Poetry and Literary Terms - Term Definition Metaphor...

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Term: Metaphor Definition: Comparison Term: sonnet Definition: fourteen line poem Term: enjambment Definition: a run-on line Term: Hyperbole Definition: and over exaggerated statement Term: sibilance Definition: repetition of "s" sound
Term: contrast Definition: point out the differences Term: personification Definition: giving human characteristics to non-human subjects Term: couplet Definition: two lines of rhyming poetry Term: meter Definition: repetition of a rhythmical patter Term: simile Definition: An explicit comparison between two things by using the words "like," "as," "than," "appears," or "seems."
Term: narrative poetry Definition: verse that tells a story Term: denotation Definition: the dictonary meaning of a word Term: Haiku Definition: capture a moment; intensity focus on concrete, real world, not abstract thoughts involve nature ans suggest a season nature and observer are one Term: consonance Definition: correspondence of sounds; harmony of sounds - accord or agreement Term: rhyme scheme Definition: pattern of rhyme in poem
Term: tone Definition: the speaker's attitude toward his subject Term: Formal Diction Definition: Complex grammatically proper, and often polysyllabic language in writing. It sounds grandiloquent--a fomal word--and tends not to resemble the sort of talk heard in daily life. Term: monologue Definition: a long speech by one person Term: Rhetoric Definition: The undue use of exaggeration or display OR the ability to use language effectivley
Term: Symbol Definition: Something used for or regarded as representing something else; a material object representing something, often something immaterial; emblem, token, or sign. Term: Internal rhyme Definition: words that rhyme located within lines Term: litotes Definition: an understatement and is achieved by saying the opposite of what one means or by making an affirmation by stating the fact in the negative. It can be considered the opposite of hyperbole - to call a fat boy skinny; a slow boy speedy Term: Dialogue Definition: what characters are saying to each other; direct quotes
Term: Exact rhyme Definition: identical rhyme between two words (feature/creature) Term: Foreshadowing = Definition: hints of what is to come Term: apostrophe Definition: the rhetorical addressing of a usually absent person or thing Term: ellipsis Definition: omission or suppression of parts of words or sentences illustrated by "..." Term: understatement Definition: stating an idea with restraint to emphasize what is being talked about
Term: repetition Definition: deliberate use of a word or phrase again and again Term: Rising Rising action/climax/falling action Definition: Rising Action-the basic internal conflict is complicated by the introduction of related secondary conflicts. Climax- turning point, which marks a change, for the better or the worse, in the protagonist's affairs.

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