Chapter 1 lecture - Health and Welfare Policy for the 21 st...

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Unformatted text preview: Health and Welfare Policy for the 21 st Century Jacqueline L. Angel, Ph.D. Professor of Sociology and Public Affairs Office Hours: Tuesday, 2 3 pm, Burdine 320; Thursday 2 3 pm, SRH 3.217 and by appointment E-mail: jangel@mail.utexas.edu Phone: 471.2956 Chapter 1- Overview Author: Global Inequality and Human Needs by Laurie Wermuth Thinking Socially About Health What is a Healthy Society? Longer life expectancy Less childhood and early adulthood disease Fewer years of disability Source: World Health Statistics (2006) World Health Organisation Life expectancy at birth, by region 35 40 45 50 55 60 65 70 75 80 1950- 1955 1955- 1960 1960- 1965 1965- 1970 1970- 1975 1975- 1980 1980- 1985 1985- 1990 1990- 1995 1995- 2000 More developed regions Less developed regions Source: World Health Organization. Note unlike GDP, longevity is converging. Population Structures by Age and Sex, 2005 Millions 300 100 100 300 300 200 100 100 200 300 Less Developed Regions More Developed Regions Male Female Male Female 80+ 75-79 70-74 65-69 60-64 55-59 50-54 45-49 40-44 35-39 30-34 25-29 20-24 15-19 10-14 5-9 0-4 Age Source: United Nations, World Population Prospects: The 2004 Revision , 2005. Age Distribution of the Worlds Population Americans Are Living Longer Than When Social Security Began 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 61 70 76 Life Expectancy at Birth 1935 1965 1995 78 2025 Source: Bipartisan Commission On Entitlement And Tax Reform, 1995 Main causes of death in USA and Africa Rank USA % of deaths Africa % of deaths 1 Heart disease 28.5 HIV/AIDS 20.4 2 Cancer 22.8 Malaria 10.1 3 Stroke 6.7 Respiratory diseases 9.8 4 Respiratory diseases 5.0 Diarrhoeal diseases 6.5 5 Accidents 4.3 Perinatal conditions 5.1 Adults 18 and Over Four of the 10 leading causes of disability in the United States: major depression bipolar disorder schizophrenia obsessive-compulsive disorder Major depressive disorder is the leading cause of disability in the U.S. Sources: The Global Burden of Disease, Harvard School of Public Health, 1996 and Mental Health: A report of the Surgeon General, 1999 Copyright restrictions may apply. Harper, S. et al. JAMA 2007;0:297.11.1224-1232. Life Expectancy at Birth Among Black and White Males and Females in the United States and the Black- White Life Expectancy Gap, 1975-2003 Source: Harper et al. (2007). Trends in the Black-White Life Expectancy Gap in the United States, 1983-2003 , Thinking Socially About Health Thinking of health in group(s) as opposed to individualistic terms Public health interventions have not addressed social aspects of health Centers for Disease Control & Prevention use race to measure social group differences instead of social class Social Networks, Social Isolation, & Health Individualistic notion of health overlooks human social needs Social factors affect health positively and negatively...
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This note was uploaded on 03/20/2008 for the course SOC 308 taught by Professor Kurtz during the Fall '07 term at University of Texas at Austin.

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Chapter 1 lecture - Health and Welfare Policy for the 21 st...

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