US Gov't

US Gov't - Term Definition politics"who gets what when and...

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Term: politics Definition: "who gets what, when, and how" Term: power Definition: the ability to get other people to do what you want them to do Term: social order Definition: process through which we try to arrange our collective lives Term: legitimate Definition: accepted as "right" Term: government Definition: a system of organization for exercising authority over a body of people
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Term: authority Definition: power that citizens view as legitimate --- to which we have implicitly consented Term: rules Definition: "how"----- how resources are allocated and how collective action takes place (how we try to get the things we want) Term: institutions Definition: "where" ---- the organizations where governmental power is exercised Term: economics Definition: the production and distribution of society's wealth --- material goods and services
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Term: capitalist economy Definition: all the means that are used to produce material resources are privately owned, and decisions about production and distribution are left to individuals operating through the free-market process Term: regulated capitalism Definition: (system of the US) --- maintains a capitalist economy with individual freedom from government interference Term: procedural guarantees Definition: government regulation of the economy that ensures that the rules will work smoothly and fairly Term: socialist economy Definition: when economic decisions are made not by individuals through the market but rather by politicians, based on their judgement of what society needs (ex. former Soviet Union)
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Term: substantive guarantees Definition: government assurance of particular outcomes or results Term: social democracy Definition: a hybrid system combining a capitalist economy and a government that support equality Term: authoritarian government Definition: gives ultimate power to the state rather than to the people to decide how they ought to live their lives (ex. dictatorship or monarchy) Term: totalitarian Definition: a system combining an authoritarian government with a socialist economy (can exercise its power over every part of society) Term: authoritarian capitalism Definition: a system in which the state allows people economic freedom, but maintains stringent social regulations to limit noneconomic behavior
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Term: anarchy Definition: extreme form of non authoritarianism that would do away with government and laws altogether Term: democracy Definition: government is the people... voice of the citizens... not external (like in authoritarian systems) Term: elite democracy (theory) Definition: theory that democracy is only a system of choosing among competing leaders... input ends for average citizens after leader is chosen... (also that actual political decisions are not always made by elected officials but more by big business elite) (elections are merely symbolic) (people think they have a say --- false) Term: pluralist democracy (theory) Definition: theory that individual participation in government is not as important or powerful as groups of people fighting for something (ex. labor unions, environmental groups) .... individual citizens have little or no power alone
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