English Grammar Midterm Flashcards

English Grammar Midterm Flashcards - Term Definition...

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Term: Agreement Definition: Correspondence of number, person, gender, or case between words. Term: colon Definition: Use a _____ between numerals indicating hours and minutes. Term: Case Definition: The grammatical relationship of nouns and pronouns to other words in a sentence; sometimes signaled by inflections (e.g the possesive forms of nouns and pronouns; the subject and object case forms of pronouns). Term: Compartative Definition: Degree expressed for adjectives and adverbs by using more or [-er] (more beautiful; happier)
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Term: semicolon Definition: Use a _________ before a conjunctive adverb that joins the clauses of a compound sentence. Term: quotation marks Definition: In dialogue, whenever the speaker changes, begin a new paragraph and use a separate set of ______ _______. Term: outside Definition: Put a question mark or exclamation point ______ quotation marks if the sentence states a question or the exclamatory remark contains a quotation. hint/example: Have you ever read the mystery story "The Gold Bug"? Term: Clause Definition: A sequence of words containing a subject and a predicate; may be dependent or independent).
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Term: Compound Sentence Definition: A sentence containing two or more independent clauses (He insulted me [independent clause] and then he left the room [independent clause]) Term: Black English Venacular Definition: See African American Venacular English Term: Base Definition: The morpheme that contains the basic meaning of a word (also called a root or stem). A derivational affix can be attached to the base to create new words (rebuild, government); and inflectional morpheme can be attached to supply grammatical information (rebuilding, governments). Term: Adjective Phrase Definition: As a sentence constituent, an Adjective (feels lonely) or any group of words that can substitute for an adjective (feels like a motherless child).
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Term: comma Definition: Use a ______ whenever the reader might otherwise be confused. (ex: After the war *type of punctuation here* veterans paraded down Main Street.) Term: commas Definition:
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