Psych 221

Psych 221 - Term Definition Jane Elliot Teacher blue eye vs...

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Term: Jane Elliot Definition: Teacher - blue eye vs. brown eye discrimination project Term: Social perception Definition: The process through which individuals form impressions of others and interpret information about them. Ex: expensive car = lots of money Term: Social influences Definition: The process through which other people affect an individuals thoughts or actions. Ex: parent is a doctor so son becomes a doctor Term: Social facilitation Definition: The enhancement of a well learned performance when another person is present. Ex: partner tests
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Term: Social loafing Definition: A phenomenon that occurs when individuals make less of an effort when attempting to achieve a particular goal as a groups than they would if they were attempting to achieve the goal on their own. Ex: tug o war Term: First books on social psych Definition: Social psychology and intro to social psychology Term: SPSSI Definition: Society for the psychological study of social issues Term: Basic Definition: The fundamental ideas behind behavior and cognitive processes
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Term: Applied Definition: Use of the ideas of social psychology to address issues in other fields Term: Individualistic cultures Definition: Focus oh independent individuals Term: Collectivist cultures Definition: Emphasize the individual in relation to his or her connectedness to those surrounding him or her Term: Sociocultural perspective Definition: Focuses on the relationship between social behavior and culture Term: Evolutionary perspective Definition: Focuses in the physical and biological predispositions that result in human survival
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Term: Natural selection Definition: Process by which individuals with certain characteristics are more frequently represented in subsequent generations as the result of being better adopted for the environment Term: Social cognitive perspective Definition: Perspective that builds on behavioral theories and demonstrates that an individuals cognitive process influences and is influenced by behavioral associations Term: Social learning perspective Definition: Perspective that stressed the particular power of mean ring through social reinforcements and punishments Term: Confederates Definition: Individuals who are part of the research team and are placed in the experiment to play a particular role
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Term: Hindsight bias Definition: The tendency to think that one knew that something would occur all along Term: False consensus effect Definition: A phenomenon that causes individuals to assume that everyone shares the same opinion they do Term: Differential construal Definition: The act of judging circumstances differently Term: Confirmation bias Definition: The tendency to notice info that confirms ones beliefs and to ignore information that disconfirm a ones beliefs Term: Scientific method Definition: An approach to thinking that involves using systematic observations, measurements, and experiments to assess information
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Term: Theory Definition: General framework for understanding a concept that allows us to describe,
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