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dysarthria sec4 - Dysarthria Neuromuscular speech disorder...

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Dysarthria Neuromuscular speech disorder
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Questions What is dysarthria? What are the major causes of cerebral palsy? What is the difference between dysarthria and cerebral palsy in adults? What causes dysarthria in adults? What is an augmentative communication system?
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Definitions Dysarthria Speech disorders due to damage to the central and/or peripheral nervous system pathways Cerebral Palsy is a type of dysarthria that is common in children.
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Cerebral Palsy A syndrome of deficits in resulting from injury to the nervous system at or shortly after birth. The child’s muscles are weak, paralyzed, and/or uncoordinated.
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What causes CP? Prenatal Anoxia “blue baby” , Disease, Metabolic problems Perinatal Anoxia from umbilical cord problems Premature separation of the placenta Brain Trauma Decreasing because: 1. 15% of all births are c-section 2. suction instead of big metal forceps Postnatal Brain trauma Babies born 23-25 wks are surviving Higher incidence of cerebral palsy in premature births esp. very early (23-25wks)
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