Chapter 1

Chapter 1 - Term Definition Define Dehydration Synthethis...

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Term: Define Dehydration Synthethis Definition: Removes equivalent of a water molecule to link molecular units. Requires energy. Builds macromolecules from smaller subunits. Opposite of Hydrolysis. Term: Define polysaccharides. Name 3 then define them. Definition: Thousands of monosaccharides joined in linear and/or branched chains. -Starch: Made in plants; stores energy -Glycogen: Made in animals; stores energy -Cellulose: indigestible; made in plants for structural support. Term: Are Lipids insoluable/soluable? Definition: fat-soluable molecule. insoluable in water Term: What are three important classes of Lipids? Define them. Definition: Triglycerides: energy storage molecules Phospholipids: cell membrane molecules Steriods: carbon-based ring structures
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Term: Define Proteins Definition: Complex structures of constructed of amino acids Term: Describe primary and secondary structure of protein Definition: Primary: -amino acid sequence -stabalized peptide bonds Secondary: -Alpha helix -Beta plated sheets
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