Phlebotomy Abbreviations

Phlebotomy Abbreviations - Term Definition NHA National...

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Term: NHA Definition: National healthcareer association Term: 2-h PPBS Definition: 2 hour postprandial blood sugar Term: AIDS Definition: Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome Term: ALP Definition: Alkaline phosphatase: protein found in all body tissues. Tissues with particularly high amounts of ALP include the liver, bile ducts, and bone. This test is done to diagnose liver or bone disease, or to see if treatments for those diseases are working. It may be included as part of a routine liver function test.
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Term: ALT Definition: Alanine aminotransferase: test is often part of an initial screening for liver disease. ALT is found inside liver cells. But if the liver is inflamed or injured, ALT is released into the bloodstream. Blood levels tell how well the liver is functioning and whether a disease, drug, or other problem is affecting it. Ordered for symptoms of liver disease, including jaundice dark urine, nausea, vomiting, or abdominal pain. Term: ANA Definition: Antinuclear antibodies: test measures the amount and pattern of antibodies in your blood that work against your own body (autoimmune reaction).
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Term: APTT Definition: Activated partial thromboplastin time: test is used after you take blood-thinners to see if the right dose of medicine is being used. If the test is done for this purpose, an APTT may be done every few hours. When the correct dose of medicine is found, you will not need so many tests. Partial thromboplastin time (PTT) is a blood test that measures the time it takes your blood to clot. A longer-than-normal PTT or APTT can be caused by liver disease, kidney disease (such as nephrotic syndrome), or treatment with blood thinners, such as heparin or warfarin (Coumadin). Term: AST Definition: Aspartate aminotransferase: measures the amount of this enzyme in the blood. AST is normally found in red blood cells, liver, heart, muscle tissue, pancreas, and kidneys. AST formerly was called serum glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase (SGOT). Low levels of AST are normally found in the blood. When body tissue or an organ such as the heart or liver is diseased or damaged, additional AST is released into the bloodstream. The amount of AST in the blood is directly related to the extent of the tissue damage. After severe damage, AST levels rise in 6 to 10 hours and remain high for about 4 days.
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Term: BMP Definition: Basic metabolic panel: group of blood tests that provides information about your body's metabolism. This test can be used to evaluate kidney function, blood acid/base balance, and your levels of blood sugar, and electrolytes. Depending on which lab you use, a basic metabolic panel may also check your levels of calcium and a protein called albumin. Term: BUN Definition: Blood urea nitrogen: A common blood test reveals important information about how well your kidneys and liver are working. Measures the amount of urea nitrogen that's in your blood.
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