Chapter 1 Introduction to Respiratory Care Pharmacology

Chapter 1 Introduction to Respiratory Care Pharmacology -...

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Term: Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) Definition: Respiratory disorder characterized by respiratory insufficiency that may occur as a result of trauma, pneumonia, oxygen toxicity, gram-negative sepsis, and systemic inflammatory response. Term: Aerosolized agents Definition: Group of aerosol drugs for pulmonary application that includes adrenergic, anticholinergic, mucoative, corticosteroid, antiasthmatic, and antiinefective agents and surfactants instilled directly into the trachea. Term: Airway resistance (R aw) Definition: Measures of the impedance to ventilation caused by the movement of gas through the airway. Term: Brand name Definition: see trade name
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Term: Chemical name Definition: name indicating the chemical structure of a drug. Term: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) Definition: Disease process characterized by airflow limitation that is not fully reversible, is usually progressive, and is associated with an abnormal inflammatory response of the lung to noxious particles or gases. Disease that cause airflow limitation include chronic bronchitis, emphysema, asthma, and bronchiectasis.
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