Pediatric Board Study

Pediatric Board Study - Term Definition Introducing solid...

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Term: Introducing solid foods to an infant less than 6 months old, increases the risk of _________________. Definition: having GI illnesses. Term: Acute liver failure is when ___________________. Definition: liver function decreases in the weeks to months after being diagnosed with liver disease Term: Stage 1 encephalopathy means that the _______________ is disturbed. Definition: sleep cycle Term: Stage 2 encephalopathy means that there is a sleep ccle disturbance and ________________. Definition: drowsiness Term: A patient with liver disease, worsening liver synthetic function tests, need what 3 things immediately? Definition: 1. ICU admission 2. Metabolic support 3. Liver transplant consulation
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Term: What are the 3 liver synthetic function tests? Definition: 1. Glucose 2. Albumin 3. Coagulation panel Term: In a patient with liver failure, what are the 2 risk factors for death and/or the need for liver transplantation? Definition: 1. Encephalopathy 2. Coagulopathy Term: A patient with stage 2 encephalopathy and a coagulopathy, needs what intervention immediately? Definition: Liver transplant consultation Term: Kids with Sturge-Weber have 3 neuro-opthalmologic findings. They are ____________________. Definition: 1. Vascular malformation of choroid of eye associated with GLAUCOMA 2. IL CNS malformation of leptomeningeal vessels 3. Dermal cpillary malformation of ophthalmic (V1) and maxillary (V2) branches of the trigeminal nerve
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Term: Kids with Sturge-Weber may present with ______________. Definition: 1. Port-wine stain 2. Seizures 3. DD 4. LD 5. Intell. disability Term: All kids with a port-wine stain need an evaluation by an ______________ and also need __________________. Definition: Ophthalmologist Neuroimaging Term: The clinical triad of congenital glaucoma is ______________________________. Definition: 1. Photophobia 2. Epiphora 3. Blepharospasm Term: Congenital glaucoma is associated with the following 4 diagnosis: _______________________________ ____________. Definition: 1. Sturge-Weber 2. Rubella Syndrome 3. Lowe's Syndrome 4. Axenfeld-Rieger Anomaly Term: Aniridia can be associated with ____________ tumor. Definition: Wilm's tumor
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Term: Neonatal cataracts are associated with ______________, _____________, ________________, _____________, and ________________. Definition: viral syndromes inborn errors of metabolism genetic diseases trauma others Term: Coloboma can be isolated or affiliated with _____________________ syndrome or __________________ syndrome. Definition: CHARGE Cat-eye syndrome Term: HCCM has 3 cardiac findings on echo. They are _______________________________ __. Definition: 1. Mitral regurgitation 2. Obstruction of bood flow from narrowed LV outflow tract 3. Diastolic dysfunction Term: The murmur is aortic stenosis is _________________________. Definition: SEM at LMS border and radiates to R infraclavicular area Term: Arthrogryposis is a clinical description that means _______________________________ __________________. Definition: Congenital contractures of 2 or more different areas of the body
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Term: The 3 pre- and peri-natal findings associated with arthrogryposis are _______________________________ . Definition: 1. Short umbilical cord 2. Polyhydraminos 3. Decreased fetal movement Term: To diagnose genital chlamydia or gonorrhea via NAATs testing, what are the appropriate samples?
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