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PA Unit 3 Exam

PA Unit 3 Exam - Term Definition Opaque marks using...

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Term: Opaque marks Definition: using correction fluid or some other type of opaquing material, the information that needs to be changed, such as the name and the age, is covered up. Then new data is entered. Term: Trash marks Definition: vestiges of the original data that the forger failed to remove. These will appear as unnatural marks in the data box fields. Term: Altered Genuine Documents Definition: Genuine documents that have had the photograph substituted or altered and/or other information on the document changed to better fit the presenter's appearance. Term: Counterfeit Documents Definition: Entirely forged documents that were never actually issued by a government authority.
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Term: Genuine Documents Obtained Fraudulently Definition: Genuine documents that were acquired by the presenter through false pretenses or by using other fraudulent documents. Term: Four steps in the documents identification process Definition: 1) Determine if the doc is genuine or counterfeit. 2 Look for impostors. 3) Look for alterations. 4) If you still suspect fraud, continue to question the individual. Term: Commercial printers Definition: Use a four-color separation process to print. The eye blends the colors into the colors of the rainbow. Term: Ink-jet printers Definition: spray the colors onto the paper surface, so close examination often reveals excess dots of color and evidence of bleeding around the edges of the characters
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Term: Laser printers Definition: work with static electricity, with the laser drawing the designs. Term: Toner printers Definition: often show an orderly pattern of dots in horizontal, vertical or diagonal rows. Term: Watermarks Definition: an impression made on a page at the time of manufacturing Term: Pre-printed certificates Definition: Information is placed in the document by the manufacturer Term: Security features less difficult to reproduce Definition: Ultraviolet inks, micro printing, intaglio printing
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Term: 3 categories of facial shapes Definition: Oval, square, and round. Term: 5 parts of the nose Definition: Bridge, nose (ball), septum, left and right nostril wings Term: Page substitution Definition: Biographical data and photo pages containing new identities are the most frequently substituted pages. Use transmitted light to detect. Term: Breeder documents Definition: fraudulent documents used to fraudulently obtain legitimate passports and other documents. The most common types of breeder documents are birth certificates and naturalization certificates.
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Term: What types of questions would you ask to determine if a suspect is an imposter? Definition: Personal knowledge, everyday life questions, avoid technical questions. Term: Obtaining Personal Information Definition: o Check the Central Index System (CIS) o Check the National Crime Information Center (NCIC) Term: Verifying U.S. Birth Certificate Information Definition: o El Paso Intelligence Center o Vital Records Office. The Vital Records Office can sometimes provide the sex, dates of birth and names of siblings.
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