AP European History Unit 1

AP European History Unit 1 - Term Definition Duchy of Milan...

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Term: Duchy of Milan and Kingdom of Naples Definition: Two of the five major competitive states in Italy Term: Republic of Florence Definition: Another of the five major competitive states in Italy. The most striking example of social division and anarchy during the Renaissance. Term: Republic of Venice Definition: Another of the five competitive states in Italy. It's a port city ruled by a merchant oligarchy. Term: Papal States Definition: Home to Rome and the military base of the Catholic Church. It is another of the five competitive states in Italy. Term: Popolo Definition: Italian for people.
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Term: Ciompi Revolt Definition: An uprising of the poor in Florence. They gained power over Florence for four years. Term: Cosimio de Medici Definition: Wealthiest Florentine and a natural statesman who controlled the city behind the scenes Term: Signoria Definition: A council that governed Florence. It governed with the Medici's. Term: Lorenza de Medici Definition: Grandson of Cosimio, and he ruled Florence in an almost totalitarian fashion Term: Condottieri Definition: Military brokers who furnished mercenary forces to the Italian states during the Renaissance.
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Term: Humanism Definition: Philosophy stressing the importance of human kind, individualism, and secular values. It advocated the studia humanitatis which is a liberal arts program which enhanced grammar, rhetoric, poetry, history, philosophy, and politics. Term: Petrarch Definition: Father of Humanism. His most famous works were actually sonnets. Term: Aristotle Definition: Ancient Greek Philosopher who supported Scholasticism Term: Scholasticism Definition: A method of critical thought which dominated teaching by the academics of universities between 1100-1500
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Term: Liberal Arts Definition: Subjects or skills that in classical times were considered essential for a free person to know in order to participate in civic life. Term: Dante Alighieri Definition: A humanist, and the author of the Divine Comedy. Term: Giovanni Boccaccio Definition: A student and friend of Petrarch. The humanist writer of Decameron Term: Quintilian Definition: A Roman Orator who wrote Education of the Orator.
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Term: Baldassare Castiglione Definition: A humanist who wrote a novel showing that rediscovered knowledge of the past is both a model and challenge to modern society. The book embodies the highest ideals of Italian humanists. He called for a strong leader to unify the Italian city-states. Term: Christine de Pisan Definition: An Italian born daughter of the physician and astrologer of French King Charles V. As a privileged, educated noble woman, she promoted the new education and culture at royal courts. She was considered by many to be the first feminist. Term: Pico della Mirandolla Definition: Helped support the Florentine Platonic Academy Term: Lorenza Valla Definition: Author of the standard Renaissance text on Latin philosophy. Writer of an expose of Donation which Protestants used against the Church. Valla was only proving with evidence that it was a fake.
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Term: Donation of Constantine Definition:
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