Running head: PROFESSIONAL NURSING PRACTICE 1 Professional Nursing Practice C304 Professional Roles and Values Task 1 WGU
PROFESSIONAL NURSING PRACTICE 2 Professional Nursing Practice A . There is one nursing theory that all nurses who practice today use so frequently that they would probably think that it has always been a part of nursing practice. Dr. Madeleine Leininger’s theory of Transcultural Nursing was developed in the 1950s but only published in 1990 [Mad16]. Nurses use this theory every day. It is unthinkable in healthcare today to implement a plan of care without consideration for the patient’s culture. Transcultural nursing is a basic consideration in planning care for any patient in my facility. Cultural considerations are made for all aspects of the patients care; nutritional, spiritual, visitation and end of life to name a few. B . Florence Nightingale is considered the first nursing theorist. Elements of her Environment Theory remain unchanged until now. It established the nurse’s role to be that of modifying the patient’s environment to create optimal conditions for the patient’s body to heal itself. The environment included; fresh air, pure water, sufficient food and cleanliness [Env16] Linda Richards was the United States first trained nurse. She was instrumental in starting many nursing schools here in the U.S. and one in Japan. She was not content to just train nurses, she wanted educated nurses. She spent the majority of her life improving nursing schools. So also introduced the physician order and nurse’s note[Lin16]. B1. Florence Nightingale’s theory focused on patient care. It was not focused on the nursing process. It taught us how to take care of patients. While Florence Nightingale did believe that nurses should be educated, this was not the focus of this theory. Linda Richards contribution, by
PROFESSIONAL NURSING PRACTICE 3 comparison, was to education nurses. She established nursing schools and continually improved the education they offered [Lin16]. B2 . Both Florence Nightingale and Linda Richard still effect nursing today. Basic care I provide can be traced back to Nightingale; clean environment, clean patient, proper diet. My education that taught me how to be a nurse is significantly influenced by Linda Richard. I personally found it interesting that Richards was the innovator that created the nurse’s notes and physician’s order. That is an innovation that is comparable to the wheel. C, C1. The State Board of Nursing is established by the state legislature and is a government entity. The board is responsible primarily for the protection of the public. It responsible for issuing the standards of safe nursing care, oversees nursing education institutions and licensing of nurses, and is responsible for the discipline of nurses who fail to practice up to the standards of the Nurse Practice Act [Mis13]. Where the State Board of Nursing is responsible for protecting the public’s health, the American Nurses Association (ANA) represents nursing. It is a nation-wide association of nurses and is not a government entity.
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- Fall '15
- Nursing, professional nursing practice, National Council of State Boards of Nursing