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Section I Unit III Theory Objectives

Section I Unit III Theory Objectives - Term Definition...

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Term: Discuss normal physical findings of the skin, hair and nails in middle-age adults as compared to an older adult. Definition: 1) Subcutaneous & dermal tissue becomes thinner: skin is more easily injured, decreased insulation, wrinkles, pressure & pain is reduced. 2)Activity of the sebaceous & sweat gland decreases: skin is dryer and pruritus occurs. 3) Cell renewal is shorter: healing time is delayed 4) Cells that make pigment that colors hair & skin (melanocytes) decline: hair becomes gray-white, skin may be unevenly pigmented 5) Collagen fiber is less organized: skin loses Increased skin irritation - r/t increased permeability and decreased clearance of substances from dermis 6) Temperature regulation compromised - r/t loss of subcutaneous fat and decreased sweat production = increased risk of heat stroke and hypothermia 7) Nails - gradual thickening of the nail plate, appearance of longitudinal ridges yellowish gray discoloration can occur
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Term: Describe health-Promotion activities appropriate for clients to prevent the development of impaired skin integrity. Definition: 1) Limit sun exposure - chronic sun exposure is the single most important factor leading to degeneration of skin components 2) Educate anyone with moles or birthmarks to perform periodic skin self-examination and assess for ABCDE's 3) Skin survey at 3 year intervals for patients 20 to 40 years of age & annually for patients older than 40 years. Term: Compare and contrast common skin problems and related interventions.
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