad\'crtiscreporters. er generation can ments. It was comforting to fincl 1\11'.Gathings is a candidate for and ::(:,'more (ully appre- that. the l"arm publications, J'e-election in an Arkansas distr'ict "~,~ date the conveni, they arc nu merous arc free from noted fOl' production o( cotton. ences a nd com- this typc of ad\'crtising. Power(ul cotton producing corporaIt is unlawful to sell liquor to a forts of today tions operate there and undouhtedmiuor. It.s too had many Ileople than can the Iy exel.t considerahle politieal 'HR'. WAGAR - younger fry who cannot bc minors until they rcach force. The south also has some the age of discrction eyen if it very large eotton mal'keting co- know nothing about the progress i'uns to a IllllHlred, down thl'u the years. They accept operatives operated by farmers. You'veseen 0 robbit escope the talons 01 0 hawk I know the acquisition of que;;modern living as a matteI: of by duckinginto 0 holeor 0 hollowlog. He's laund tionahle habits by others is no di, ..- protection mode to order. You con find protection course_ , rcct business of mine, but there is mode to order against farm fires by insuring with .. Those who, have lived three- room for concern as to whcrc it Slate Mutual. You get omple coverage without unnecessary hilts or extras. (oul.tlLs of a century 01' more call will all lead to. Is it not time thaI The Osceloa County Farm 13m'- rightfully say they have heen fortu- we all do some serious thinking Statb~ut..~1 ~o~ up to $50.00 to anylire deportcan achieved the donule distinction nate to I have lived in the history ami perhaps give ourselves a bit of ment f~r rnoklng:d run to insured properties ... of exceeding their membership goal making pel'iod that they have. self-examination and each deeiele. ANOTHERSTATEMUTUALFEATURE! set by .the state organization fOl' They have tasted the old as well as "\\'hat can I do ahout it '!" Let's . Ask yourStote Mutuol ~ge~t,'o'f~rite ie;'ciel,ops. 1948 in being the (\1'St county in the new. ease on child delinquency and deDistrict 7 to reach their goal. They shared the troLnsition (rom vote more time to thc indiscrctions i" " The county roll call was under 1 i the direction of Walter Johnson. the kerosenc and acetylene age in. of grown-ups. It take-s courage to do someNorman Maney, ('alltain of t1~e !oJv- to univeJ'sal electric power, They 702 Church St. Flint 3, ,Michigon " art township team. signed UII all ha\'e watched hand and backhone things like that. E. R. DINGMAN. Pruld~lJr H. K. FISK. S~c:rr'at' .. farming move steadily on untilloft'l. the"old inembers but one. Beware of the strangers who are "Sta'" Mutual Insures ~vCrrFJ{lh Farm m Mrchlgan-Ask Your NeIghbors!" i\. victOl'y party was held April has become highly mechanized. They have marveled at the selling "new, improved, high-yield22 to honor the volunteer roll call Opf'QJftIIlFor Acenil in Some Communities of If manure or legumes are made in cOIIlmunication ing and mil'aculous" varieties workers who hellled Jlut the county strides ~-~ --. and transportation until the once seed. Consult your county agricul- in the rotation, top-dressing over the top. ~ cause lodging of the crop. ~.:.:. vast unknown wOI'ld has hecome tural agent before buying. Plant Farlll Bureau Seeds. an enlarged neighborhood. I sometimes think science and invention have faI' out-reacJled the' peoples o( the wor.1d, (or we have fai!cd to adjust our differences. We are willilig to accept' all tlLars advantageous, hut hesitatc in our tolerancc towards each other. To a great degree we still cling to our Ill'ejudices against nations, creeds, colors and habits. Our hope is that true neighhorly spirit will J develop throughout the wOI'hl as it '\ ~ FITS TOGETHER: Dill YOII know Ihat, in all. has among the American people during the past century. dition to Michigan Bell; there arc 160 "!rlllc. Some of us can recall the line pendent" telcphonc com panics in 1\1ichigan? fenee squabblcs which once in a Their territory is shown in grcy on thc lllljoining while tcrminated in a deyil's lane, map. ThOllsands of rllral folks arc served hy thcse thereby publishing to the s\ll'rounel(/ ~AN6ANeSE ('ompanics whosc lincs conncct with l\Iichigan ing country that right there livell two who could not -agree on just Bell (arca in whitc) for long distall(:c servicc. where each other's land extended Both the "In<lcpcndents" an411\1ichigan Bcll havc neithcr would they cO!.\lpromise on as their goal more aIllI hcuer ruml telephone UfAITH,FAST. thc subject hence \the two separate service. fences a fcw feet apart. PRODUCTION 1"01'myself I have enjoyed going " ~ --""""-~ , along with pl'Ogress, for if thcre was something better in sight I want",d to share the benefit and I'm eontinually wondel'ing what will eome next and hoping I'll live to he part o( it. LINE TIED UP: 'Whcn a telephone on a But I must confess, there's some 'lack of Cobaltr logine and Manganese (known as TRACE party ljne is left ofT the hook - or cven modern habits that I (cel I cann'ot MINERALS)in feed crops of Michigan and Wisconsin has caused lilf"rJ oJr, like this onc - thc linc is tied up suhscrihe to. For exaIIlple, I have ,mineral deficiency diseases among stock and poultry. Protect fO!' evervone. Y 011 can't receive calls and never heen able to force' myself to your stock and poultry against loss of appetiter retarded growth~ no one e'lse on thc linc ('1111 makc or receive fully approve of the rapillly growlower milk and egg production, anemia -lameness in pigs, perosis in chicle ens ing custom of smokin;; by women. by feeding the new Hardy's Trace Mineral Salt. It supplies at low cost - in addithcm! PI case hang up carefully - for your tion to salt-certain deflnite. but small (or Trace), amounts of Cobalt. Iodine, Iron, I I may he onc who was born r,O neighhors' sake. , . and yours, Copper and Manganese that stock and poultry need for health, fast gains and yeaJ'S too soon and am' narrow in reproduction. look for the name, HARDY, n the bag to be sure you get the original o my thinking, but to me it seems a Hardy's Trace Mineral Salt, If your dealer has not yet stacked it, ,write for com-I woman loses onc of her finer attriplete information todayt blltes when she indulges in a habit What a Few of Many Authorltle. 5ay About \ Trace Mineral 5alts "Cheap insurance against that docs her no good. SIZE MEANS SERVICE: ,l\liehigan nutritional deflciencies"- Dr. Gustav Bohstedt. U. The modern spending by our naof Wisc. "Your lormula calculates very closely to Bell's telephone plant is hig - hilt it tion fairly takes one's breath. Milthat which we recommend for sheep,"- Dr. Paul lions and billions are words so must e "ro\~ hi 00cr to !'1IIlllly even'one .... H. Phillips,U. of Wise. "Best way of furnishing Tra~, commonly usetl that we wonder if EI.ments."- Dr. W. Eo Petersenr U. of Mrnn.. with the kind of telephone service he we can ever again think of a quarwants. Exp.ansion increases the vallie ter as hayin~ any value. \\'hen we of your telephone bccausc it provides read the list of high salaries receimorc telcphoncs that you can call . nd by individuals, we wonder just what a person can do to earn sllch lets YOIl (10 lIIorc time. atHl money. a large sum. saving telephone errands. When I heard that the U. S. Department 0(' Commerce records show that o\-er S1h hill ion dollars w"I'e spent in I!JIll by the Ileople of this c'ollntl'y 1'01'whiskey, h",'r and MICHIGAN BELL TELEPHONE COMPANY Willl', whic'h ac'tually meant $8!l / Our $13,500.000 post.wor 1141'111/ c:onstrurflon program means ",lC'h for ,'\' ..ry l'itizl'll OHlr ]S Y"III'~ mOre and better rural telephonl: iervlc:e or al\l', I was sho('I;..d. Th is p~url' was almost one billion morc than EXPECT CO-OP TAX BILL TO DIE IN CONGRESS . ---- PROTECTION MADE TO ORDER. I Osceola Co. Achieves Double Distinction im~A'i~~~#o,~ ~ \0 ... .~ l't "Fanners should take an active pal.t in state, national and interna. tional affairs, because what happens outside their (ence lines can affect cverything they produce within them," Jack Yaeger, assistant executive secretary of the Michigan Farm 13ureau, told 200 members o( the Huron County Farm BUI'eau at their annual spring get-together. "The future depends upon what you do in an organizing way. Only by maintaining sllokesmen in Lansing and Washington, anu uy backAt St. Paul Tbis Year ing them up with letters and resoHeating Surface lutions, can yon imlll'ess your ConThe heating surface IIrovided IJY glevcn midwesteru Farm Bugressll'len with you I' desires and the lIlany tubes and flues and by reaus will hold their annual trainconvictions on legiSlative matters SUller heaters on a modern (reight ing school for state and county that vitally concern you." locomotive covel's about 9,000 membershill workers at ~": Pau.I, Referring to the Steagall Amend- square (eet, which is equivalent to I:\linn., June 27 to 30. Michigan III ment which has provided a IIr!ce an area nearly 125 (eet long and alwa~-s well relll'esented at these support program for some agricul- 71i feet wide. meetlllgs. tural commodities, 1\11'. aeger saill Y that such price sUIIPort programs DAIRY FARMERS ACROSS THE NATION would enll December 31, 1948. X'o substitute progl'am (or Ilrotecting (arIII ilr'ces at a fail' level will be enacted unless fannel's, as a groUI), fight fOl' it. Farm prices, generally, are down 10%. ~Iichigan fmit gl'OWers al:e already suffering losses from sharp Ilrice drops, Emmett L. Raven, Huron Connty Agl"1 agent, told the group that 1948 is one o( the most critieal years fanners have hacl to face. Hc warned that farm expence will continue to rise. anel shonld be watehcd closely. lIc should choose carefully his entel'\ll'ise to keep UII his income. I\ll's. Kal'i Oehmke or Schewail~ urgecl members to writc their Icgislatol's tellilll; how they stoou 011 state issues. SOllie 170 members illdicatecl that they would \\Tite to Govel'llor Sigler that hui!(ling and maintainillg roads be included 011 the spedal session. The IIIII'on County Farlll Burcau Through the request of the dairy farmers of was the first county ill thc Thumh 'the nation, dairy plants will set-aside onc cent a ilrCll to lIass its mcmhershill quota. pound on butterfat (or its equivalent in milk), The eonnty now has !IS!i membcI's. during the month of June. This action is taken' !to provide for a year 'round program of dairY I farmer advertising, merchandising and research. Thirty days in June p'rovide for twelve months business activity in expanding the markets for , The Michigan Junior Farm Bureau has been asked by the organiMilk, Butter, Cheese, Ice Cream, and all d31rYI zation committell o( the American foods. It's a business program designed by dairy, Institute o( Co-operation to prefarmers and for dairy farmers. Make sure that sent a pageant-play at their annual thc dairy plant purchasing your cream or milk meeti ng at Amherst, I\lassach usetts, does its part. Wednesday evening. September 1. The state council o( the Junior Farm Bureau orgaization, which is t~;t ~, ... ~ scheduled to meet April 10. will se"A'MERICAN .. ~'bAnlY":-'AS,SOC IATION IEtct a committee to write a script ,J'.'. ,", 20 'N. WACKU JlRIVE ILDO',;'CHICAOO '6. ILL. ' . around a central theme of how ru:,F ' ,,:j., !'-VOIC'E OF"'THE.DA't;iY:_FARMER'" ... t ral young people fit into the great democratic way of lire, The pageant-play will call for a cast of ap. prOXimately 60 to 80 people. The cast will be rehearsed in one of the Junior Farm Bureau camps during the summer months. While attending the Institute, plans call for an intensive study by the group o( agriculture in Ontario, New York and the New England states. The return trip will be made via New York City and Washington, D. C. The agricultural college of the' 1II0re than $100 was raised for University of Illinois, has this to the current cancer fund drive by say about the importance o( live- the Frankenlust Community }.'arm sto<:k in maintaining soil fel'tility: Hureau when it held a card party If the grain and hay needed to pro- and a white elephant auction reo duce a gain of 500 Ibs. 011 a steer cently at tiLe Frankenlust school. were sold as grain and hay, the I The committee in charge expresfarm would lose seven times as sed thanks to the Farm Bureau much nitrogen, four times as much membel's and local merchants who phosphorus and 20 times as much I contributed artil'ies (01' the card potaSiium. party and (or the auction. Another point in this connection :\trs. Jacoh Appold was genel'al, Is that grass is the only crop that chairman. She was assisted oy wiII gl'OW 011 neal'ly hal( our total Mrs, ArthUl' Schmidt and Mrs.; land area. The only way we know Louis Walter. The auctioll commit., at present to utilize that grass is tee was comllosed of Carl 1\:1011:1 to feed it to animals. :'Ilore than and Ilel'bert Schmidt. I half the meat coming to market today has oeen produced from Midwest Training School grass, hay or other (orage. I Advertising Set-Aside . .n June! Jr. F. B. To Preserit Pageant-Play In East , .. ," L",. -. ".' _, .. 'r ~~l ... _~ <4., " .. ~ -,\,,~ - - : ---- . Rillal Tele-news' \ ~'iwr~l ~. (l~ ~ ~j ,.~ IOOINE,IQON.COPPER COBALT STOCK AND POUL1RVHUOTRACt ~NERALS fOR ~ C1ROWTH ANO RE \ People sweet dered who buy dairy products, cream, cheese, evaporated whole milk or nonfat producl. whether it be fluid milk, pow. want \ \ milk, ice cream, HARDY'S - TRACE MINERAL SALT IS CHEAP INSUR .. A~CE AGAINST TRACE MINERAL DEFICIENCIES I dry milk solids always I I a High Quality This fine quality plants they demand Group is high condito must start on the form and with The Mid-West of 25 cooperatively-owned because tions and the plont. " . quality always under sanitary being the producers immediately own the business. cooled before They are aware shipped milk and cream must be produced --:.'" l' '~~,:"'.""""/'j- ,r-.T".J :. _~ . - . ,Mid~.W.5t~P.roduc~'i'5JlC~eamera:e's, Inc . ~J. f! " ;.'~/ .. :..... "tl~' (*'.~)' 224 .. wuj jUPlUOA"IOULlYARD 'f ~.SOUtH :~'.: .. ~'~':'.:;;''' ~ UND ,. INDIANA J MICHIGAN Doi,y Company CooP. C,y, Co. CooP. C,y. Co. Co. C". Volley CooP. Cr'l. CooP. Co. INDIANA Columbus-F.,,,,,er, MOlketin, Au". Crawfordsvilie-forMe-', 'Coop. Cry"Inc. t(okomo-',oduce,s (,eo .... " Middteobury-Mlddlebul' CooP. e,y. Co. MoriOR-',odllc." (,.o ...erf Orleons,O('fu(ers OOlty Mor". Ai"'_ Portlond-'rv..-toIu.rs C,.om.ry Coldwater-Cold_Of.' Con;'on'ine-Con,'ontine Carson Ciry-Doirylond Elsie-Elsie (ast Jordort-Jordon HARDY SALTCO., ST. LOUIS 10,MO. Cooperoti ... Creo",.ry e HARDYS TRACE MINERAL. fremont-Fremont Gront-G,ont CooP.tO'.". C,eome'l Co. Nashville-Forme,s Coop. Creo,."ery An ... Niles-Produce,', St, Louis-St. Lo"i, Coopero''''e CooP. Doi,y TENNESSEE GofJ.,irw-S"", ... , Co. CooP. C,'I. Au"_ Murf,. ... sboro-'vrh.f"ord f (oopero".,. C'eo ''1 A,toC "oll. H.'enlville--No1.eo" ,1 Cooper.rue C,~",." A,so{ r:Jf t ..e CO""' C'f. Co. I.c_ /LLIHOIS Pana-EQuily Paris-Equity Atwoecl-At Union Cry. & SALT ',odu'. Co. DOyf.a.--Ao' OHIO 'i.f r (' ODe __ Of ". Union Cry. & ',od",(. Co. ..... ood Cooperati .... CrY. Inc, " ., ., ,A. c;,. ... " .. ,U. I "' 0" I,.,... ..... "t ", , 'Iter. ~'...,.oya h Buy at Your Farm Bureau Dealer .,.J "..,S G mem".,.ueCJme,.y IA. ""1 ., fl,. Mid.W." I.'WU', c;,.."" ,..., Iii y.vr ....... '"'''' , wlt'e. .. "'.,., t pO ~,.,.,' "eo...... M ill fHl4"f." ,t.. ,..",,,,,,., u I. ,It ,., ~OlJR MICHIGAN FARM NEWS SATURDAY, MAY 1, 1949 POULTRY FEED RILL CUT BY PASTURE USE HOW FARSIGHTED ARE PEOPLE ION POULTRY? I Women of Farm Bureau District No.9 Elect Officers BARBERRY JOB MADE RUST LOSS SMALLEST IN 1947 . I Sell Michigan To Nation, Groups Told \n f'~tlmate that 15 ('rcent of 1:1/ R~ If, .lrldJl. jfllllayt"l'. tilt' f('{'(1 bill (or poultry can be Par", 11.1'("'1( Scrr'kt".\'. Fel'lI /leI)'!, !'>..'\"'d by the UH' of jUicy ltret'n 'Ve h('ar that f,um('rs arc plun~J1:ra,..~ madt' by J. :\f. :\foort~. ex- l'rs or ~amhlers, I~ Howe vel', we - t ..ll~ion poultryman at :\flchlgan know that farmers have to he ~am~lat .. eollt'ge . . . bier!'. In man)' In!ltanl'es, bet'ause nTlt'd l1;ra";-,, a!' little. ,'alue for I the'\' have uncontrollable h forces ]1Qultry. (,hl('ken~. unlike other I ' . . I5, WI llOt !:"o f ar a f'IeId for with which they must contend. . The '11 anima . h tell' . Ilaslure .. 'I oore al IVIS(>S h at I rain I'an he too much 01' too little. ' t t h ~ mesns b" r1ngl1l~ t IH! pa."lure 10 Then there mftv be frost~, late In " . . th <l IlIM IS I')' mOVlll~ t h (' b roo d 1'1' I the !'prln~ or I'arly t In the (all, ,. fI ' llouse or summer !'helter two or I There IS hall to , at ('n ~r.owlll~ th ~ tlml's durln~ the range Sl'a' crOll:. There ur(' IIIsects. disease, . !'on. fun~l. hll~ht. etc. 'fhf' tyJ>f' of ~ra~!' used !'hould be "'I' do kuow that (armel's, once ;ou'h that it is green and succulent III a while, plulll;c into Ilroduction dt rin~ July. Au~u,.t, and Septem- of CI'OII!'that for varyin~ reasons llE'1'. Oflt'n mowin~ the poultry I look like profit makers in some r8'~e onl'e or twice durin~ the!'e particular year. But we have Ilroof Jlh nths will re;.ult in new ~rowth (so far this real', 1\ least) that 51 rt inl!:, Growing stock must hE- farmE-rs are not plun~ers hE-cause I rai;::(!(jon a grass r:tn~e that has not there is a field of activity that 1"'~n contamlnatE-d with parasites I looks most 11I'ondsin~ for profit. and disea!'e ~rms. A ran~e where but (armel's are shying away from no C'hickens have been pastured' it like a tramp (rom a hath tuh, f..r two yellrs Is described as "clean", Yep! You guessed, Poultrv~ and can he ll!'ed to produce w('l1- First o( all is the hroiler raisin~ ~rown, (ull-developed pullets that paJ't of the poultl'y industry. PI'Owill produce a profit. I (essol' Carll of our own poultry lieAlfalfa and brome pastu~e has I partment at :\1. S. C, is an authorproven to be one of the good poul. ity (01' the statement that this late tr)' pasturt'!'. Since brome grass winter, :\Iichl~an gl'own hroilers comes early in the season it forms bl'ought as much per pound, live a malted ;::od that provides juicy weight, as imported hroilers (from for:lge and keeps the young chick- that fa m 0 u s Del-Ya.:\lar hroiler erg ocr the soil. Alfalfa is unsur- area) hrought dl'essed, Yet. manr pa:::sed in the dry summer months times the hroilers from that area wben many ~rasses are not avail- and from Arkansas, come into the a\;le, Detroit market as come from our :;Orne poultrymen, :\Ioore states, :\lichlgan poultrymen, al'ow their P?lIets to go without The papers tell us red meat will mll~h and gram from 1 10 4 p. m. he sC3l'ce and high pricell hecause daily in order to induce. the flock or shortages of supplies, packing to make better use of their pasture., house strikes, etc. It looks as if 'Ic-C Wlnng spt'c Ia I'ISt s alI'VIse cockerels raised when straight run .. _' "" . still be working, l('sting a dia~ram of vour wirin'" ch,lCks are hOI!ght shoulll clean. up If farmers were, plungers, what J " b ' f i I )" a little money, even at present high situation would he more made-toCI:CUIlS Y YOUI' use 'ox to ~e p rices for feed. spot the trouble when a tuse p h 't t. ol.der than this one?- Baby chicks (C'()ntinu(~(l on I)a~e one) 1,IJ1\'''. T ere's the e!lg SI ua 10~. Lart eat but little feed for the first 1~ to a proposal would meet with the year we had less eggs III storThe Gover15 weeks. By early summer, Ilrices Go\'emor's opposition, age than for many a year. This Plant Farm Bureau seeds. of ,feed can be quite a hit lower nor can veto any item in an approyear our stot'age eggs are greater than at present. unless crops are priation bill, and so he mi~ht than a yeal' ago hut only 2i % as failures, pullet chicks bought now thwart ,such a grant even if the I~ --tfi many as in 19-16 and less by far should he ready to lay this fall on legislature should approve it. PURE CRUSHED than our avel'age for the last 10 prices of feed much lower than Township Roads. A hili to iml'RIPLE SCItfHll) years. Eggs aren't plentiful l'ight pose definite financial responsihilitoday . now an,1 prospects are for (urther A poultryman's chance for real ty fOl' local I'oads on township$ was shortages. There 31'e (ewer hens on profit is to get eggs when prices defl;ated hy the 1I0use committee fal'ms than there have heen for are good. This means e~gs from on roads and hrid~es, On the final many years. Trade reports say Septemher through Decemher. This day of. the session a measure was that haby ch ick sales anll orllers rail could see eggs being sold at the passed removing any uncert1iinty arc down ahout 20 % so far from highest Pl'ices they have'evel' heen. as to the authority of a towl\shilJ last year which was lower than a If fa J'lnen; were plung'ers, those hoard to use III 01 leY from its p;enyear a~o. with equipment, know-how, anll a el'al or contingent fund (or local With fewer ch icks llCing raisell liking for poultry raising' WOUIII e road h purposes, A committee this year, more old hens will be in the chiclwn hu~ine~s, hecause amendment fUl'ther authorized a kept. nut 0111hens s~dom lay in this looks like the year that will town hoard to Icvy a property tax August. Septemher, Octoher anll make it pay. for road purposes without voter :-':ovemher, Usually pullet flocks a[lllI'O\'al. take up the hurden for those Community Hospital Aid, Thp. months. With a small pullet popunecessary enablinp; le!!;islation was lation being ~rown, it looks like enacted to ilermit 1\lichigan to parfewer e~~s than _ are neetled in ticipate in the new federal aid proA I bel' t "Hap" Shellenhargel', those months. This will mean an unusually good price, hecause de- :\Iichigan I-ann BUl'eau Dirccrm', gram for hospital constl'llction. As mand will be good and peoll!e will and president o( the Barry Counly a result of this hill l\lieltigan heFarm Bureau, was l'eccn!ly ehosen eomes eligihle for $2,171.000 a year as one of the !! llil'ectors of the of felleral grants to the next five SouthwestI'm :\Iichigan Live Stoek years, To receive this federal aill Co.opemtives, Inc. the local communities must matl'h The new co-oper'ative consists of any I;rant on a 2 to 1 hasis. Michi8 eounties which are IlalTY. Kaia- gan Fann Bureau wOllleu have mazoo, Cass, Calhoun, 1l!'<lIll'h,Al- heen espel:ially intercstCl[ in this legan, St. Joseph, and Van Buren. legislation. Capital stock of $100.000 is being Prior to the convening o( the issued. session, it was rumored that metro. Mr, Shellenlnrger was one of politan influences would seek to the group of directors that recent- inject the question of state-wide ly made a trip to Co]umlJus, Ohio. daylight saving time, This was to visit the Ohio Li vestock 1'1'0' jlJ'otested hy the ;\)ich igan Farm ducers' yards which do a $100,001),- Bureau, However, the lawmakers 000 annual business, eventually saw the rural point of view and h.oth the House and Sen. Farmers May Buy Into ate joined in approving a concurrent resolution reading as follows: St. Joseph Oil Co-op "Whereas, the legislature of the Farmers of St. Joseph County state of Michigan passed Act. No, bave the opportunity of purchasing shares of stock in the St. Joseph purchase end sale of fuel 011.gasoCounty Farm Bureau 011 Co-opera- line. motor oils. and accessories to tlve which was Incorporated In be used In farm production, The September, 1947. stock issue is being sold by Farm The Company will engage In the Bnreau members of the county. I I Governor May Call Legislature Again OYSTER SHELL I Shellenbarger Director SW Live Stock Co-op Your Farm Btireu Dealer Has a Quality Dust For Every Farm Need Farm Bureau dusts mean extra savings to, you, Your co-operative Farm Bureau Services, Inc" owns and operates a dust manufal:turing and mixing plant in Grand Hapids. The savln~s in distrihution and manufactul'ing are passed 011 to you. There is a FARM BUIU<~A DUST for every farm neel!. U Why pay for two or three spraying jobs in barn, poultry house or cellar-first for whitewashing, then for disinfecting, then for DOT -when Carbola does all in Special Mixing Service (In 500 or More Pound Lot.) If you want a special mixed dust, we can make any comhination Ilesired providing that the quantity is more than 500 pounds, l\lake sure that you don't get caught short of supplies. 'VI' su!!;gest that you get an order in (or your relluirements now, The followlnl; dusts are available at ,your local Farm Bureau dealer: ONE EASY LOWER COST OPERATION DISINFECTANT pro'lt,taklna In Carbola dlaea_. deetroy. on contact Inciudlntt .IOHeMmS CMI"IN CHOLD,. the ierm. of many _STInS aAN.'S DIll"" ''''IICUl.OSJS ICopIe. 01 WHITI DI"IIMI" HOG CHOUI,. HOG flU - .... , ,.,,~ CONTAINS D.DT DRIES WHITE Kills spiders, 90% less cobwebs , 'OCI""'" Other'roduct. I, Carbala Chemical Co. CCt: 3"" DOT Gard~n OUal tee lS"'o II< SO% OOT Wol. tahle Po""der. CCt: 3,~ IDDT II< Cop....' In_tleld. 1Ir Funltfeld. l)ual) " for 8 to 10 months. Better sanitation. Lower bacteria l ..... foe ,\1 )8'. b)' I.'m~ra ~nr,...h.,~ to h~lp conlrollh~IOC'" dlera .... and to tiPt _hire ... 11 ..... In 'Hent ) ..... (ala" OOT waa added) to 10.111 III ......... 11. t>OTln .... on "~I h)tI'.lod J1m~... hkb ..... rO). l)f)1~; l'arbola C()ntalna DO11me-. __ I _. YOU All OmtNO CAnO"" Asa TO au TMI PAC1lA.I t1..rMOft. r-" -.I. dnul. r.rm ,,~, I Ib. lSt S lb. 7~. 1,lh. sr,~, lS Ib, 52,7S. Sf lb. St.IIS hlll .ti,letll ""_ In It<>dlH tJ S. W. _t 4_1 ... wrl.o 10 STRAIGHT ROTENONE DUST 80-5-15 FRUIT DUST 85-15 DUSTING SULPHUR COPPER DUSTS COPPER ROTENONE DUSTS COPPER & DOT DUST COPPER SULPHUR DUST DITHANE Z-78 DUST RYANEX DUST CALCIUM,ARSENATE,GYPSUM The elimination of thousanus ot rust-susceptible barherry bushes from Michigan ~rain growing areas and the use of Improvetl smallgrain varieties were responsible in 194i for the smalles~ stem-rust damage ever reportetl III ~f1chlgan, The barberry program has been' carried out in the state by the United States Department of Agrlculture co-operating with MiChigan State college" Since the program began in 1918, more than 6.600.000 barberry bushes have'been destroyed on almost 18,000 properties. 1\1.E, Turner. in charge of eradIcatlon work, says that barberry eradication is a project deslgl)ed to Improve the conditions under wblcb One o( the chief advanta~es of small grains may be produced. ~he barberry provides a place wbere an ~rtiticial cattle hreeding prothe rust may develop during the gram"., is that superior sires an:!,fJ Women of the Michigan Farm Bureau in District spring just before infecting grain used. The result usually is better dairy ~co\VS and more profit. plants and grasses. 9 held their semi--annual district ,meeti~g atT raverse During 194i a total of over 4,000 City April 7. The ~roup above represented .F~r_m square miles"of territory was work- Farm safety Is a famfly ~jfatr. ed in 18 counties. There were alBureau women in Benzie, Grand Traverse, Kalmost 8,000 barberries destroyed on . 449 properties. It is estimated that kaska, Leelanau. Manistee, Missaukee' and' Wex86 per cent of the land area of the 'f_o.:.d ?~nti~~:_ )!1._t.~_~u_picJ,~t:e._~L __ c th.e.)~f~ ...M~s.__ state will require no further organized work. Cl)URING COLD, WINTER MONTHS William Hoolihan ~f T ra,::erse Ci~y, retiring ~hairFarmers are asked to co-operate ALSO H EAT SY' 6 U R W A TE R for the benefit of their own crops lS GAL. IN 30 MINUTES! Irian; congrat~lates Mrs. Charles Gotthard (left), of by destroying any busbes they find, A single barberry growing In an Thompsonville~ W~xford county, ,She w~s electarea can do great damage to grain crops as well as produce seed for ed chairman' fo' 1948: Mrs_' Marvin 'Git'lespie' of , , new bushes. Stem rust control has resulted in saving more than two Manistee was elected vice--chairman, and Miss and one-half million bushels of 'Syl~ia Lautner of T riwerse City was elected secsmall" grain for l\lichlgan farmers each year. If the barberry can be retary-treasurer. kept down anI} growers will use rust-resistant varieties of grain The Meyers oil burn6 of the Public Acts of 1945 estab-' water heater and follow approved cultural meth- ing lishing a standard time within the milkods, little damage from rust Is an- heats: .your state of Michigan; and !louse and supplies ticipated. "Whei'eas, a great deal of confus' "you with plenty of ion results from the attempted inDot water for cleandependent action of one unit of ing Ybul'-farm dairy 1;0\'el:nment to operate on difCo s t s Matilda Rogers describes the equipment. (erent standard of time than the tools, rules and step by step pro- less th?n half to operate by burn, uniform time established by state Farm Bureau presidents .from cedure of flower arrangement in ing ~~~omical priced fuel oil. law; and six midwestern hog producing her new book, Her tips on corsages It'll. built to last! "Whereas, The same result could states and Allen Kline, president and bail' arrangements will inter""RITE FOR FULL INFORMATION he accomplished in such units of of the American Farm Bureau Fed- est the ,teen agel's. Her practical government as desire to operate eration, have appealed to Pres i- suggestions make flower arangetheir business and manufactur- dent Truman to take steps to ment an interesting hobby. The 01'-" ing pursuits on a daylight saving bring ahout '8n immediate resump- dinary bouquet becomes a work of h;isis hy changing the hours of tion of work in the, struck meat" art. "Flower A I' I' a n gem e n t, a MANUFACTURING CO. lJlleration; now therefore be it packing plants. Hobby for All," by Matilda Rogers. JANESVillE, WISCONSIN "Resolved by the House of RepreContinued feeding of hogs which $1.50. Women's Press, 600 Lexingsentatives (the Senate concur- have been ready fOl' market for ton Ave" New York City. rin!?;), That the several communl- several weeks is wasting an untold tics of the state are herehy request- tonnage of .feed. according to thp. eel to comply with the uniform farm leaders. Daily wide price stanllard time I'equirement 0(' Act fluctuations are ca!lsing farmers 1\0, G of the Public Acts of 1945," heavy direct loss and produce no Sales Tax on Farm Supplies, A henefit for consumers. The waste Ilefinition of agricultural produc- In feed is ofl'setting the national ing, as the term is used in the sales feed conservation program. Under Lime your fields now"to insure greater "tax law, was adopted, A feature o( present conditions live stock pmthis hill is the requirement that ducers have practically no price production. anyone claiming sales tax exem- bargaining power,' Swine quartFRANCE AGSTONE has been aiding lion fOr (arm supplies signs a state-l ers on farms are becoming crowdmcnt at the time of purchase. This I'd with marketahle stock to the production successfully for over 25 years. i'elieves the dealer of any J'espon- disadvantage of the spring crop of sibility in case a department of pigs. Monroe, Mich., Plant located just south ' revenue auditor daims that sales of' the city limits of Monroe on US-25. tax exemption should not have l\fichigan State College animal heen permitted on a certain transSilica, Ohio, Plant locatea "8 miles west husbandry spets ad\'ise rotaaction. of Toledo, 1 mile north of US-20N. tion of pastures each year to keep Michigan's Community Property pigs on clean ground. Act was rellealed. There was no furthel" need for this law hecause The Farm Bureau speaks for TOLEDO. OHI~ Con~ress in its new revenue act more than a million farm families, permits married couples to make separate returns "regardless of state laws, Oleo, A hill to permit the use of oleo in state institutions was killed in the House Agriculture Com- t mittel' . Taxes. Threatened changes in Michigan's tax structure largely failed to materialize. Among these measures were the proposal for a one-mill state pl'operty tax, sub. stitution of the present inheritance tax by an estate tax and a gift tax, and a constitutional amendment Farm BUl'eau Spn-iec~, fnc, eo-operativc, hn'yin~ program to drastically Iiheralize the 15.mill limitation, Althou~h the legiSlawith mall)' other statc co-operative~:eriahles hi~gcl' savillg~, ture did not receive this latter proThese tires aJ'P fil'st linc .il'ps mallufa(:lul'cd to spccifieatiom; posal, favorahly, the Michigan Edufl'om Oll~ of t he largest alld' mos~~!,cpl1tablp tirc conccrm; cation Association Is now circulatin the conntr)'. Ing petitions to place the same langua~e on the November hall~t.' Insurance, Conservation, Bank, ing. A bill was passed to permit insurance companies to invest In the development of housing projects, A search and seizure bill promoted hy conservation interests was enacted. A measure permitting banks to I'emain closed "all day Saturday was finally passed. Fat'lIl tolks will undouhtedly want to use their inP.lus Tax fluence to see to It that their local hanks do not avail themselves of this new privilege, Our np,," Co-op and Unico pas"engcr, ear tire" giw yon new Although for a 7-weeks session milcage, ncw stopping- power, and ilc.\\' rrst ill cvcl'y ride. the accqmplishments were not particul8l' noteworthy, it can he Thril' hl'Oad fiat tread t'ides sqUaI'C to tlw l'Oad. The "saw said that the- outcome might have tooth" tread chpcks bad weat her ski;ls, stops sholt stnlight !teen (ar worse from the rural 011 eYel'Y road, Thcy are real huys, point o( vIew, Things didn't go our way so much, but there are times when no action is much preferable to action which would he exceedingly undesirahle, \ c. D. ,)lcNamee, president of the Fal'm-to-Rrosper group af Farm Bureau and Gl'ange drganizations in the l\fuske~on al'ea. is urgln~ that every farm organization In l\lichigan sponsor a camp-aign, at the suggestion of Governor ::;i~lel'. to sell Michigan to the nation during 1948, "Wll can sell Michigan. hy talkIng Michigan", he said. "To talk Michigan, 'we must know l\f;chiga~ anll the facts about this great state." ' It if!.,hopell that every org:lI\ization will 'take steps to sell l\lichgan to its' own members first. It is suggested that each competing organization hold one meeting on the subject of, ';Know Michigan".: ''The important thing", h~ said, "is to' see that we accept the Governor's, challenge and do a good job." .. , '/IO!!fs~~~~"! ,IT'S BUILT TO LAST a FB ASKS TRUMAN TO INTERVENE IN PACKING STRIKE Flower Arrangement .. -. ..... " , ROY LeME,YERS USE FRANCE AGSTONE- THE- FRANCE STONE _COMPANY .. LE f.arm Burea~ T' R E SSi~ a" Gives You Money- a\ues '. Passenger C~-.. ires T 600.16 - 4 ply-- $1i.25 -, 650x16 - 4 pli-r-~ $13.63 Farmers Likely to Own Oil Deposits (Continued (rom page one) 600x16 Heavy Duty Truck Tires. 6.ply only $17.05 - " Plus Tax CCC 2S-31 lOOT In_tleld. II< Srnoy) lit. Coppn Funltlcld. ......~,p,,' "tIII _.- ., cee 31~ Cop....r Spray tee lSCf. t>OT c..ltl~ SJ>f"2Y CCt: tO~ I)OT (Po .. d.r f~ roach". bedbults.II('~,~IC,) CCC Gardt'ft Rore-nonetee CoP ....' Rot~non. 1I\'L1n: S~ DOT Wall h'nl (I....hom.. 1Ir mnk h_) "'hy not ~et on the road to more profits - - - - follow the Farm Bureau 1948 sprny and dust program. These Ilusts are economically and e"pertly blended and will save you money. Get Your Order In Now With Your Local Farm 221 N. Cedar St. Bureau Dealer ing petroleum products. Under this plan, It is suggested. that the corporation have its own board o( directors and that it be operated under a management contract hy I';.rlll BIII'eau Services. Inc" simlI..r to a lar~e number of co-operaIive organizations at the present time. Dairy cows don't need horns. Dehorning them makes dairying safer for both the dairyman and the animals; The IIC,," Ullico and Co-op tl'lH'k til'ps arc t0If' in til'c enginpel'ing .. T~ng"hcr, Stl'Ollg-CI',eoolPI' I'nllllillg", huilt with rayon cord t'abri('. widCl" fIlltter' trrad, cxtra heavy shoulders with re-eiJ1'ol'ced sidrwalls, g"ive you hig-hest qllality Ht lower co"ts, Get a. ~et today. TAKE ADVANTAGE OF THESE SAVINGS - ............ GET A SE',l' TODAY AT YOUR LOCAL FARM BUREAU OR ~Ot()r TIRE DEALER -~ .. CA O_lA ~!'iEMI~AL. N.tur.' r__ BrltS"e .... "_ ~O., Inc. N, Y. HYLITE C.m~nl Point HYLlT.: W.I~' Puny CCt: JU. Daorro)"n FARM BUREA U SERVICES, INC. Lansing, Michigan FARM BUREAU Petroleum Department SERVICES, Street INC:: . . -- 221 N. Cedar Lansing 4, l\lichigaa ,., .I .SATURDAY, rVlAY 1, 1948 ~~FBF Works for Ne~ ,)',fat'}Farln Program oJ ~;he national farm:. program for many years to come " r c'f be contained in. the Long R'ange Agricultural Pro. ~ '<.m bill S-2318 now qnder !:onsideration by the U.S. ~~: ate committee on agriculture and forestry. Tbe bill was intl~uced in the Senate March I 6 by "~~;1ator Aiken of Vermont. It contains recommenda~ :Jns made by the American Farm Bureau Federation for t , I iodernization of the' farm parity price .formula, re-organi~ ttion of the U. S. Dep't of Agriculture, and decentrali~ ltion of the soil conservation 'prograI:fl. Allen Kline, pres~&~nt of the American Farm Bureau, to the over-all 1910-14 relationship, I would be a sounder approach. If certain PI'Oducts do not receive adequate consideration under this approach. there are a number of othe!' means by which adjustment can he made. The Secretary of Agl'iculture should have authority and he required to exercise this authori. ty to adjust pal'ity prices when they are out of line with parity prices of other commodities ..... In no event shall the price support level be more than 90'/0 of parity, or less than 00'7n of 'parity." The Long Range Agricultural Program hill herore the Senate committee cont.lIins more than 400 sections. PI'esident Kline presented a dozen or more suggestions from the American Farm Dureau hoard of directors for improving the bill. RA'THRUN 'HEADS NAT'L COUNCIL OF FARM CO OPS ' . .. - MICHIGAN FARM NEWS ()ceana Women Give $1100 To Hospitals A fund of $1100 has been raised and given by the women of the Oceana County Farm Bureau tv the Hm.t and Shelhy hospitals to furnish a roOm in each hospital. A cheek for $550 has heen given to t!aeh hosllital. The Shelhy hospital will IIse the fund in its new llfidition, while the Hart Hpsllital will hold its in trust until the new 31ldition i~ built. Both institutions expressed their appreciation to the FanlJ Bureau womcn. AMERICAN DAIRY ASS'N OF MICH. ANNUAL MEETING Owen Richards, manager of American Dairy Association, Chi. cago, announce(1 to 200 dairy leaders assemhled in East Lansing recently for the sixth annual meeting of ADA of I\Iichi~an that their past president, Bernie Beach, from Adl'ian, is now serving on the administrative hOllrd of the ADA as chairman of puhlicity and puhlic r<'lations. . In June dairy farmers in Mich. igan allll throughout the nation will authOl'ize ,theil' dairy plantli to set asille one cent a ponnd on huttel'fat, or its equivalent in milk, for advertising and other dairy ,.;ales Ilromotion hy the American Dairy ARs'n. MI'. Ri(!hanls prellicted a prom is. in/.; futurc fOI' the dairy farmer, The chances are that ice cl'eam may reach out anll take the lead away from hutter as the hasic com. uHHlity of the Ila.iry industry. "Ice eream," saill :vir. Richards. "is just heginning to find itseH. The hest read food a(!\'ertisements today are for ice cream." !\Jr. Richards said that it is 'lvery dairyman's duty to slap down the oleo industry's campaign to duck the 10 cents pel' Jlound feli.~1'U1 tax on oleo colored to reRemhle hutter. Govetnor Sigler urgell that "Hchigan he made. known throughout the nation for her dairy products. "Advertising", said Mr. Si~ler, "Hets the philosophy of the Jleople on the 11I'oclucts within a State:' One has only to tl'avel within this eountry to realize that a sbte is known hy the products which she ad vert iZes. Bruce Clothiel', Xorth Branch, was clccted JlI'esident of ADA for :'Ilichi~an. "II'. Ciothier, a master farmer, ,'ice president of the Michigan :\Iilk Producers Ass'n., ancl a state senator, succeecls Xeal Lamoreaux of Comstock Pal'k. :'III'. LamOJ'eallx will continue on the hoard of directors. Frell Walker, Carson City was electell vice president. John B. Stran/.;e, treasurer, ancI Chas. E. Stone. secretary.manager. were hoth re-elected to the offices which they have held since the ori~in of t.he ADA in Michigan six years ago. 54 Barry Members Visit Governor Sigler I FIV~ . ")0. . , Henry H. Rathbun of New Hartford, N. Y., preslden t of the 27,000.. members Dairymen's League Co~p. erallve Association, is the new president of the National Council of Farmer Co.operatives. He succeeds Quentin Reynolds, general manager of Eastern States Farmers Exchange, West Springfield, Mass., as head of the Council, in which more than 2,000,000 American farmers are represented. I 1 ~esented the Farm Bureau's po;ition to the Senate com-FARM r.. ittee April 13, Mr. Kline said, in pa,rt: "The proposed legislation provides the .basis for a , s )und~'prodgrp.~ for' Afmeri1can lagricultbure. Thhe bill does r.:>t Iscar eXIsting. arm egis atiqn, ut rat er attempts t I improve it. This is sound procedU:re. The bill also I .. PROGRAM STANDS WELL IN U. S. SENATE Ry lV. (;Ot;,llo~1 [,r:ith, Council Farmer Co-operafit;r:.v WEED KILLER IN CORN NEEDS CARE Fifty-foul' members of the BaITY I Count). Farm Bureau, which tour. ed Lansing the early part of April met Governor Kim Sigler, State Senator Harold Trill]l and Representative Homer Bauer. as well as attending a session of the, Senate ancI Jlal'l of the session in the 1.louse. Norman Stanton, I,'anll Bureau relll'esentative fOI' District 4, and Albert Shellenharl{er, prt!sldent of the Bany County Farm Bureau and din!ctol' of the Michigan Fm'm Bureau, conducted the tour. Cleaner. ':Cows' . J ::;,.., ,,;... ;"!t""';.... .:;.;.~.:~\ ..~.... ~'i <le,ss{~babor ARE YOU OLD .cd.'PAvi D!~":';;~ NcitfrE. :;'; ""B~R'NV:ARh~: < .. ' ~ . 4 .,",' ..!"witlz , ENOUGH TO REME~IBER THIS? \ 0.;"'\ ~ .. " .... - ""I Nat'! .V H. tt. RATHBUN troversy. This pattern was followed on April 14, when John H. DavHath s'1ggestions involv<fiij),provements.' is, executive ~ecretary of the Na- '1' \ bun was elected at the i Countl CI s 19 I annual convention n Chi R ~organization .of U.s,~:p~ep't of. , - I tional Council of Farmer Co.opera. ca 0 earl in Januar. Harr J. ~ g '. y y /> r culture. For severa(:yB:rs the ington, administerIng agncult~ral tlves, trstified hefol'e the senate BeerDlnk, y Seattle, Wash., general A nerican Farm Bureau ..ll1iit:fOught programs, t?rougho~t the Ulllted agriculture committee on S. 2::18, manager of the \Vashington Co-opat gl essively" for reorganization and States. It .I~ essentIal. to have the the \Jong-rallge farm hill. era t.Ive F'armel's A'ssocla t'lon, an d c, ollination Qf many of; the drtpli- safeguard or decentmhzed. c.ont~ol, Davis, in 'the course of his test- F. V. Heinlcel, Columbia, 1\10.,presCl tillg servic offered by the De- with the maximum partlcl~atlOn imony, referred to co-operatives as ident J\llssou i Farmer Associa:p: rt ment- of Agricultur~ .. '~e~}I'gani- by f~rmers and. local' commlttee.s. effective tools with respect to tion, 'were nar::ed vice pr:s1dents. Zl ti<1I1 of the Dellartment IS a pre5011 Conservation AC,t. The Inll building hetter markets OJ' improv. One of the pioneer members of n ~l"isite to satisfactory. administraextends until Dec. 31, 1952 the per-I ing lluality or reducing the cost the Dairymen's League, Rathbun ti III of an agricultural program. iod .during which the ~e~retary of, of farm supplies. This touche,1 it has been a director for the past 21 . Agnculture may admllllster the off. The reaction was good, how- years and its president for the past paYllJent provisions of the Soil, ever, in that the Senators on the three years. Conserv.ation and Domestic AlIot- Agriculture committee are well Mr. Hathhun operates a 1,000ment act to allow further opportu- aware of the valuahle work heing acre dairy and poultry farm in nity for the passage of state legis- done hy co-ops. partnership with a 60n, Henry H. lation llroviding for state adminisSenator Thye (R. :'Ilinn.) gave Rathbun, Jr., aUll a son-In-law, A. tration of this program. this simple description of a co-oper- F. Roberts. The dairy herd conThe American Farm Bureau po- ative. "Here is a cluh that is sists of 200 purebred Holsteins. sition is that this authority should banded together, just the same as A native of Las Vegas, N. M., and he extended for a one year period. the fingers on my hand. They are a graduate of Purdue university. It is also the position of the Ameri- all agreed to a. certain fundamental Mr. Rathbun has lived in New York can Farm' Bureau that agricultural plan ... It is nothing more 01' less state for the past 30 years. Ilayments should be administered than the partners agreeillg to what At Purdue university, he worlced on a grant-in-aid basis, with grants they are going to do." through one summer vacation as from the federal governmellt to the Senator Lucas (D: III.) who man4ger of the college dairy farm sevei'al states. This new legislatioll should encourage g.-.ant-in-aid opened the discussion hy asking and another as manager of the colprograms at the earliest possible 1\11'.Davis if he could explain the loge poultry farm. date." basis. for the attack on farmer coDy 1914, Rathbun bad saved said, "I want to say $5,000. He was contemplating purFarm Parity Price Forl7lJ;lla. In. operatives, introducing this bill, Senator Aik- that the co-operatives of my section chase of an Indiana fa.rm when a en stated with refel'ence to the of the coulltry are very valuahle banker friend advised him to buy Agr'l Adjustment Act. "The bill pro- institutions, in so far as fanners a dairy farm In New York state. vides a new parity' formula, using are concemed, and the public as a ALL<tN KI~L'nj the latest 10-year period as a hase. whole is concerned, it seems to 'Ve have consistently nlaintained hut also leaving ill the bill the me." , th:.t the educational features l?f the right to use the old base periOd as Senator Aiken (R. Vt.) in disIlI'( gram should he handred by the an alternative. This is because of cussing patronage refunds said, I la! d.. grant agricultural. -Colleges, the fear expressed by some th'at "You have the ~me thing in the -which qVt!r a period of time have adoptiOltof a new base period would '\:ase o! the Felleral ReHerve Bank -j:ll'"v ..d their. d9\lendahility and .be harmful to cotton and tobacco and its members. The earnings capability of serving the American growers. Therefore, we hal'e left of the Federal Resene Bank are By FRED lV. ROTH fal mer. Sume of the more recently J both provisions in the bill so as to not taxed before hein~ distl'ihutell M sa Fa,'m Safety Engineer est~blished agricultural ~I?encles prOVide for full discussion of this to their members. whatevel' is comRememberIng a few sImple rules ar. duplicating st!rvices in the edU., subject in the committee hearings." rug back to them; but the memhers when you go into the woods may < c'~,,.)",",_,II"l'~, ',' '.~ President Kline said to the com- th I tl t f I .. , ~ emse ves pay te axes a tel' t ley prevent a serious Injury or even We have Iilcewbe maintained' mittee:, get it." save your life. Hilt the admiu!stratiou ;t' glJv"..n-, ..It is unwise to adopt a dual Sentiment In the Senate commit1. Avoid going Into the WOOd3 mU,l jlrugran,s be 11l:.~enfl'aIJzed. parity suc.h as contained at present tee is strong for the passage of a on windy days. ''\. f"ar a highly eentralized JlIlreau- I in this bill. The adoptioll of the long-range farm hill at this session 2. Have all tools In good repair; en IlY '\1tll lIean<tll"rl~1s ,oil!' "'ash- - ten year movinl;' average, adjusted _________________ of Congress. Senator Aiken, in par- bandIes tight, cuting edges sharp --...... -------------~~~~~---~~~~ ticular, is fearful that an extension and heads of wedges dressed to preof the Steagall Amendment will vent flying splinters of steel. " lead us into serious difficulties. 3. Use axes in such a way so The !eeling .is not quite as strong they cannot hit you and make cer. in the House, in that Rep. Hope, taln that helpers are a salo disChairman of the I.louse Agricul- 'lance .. ' The Insurance Department of tha Michigan State Farm Bureau tural Committee. on April 15 intro- I 4. Keep a sharp lookout for has many openings for agents to repre~ent the State Farm duced a hill to extend the govern- loose hranches (widow makers) mcnt's price support prOl;'ram for which may come crashing down. Insurance Companies In MIchigan. We would appreciate hearing another year just in case the' en5. Clear the area of brush and' trom any o~ our J\l,lchlgan Farm News readers It they are Interactment of a long-range bill bo~s branches before starting to feU a ested in talking the prop.osItion over with one of our managen. down. tree. It would be very helpfui to us It any of our readen would BugTestimony on the Senat~ hill G. When the tree starts to fall, Gest the names of likely agent prospects In their nearby cltles was presented this week by the move away and. watch out ror end towns. The remuner2.t-lon 10 good. This Is a llartic::lar17 Depal'tment of Agriculture and the branches which may fly back. good time to zrert. =):ddra:J8 your lnQ:l1r7 to major farm OJ'ganizations. 7. Don't over-estimate your 1 :\Iost witnesses stressed the need strength, or put yourselt In pOSIfor parity revision and favored a tion where a log may roll over you. INSURANCE DEP'T MICHIGAN STATE FARM BUREAU parity price formula hased on a 108. Keep circular saws guarded 221 North Cedar St . P. O. ,Box 960 Lanllng, Michigan yeal' ~lOving aye rage. Sentiment as much as possible. I was strong for the inclusion of a hill this year' as cOlllllrehenHive wage rates. Also it was pointed out as this one aPllcars doubtful. Very that, a long-range farm program Iikely a~ricul tll ral legislation will should include more than the sev- talw the forlll of a numher of hiliH en commodities. 'Vhat the final on \'a1'ious suhjccts, sllch as farm outcome will he is anyone's ~uess. credit, conservation, and price. At the present time agreement on supports over the next year or two. . F :ovides for the cre~tion of administrative machinery hich in many respects is better than that we now have. ,-> .... 1"The American F ai'm Bureau Federation supports t Ie h 1sic concepts of th:f~1>illwith certain modifications. Our To fnention farmer co-operatives hefore a Congressional committee these days usually hrings an immediate discussion of the tax con. - SAFETY RULES FOR FARM Some scatterell success stories on savin~ weedy corn fields last sumIller hy s]lmyinl{ with 2,4-]) have caused sOllie fanners to helieve they may he ahle to /.;row a crop wit.hout cnltivating or hoein~. That lIlay someday he true, hut. it isn't here yet. ExperimentH r.onduetcd at "lichigan Slate coIlcl{e in I!H7 Hhowed that hoth ]Ire-emerl{ence a1111postellwrg-ence tl'eatmellt could hring ,re~mlts. I) .. !' II '" "1 ] I C I IS. ' ..f tI "II II IY anIff . ~. JS fI t amn~r 0 Ie co el{e s a a/.;ree that tanners may want to make . some fwld tesls on hoth pre-emergence and.. IloHt'emel'~ence treat, . lIIents of lIeld corn. I,ut they ~hll1k that the fanner who treat:; his eIltire field ~vith little or no attCl~ti.llll to the sO/I, telllpemture, humllhty alll~ ~ther c:onl...