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Med Terms ch 2

Med Terms ch 2 - Term Definition aden/o gland Term...

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Term: aden/o Definition: gland Term: adip/o Definition: fat Term: anter/o Definition: before, front Term: caud/o Definition: lower part of body, tail Term: cephal/o Definition: head
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Term: cyt/o Definition: cell Term: -cyte Definition: cell Term: end- Definition: in, within, inside Term: endo- Definition: in, within, inside Term: exo- Definition: out of, outside, away from
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Term: hist/o Definition: tissue Term: histi/o Definition: tissue Term: -ologist Definition: specialist Term: -ology Definition: the science or study of Term: path/o Definition: disease, suffering, feeling, emotion
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Term: -pathy Definition: disease, suffering, feeling, emotion Term: plas/i Definition: development, growth, formation Term: plas/o Definition: development, growth, formation Term: -plasia Definition: development, growth, formation Term: poster/o Definition: behind, toward the back
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Term: -stasis Definition: control, maintenance of a constant level Term: -static Definition: control, maintenance of a constant level Term: Atomic reference systems Definition: Used to describe the locations of the structural units of the body. They include not only left and right, but body planes, directions, cavities and structural units. Term: Anatomy Definition: The study of the structures of the body. Term: Physiology Definition: The study of the functions of the structures of the body. Word parts - physi/: nature or physical; -ology: study of
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Term: Anatomic position Definition: Describes the body standing in the standard position. This includes standing up straight and facing forward and holding the arms at the sides with the hands turned so the palms face toward the body. Term: Body planes Definition: Imaginary vertical and horizontal lines used to divide the body into sections for descriptive purposes. Term: Vertical plane Definition: An up-and-down plane that is a right angle to the horizon. Term: Sagittal plane Definition: A vertical plane that divides the body into unequal left and right portions.
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Term: Midsagittal plane Definition: Also known as the 'midline'. The sagittal plane that divides the body into equal left and right halves. Term: Frontal plane Definition: A vertical plane that divides the body into anterior (front) and posterior (back) portions. Also known as the 'coronal plane'. It is located at right angles to the sagittal plane. Term: Horizontal plane Definition: A flat crosswise plane, such as the horizon. Term: Transverse plane Definition: A horizontal plane that divides the body into superior (upper) and inferior (lower) portions. A transverse plane can be at the waist or at any other level across the body.
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Term: Ventral Definition: Refers to the front, or belly side, or the organ or body. Ventral is the opposite of dorsal. Word parts - ventr/: means belly side of the body; -al: pertaining to Term: Dorsal Definition: Refers to the back of the organ or body. Dorsal is the opposite of ventral.
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