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Neuro Science Chapter 2

Neuro Science Chapter 2 - Term Definition Lhermitte's sign...

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Term: Lhermitte's sign Definition: abrupt electric-like shock traveling down the spine upon flexion of the head Term: Neuron Definition: electrically excitable nerve cell of the nervous system Term: function of neurons Definition: receive information from body cells, process it & generate output Term: soma Definition: cell body of the neuron Term: nucleus Definition: control center; contains the neuron's genetic material, directs the metabolic activity of the neuron
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Term: mitochondria Definition: convert nutrients into an energy source the neuron can use; i.e., synthesize adenosine triphosphate (ATP) Term: rough endoplasmic reticulum Definition: synthesizes & transports proteins. Term: Smooth endoplasmic reticulum Definition: synthesizes and transports lipids Term: golgi aparatus Definition: packages neurotransmitter Term: dendrites Definition: main input units for the cell
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Term: axons Definition: output units for the cell; sends output
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