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Section I Unit II Theory Objectives

Section I Unit II Theory Objectives - Term Definition...

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Term: Discuss the relationship between, activity, exercise and a client's general health. Definition: Physical deconditioning contributes to fatigue and impaired health. Long-term deconditioning contributes to a higher risk of chronic illnesses, such as diabetes and cardiovascular disease. Exercises improves physical fitness, and has the potential to improve other factors, such as quality of life and fatigue. Term: Describe and recommend health-promotion activities. Definition: 1) Isotonic Exercise, Involves muscle shortening and active movement e.g. ADLs, ROM exercises, walking, swimming 2) Isometric Exercise, Involves muscle contraction without shortening e.g. Contracting the quad and gluteal muscles 3) Isokinetic Exercise, involves muscle contractions with resistance e.g. Lifting weights Term: Describe major principles of body mechanics Definition: Broad base of support - feet are shoulder width apart, and hips flexed, Lower back straight (maintain natural curve of spine), Use leg muscles, Hold object close to body, Minimize twisting - face direction of movement, Use smooth motion
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Term: Discuss age related changes to consider when assessing a client's activity and mobility status. Definition: Infant - spine and musculoskeletal system are flexible; Toddler - posture is awkward; Preschool through adolescence - MS system continues to develop; Young to Middle Age Adult - healthy adult has the necessary musculoskeletal development and coordination to carry out activities of daily living (ADL's); Older Adult - progressive loss of total bone mass; may walk more slowly and appear less coordinate. May take smaller steps, keeping feet closer together resulting in a decrease in the base of support.
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