history 10 midterm 1.pdf - History 010 Midterm 1 Review...

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History 010 Midterm 1 ReviewEarly Civilization Mesopotamia land between two rivers Sumerians creators of the first civilizations in mesopotamia Sargon leader of the arcadian empire first empire due to subjugating other peoples Hammurabi leader of Babylonia Nile River great river in Egypt that led to the civilizations great power the way they were able to trade, communicate, and survive Menes first king of Egypt managed to conquer both upper and lower egypt Khufu 1
another pharaoh of Egypt who was the first to build pyramids Nubia Harkhuf an Egyptian explorer Hyksos Western Asian people that were famous for their chariots Migrated into Egypt Some of them eventually became pharaohs Hatshepsut first female pharaoh Tuthmosis III cousin of Hatshepsut He didn't like his cousin Amenhotep IV he was one of the first monotheistic religions He tried to unify Egypt under one god It didn't work Kush 2
name of kingdom in Nubia that were able to conquer Egypt for a short time Indo-Europeans The Mycenaeans were park of a group that broke off from the Indo-european tribe The Indo-european tribe broke off into separate groups and began to diverge into separate groups with their own languages The first Greeks were Mycenaeans and they were a small tribe that had broken off from the Indo-europeans Hittites the battle of Kadesh was the first known of and recorded battle between the egyptians and the hittites Chariots played a big role in this battle Assyrian Empire another empire in Mesopotamia labeled as quite cruel New Babylonian Empire tried to emulate hamurabis empire also called chaldeans Phoenicians 3
The phoenicians developed a revolutionary form of writing before their innovation the only known languages used pictographs their system was much more effective and easier to learn The Greeks adopter the phoenician alphabet for themselves after they sent out colonies to learn from other peoples Settled in modern day lebanon Greek Questions Minoans The bull civilization first civilization in Greece Myceneans inso-europeans were involved in Troy Homer Writer of the Illiad and Odyssey Wrote about the battle of Troy Dark Age Someone from the North came and attacked the city plunged Greece into a long dark age 4
Mycenaean art and architecture stop people forget how to read and write hoplite carried iron weapons and had iron armor Were men that could afford to buy the armor, not rich, but not super poor allowed for a lot more men to serve in the army in the Greek world there was always a direct link between military service and power polis independent states governed by an assembly of citizens this was the first form of democracy because if you were a member of the polis you had the right to: to attend the assembly propose new laws join the debate

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