(Add 1,000 or more words beyond question word count of 1,964)Chapter 11: Sex, Gender, and SexualityGateway Question 11.1: What are the basic dimensions of sex?Learning Objective PGAT_COON_2016_11.1.1 – Distinguish between the terms sex and gender; describe what it means to be transsexual; and discuss the complexity of sexual identity and how it is influenced by biology, socialization, and learning.Sex: One’s physical, biological classification as female or male. Gender: Psychological and social characteristics associated with being male or female; defined especially by one’s gender identity and learned gender roles. Transsexuals: A person with a deep conflict between his or her physical, biological sex and preferred psychological and social gender roles. Genetic Sex: Sex as indicated by the presence of XX (female) or XY (male) chromosomes. Hormonal Sex: Sex as indicated by a preponderance of estrogens (female) or androgens (male) in the body. Gonadal Sex: Sex as indicated by the presence of ovaries (female) or testes (male). Genital Sex: Sex as indicated by the presence of male or female genitals. X Chromosomes: The female chromosome contributed by the mother; produces a female when paired with another X chromosome and a male when paired with a Y chromosome. Y Chromosomes: The male chromosome contributed by the father; produces a male when paired with an X chromosome. Fathers may give either an X or a Y chromosome to their offspring. Gonads: The primary sex glands—the testes in males and ovaries in females. Estrogens: Any of a number of female sex hormones. Androgens: Any of a number of male sex hormones, especially testosterone. Testosterone: A male sex hormone, secreted mainly by the testes and responsible for the development of many male sexual characteristics. Intersexual Person: A person who has genitals suggestive of both sexes. Primary Sexual Characteristics: Sex as defined by the genitals and internal reproductive organs. Secondary Sexual Characteristics: Sexual features other than the genitals and reproductive organs—breasts, body shape, facial hair, and so forth. Learning Objective PGAT_COON_2016_11.1.2 – Explain the four dimensions of biological sex: genetic sex, gonadal sex, hormonal sex, and genital sex. Learning Objective PGAT_COON_2016_11.1.3 – Discuss how sexual development begins with one’sgenetic sex by describing the XX and XY chromosomes and the variations known as Kleinfelter’s syndrome and Turner’s syndrome; and explain how one’s sexual development is then influenced by prenatal hormones secreted from both the gonads and the adrenal glands. Learning Objective PGAT_COON_2016_11.1.4 – Explain how a person may be born with an intersexual condition due to androgen insensitivity syndrome, exposure to progestin, or congenital adrenal hyperplasia.