Near Eastern Studies 10 Midterm 1 Aiman - Term: Definition:...

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Term:CairoDefinition:Capital of Egypt, largest capital inAfricaVery overpopulated (huugeeee city)League of Arab States headquarters inCairoWhen a Shii group broke away fromthe Sunni caliphate of Egypt to showits independence, it named andestablished Cairo (city of war).People actually moving out of Cairodowntown.Term:"Mother of the World"Definition:thought to be first thus oldestcivilization.Later civilizations looked to EgyptLong history as distinct society givespeople separate Egyptian identityLot of pride in their past and thisnables them to be patient andwithstand misfortunes that wouldcrush most peoplesSupposedly had the first developedlanguageTerm:Naguib MahfouzDefinition:Egyptian writer and first Arabic writerto receive the Nobel Peace Prize.Gunned down outside his home by anal-Gamaa al-Islamiya fighter.
Term:NileDefinition:River, deposits silt every year fertilesoil. Flows north. Dumps intoMediterraneanTerm:Upper EgyptDefinition:the nile starts in the south and runs upnorth (its backwards) so they callsouthern egypt--upper Egypt.Term:Lower EgyptDefinition:Northern Egypt (including Cairo)Term:Nile DeltaDefinition:The most fertile area of land in Egyptlocated end of the Nile River where itempties into the Mediterranean Sea.Recently the Nile Delta is recedingaway since all the silt the Nile carriesisn't making it to the Mediterranean.The series of dams and canals arecarrying the silt and not letting itdeposit into the Mediterranean.
Term:SinaiDefinition:Originally belonged to Egypt, andthen Israel took it, but Israel gave itback as a peaceful giving. (capturedand returned to Egypt for Land forPeace)Where Moses received the tencommandments.1967: Six Day War w/ Israel ends inIsraeli Occupation of the Gaza Stripand the Sinai Peninsula1989: Return of Taba in the SinaiPeninsula to Egyptian controlTerm:HerodotusDefinition:"Father of History"..visited Egypt andwrote about it and aboutpharoahs--fictional.Term:Suez CanalDefinition:"The Highway to India" is an artificialsea-level waterway in Egypt,connecting Mediterranean Sea andRed Sea.Khedive Ismael's idea, built by Britishcompany and opened in November1869Expensive and bankrupted country, soEgypt's shares in the Suez Canal weresold to Britain.
Term:British 1882Definition:A revolt of army officers threatened tooverthrow the khedive(viceroys).The British intervened and establisheda de facto protectorate, keeping thekhedive in office in order to avoidconflict with the Ottomans.The British protectorate lasted from1882-1922. But after 1922, British stillretained control over much of Egypt(except for local/internal affairs).In 1956, Nasser nationalized the SuezCanal and basically removed the lastremnants of British ruleTerm:AlexandriaDefinition:Founded by Alexander the Great,center of Greek and Roman learningand cultureLater became a center of ChristianityEgypt's largest seaport, servingapproximately 80% of Egypt's importsand exports.

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