Lecture-3-Arabic-Nationalism.docx - ARB2102 Arab Culture II...

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ARB2102 Arab Culture IIJANUARY 25, 2016Prof Kamal DibClass Notes – IMPORTANT: please note that these notes do not replace class lectures. You definitely need to take your own notes during in the class, as they are be key in preparing for exams and in-class quizzes. Lecture #3:Recap of first two lecturesTraditional zealots who want to reestablish the age of Islam vs. the modernist Arabs who want to bring forth European customs to shape their identity oExtremists who reject art oModernists who accept and embrace film, music, theatre, and other forms of art and political parties, women’s movements Focus of this course is on the modernists oGood things the Arabs gave the world in the past 200 years oHowever, the modernists began to decline around 1967 “Middle East” – derogatory corrupt geopolitical word E-mail etiquette:Indicate full-name If long question, leave number for phone call :P Lecture on Annahda(Arab Renaissance):Eight manifestations of the Arab Renaissance:1.Arab Literature2.Arab Media: newspapers, publishing, radio, television3.Arab Cinema oArab cinema did not come long after EuropeOrigin is EgyptA banker there hired workers to train on cinema equipment in Germany
Don’t make many movies because culture is not very strong (same with books)Arab cinema = Egyptian cinema Then Algeria and Syria followed by Lebanon and Morocco and Tunisia Extreme countries like Saudi ban cinema4.Arab Language5.Arab Women empowerment (writers, politicians, artists)6.Arab Painting and Sculpture7.Arab Musico120 different kinds of Arabic music with noticeable differences oThere is pop music, and other higher quality class music 8.Arab Political Currentso400 years of ignorance and poverty, tribalism and savagery (killing, revenge)o2 streams, see below oOnly 1 lecture on this, definitely midterm questions one this!Misconception that painting not allowed under Islam Before Islam and the Arabs, the Arab world had people that go back thousands of years = the Phoenicians of Lebanon and Syria Arnold Toynbee: A Study of History Most important English historian who wrote this 12 volume book He says that if you tried to find human civilizations, you will not find any from more than 8,000 years, only skills from beyond that oNo jars or complex remnants oOldest civilization was that of Iraq = “cradle of civilization”No one could tell age of Sphinx, possibly 3x older than the Pyramids (8000 years)North Africa oCountry of Libya gave its name to the whole coast oLanguage similar to that of ancient Egypt oBerbers” = Amazigh = people of North Africa Seems that there is no Arab race, pure Arab are of Arabia (Yemen, Saudi, etc.)People of Lebanon, Syria, Egypt, North Africa are not pure Arabs Not everyone from Arab world is Muslim o11 million Christian Egyptians oLebanon, Syria were 100% Christians before
Arabs in Canada are 7 generations (1 generation = 25 years, period for man and woman to have child) oMostly from Syria and LebanonoFirst from Lebanon was in 1856, mostly went to Quebec because of

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