Lecture-4-Evidence-for-the-Arabic-Renaissance-Arabic-Cinema-and-Music-brief.docx

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ARB2102 – Annahda – The Arab RenaissanceOffice Hours: Friday at 219 ART building, 9:45-10:45______________________________________________________________________Note on first Lebanese people in Canada, 1882 vs. 1854?All resources say 1882 officially, when government was officially accepting immigrants Antonious Bachaalani who arrived in North America in 1854 1860-62 – civil war in Syria and Lebanon1861-1965 – civil war in USA1867 – founding of Canada (the British North America act – BNA)1867-1875 – few Syro-Lebanese arrived in Canada 1882 – Canada opened door for immigrants from Syria and Lebanon, and withina few years the numbers grew to a few hundred Purpose: those with Arab heritages should know about their history in Canada, because many with racist attitudes will say Lebanese are only here for passports About the library:Search+ system: everything with more resources (too much)oCan refine search to type, date, author etc. Classic catalogue: search for main catalogue of libraryAcademic search complete ______________________________________________________________________ Class Notes January 31, 2017Meaning of AnnahdaAl-Nahda or an-nahdah (“awakening” or “renaissance”)A cultural rebirth of the Arabs that began in the 19thcentury in Egypt, Lebanon and Syria, and later in other Arabic-speaking regions It is a period of intellectual modernization and reformThis period has a definite start, but no definite end 1967Catastrophe for Arab culture in terms of warfare Doesn’t mean that in 2017 has lost its cultural output
Three Representatives of AnnahdaRifa’a el-Tahtawi(1801–1873)From Egypt A pioneering figure of the Arab renaissance He is a Muslim clergy who went to Paris in 1826He wrote a book describing Paris in the most positive way oSaid “if we want to see Golden Age of Islam, it is in Paris. Not Muslim, but this is how we wish to be”oWent to a restaurant owned by women, told men what to do, was unheard of in Arab countriesoSaw the universities, schoolsoDescribed them in detail, and gave them to the government of Egypt, which triggered the idea of modernization Butrus al-Bustani(1819-1883)From Mount Lebanon, a Maronite Christian who knew 9 languages and considered the Father of the Arab Renaissance He wrote many books about literature, a dictionary, history, published magazines, and started a secular school with no religious affiliations Ibrahim al-Yaziji(1847-1906) (“Wake Up Arabs”)From Mount LebanonInvented the Arabic letters for the typewriter, and this had a great impact on schools, media, government documentation oArabic letters difficult to type because all letters connected Wrote “Wake Up Arabs”, a poem oArabic: “istayqizou ayouha al-Arab”Wrote volumes of poetry and literatureWhen he spoke in public, he was very eloquent in standard Arabic oBefore, governments corrupted Arabic languages because they wrote it how they spoke, not in standard version

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