Assignment 1.docx - s#1 a Francisco Pizarro In 1531 subdues...

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s #1 a. Francisco Pizarro - In 1531 subdues the Incas of Peru. Led soldiers down Pacific coast from Panama toward Peru. Spanish invaders sized the Inca places and country estates, took royal, looted empire of its gold in silver. From Peru, Spain extended its control southward through Chile by 1553 and north, to present-day Colombia by 1538. b. Christopher Columbus – In 1492 sailing for Spain, makes first Voyage of discovery. 1480 spread Christianity across the globe. Italian sailor who persuaded King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella of Spain o fund his expedition across the Atlantic to discover a new trade route to Asia Learned trade in the school of Portuguese seamanship; Born in Genoa Italy in 1451. Learning geography navigation, and Latin.  olumbus' voyages began the Settlement and  colonization of the New World. In short it started a land rush. Columbus seized several Native Americans and some made it to Spain. To promote his discovery he showcased them as an example of an existing labor pool. Meanwhile the church was debating if the Native Americans had souls. They weren't mentioned in the bible so there was serious question if they were really human. As for the enslavement,Columbus had done nothing illegal. Slavery was legal in Europe and in much of the New World. c. Hermnan Cortes – In 1519 begins the Spanish Conquest of the Aztec. European conquest of major Indian civilization on North American mainland occurred in Mexico. d. John Cabot (Giovanni Caboto ) - In 1497 explores Newfoundland Was the first European to set foot on the North American mainland ; was an Italian from Gaeta. e. Hernando de Soto - In 1519 begins the Spanish conquest of the Aztec. A conquistador who explored the west coast of Florida, western North Carolina, and along the Arkansas River from 1539 until his death in 1542. f. Jacques Cartier – In 1541 sailing for France, explores the St. Lawrence River Led to the first French effort at colonization in North America; during three voyages, Cartier explored the Gulf of St. Lawrence and ventured up the St. Lawrence River between what would become Canada and New York. g. Francisco Coronado – In 1540 inspired by rumors of gold, traveled northward into New Mexico and Northeast across Texas and Oklahoma as far as Kansas.   He was a Spaniard explorer who searched for the Seven Cites of Gold and never found it. He found The Pueblo Indians and opened up a large swathe of South-Western #2 a. Treaty of Tordesillas - 1494 Spanish monarchs sought to solidify legal claim against Portugal’s possible pretensions to newly discovered lands. With the help of the pope (Spaniard), rivals Spain and Portugal reached a compromised which drew an imaginary line west of the Cape Verde Islands (off west coast of Africa) and stipulated that the area to its west included most of Americas would be a Spanish sphere of exploration and settlement.
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