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Classical Conversations - Logic 1 Terms and Definitions

# Classical Conversations - Logic 1 Terms and Definitions

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Term: 2 Main Branches of Logic Definition: Formal and Informal Term: Logic Definition: The science and art of reasoning well. Term: Informal Logic Definition: Deals with operations of thinking that are indirectly related to reasoning. Term: Formal Logic Definition: Deals with the proper modes of reasoning. Term: 2 Main Branches of Formal Logic Definition: Induction and Deduction

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Term: Induction Definition: Reasoning with probability from examples or experience to general rules. Term: Deduction Definition: Reasoning with certainty from premises to conclusions Term: Two main branches of DEDUCTION Definition: Categorical Logic and Propositional Logic Term: Syllogism Definition: A type of deduction argument in which the conclusion connects one category (or term) with another.
Term: Tree of logic Definition: Logic __________________|____________ _______ | | Informal Logic Formal Logic ___________|____________ ______|______ | | | | | Terms Statements Informal Deduction Induction Fallacies | ___________________|________ | | Categorical Logic Propositional Logic Term: Law of Excluded Middles Definition: Any statement is either true or false.

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