Gov 1280 Post-Midterm Lecture Notes.docx - Post-Midterm Gov 1280 Notes First Phase of Economics Reforms(1978-1989 Leadership in the 1980s o There was a

Gov 1280 Post-Midterm Lecture Notes.docx - Post-Midterm Gov...

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Post-Midterm Gov. 1280 Notes First Phase of Economics Reforms (1978-1989) Leadership in the 1980s o There was a power vacuum after Mao’s death. o Deng was not the same larger-than-life kind of figure as Mao was. o Senior leaders wanted to avoid the rise of another Mao, so when Deng returned to the capital, other leaders felt there should be checks on the supreme leader The check was collective leadership o As a result, throughout the 1980s, Deng was never formally the top leader in China. The highest official position he held was Vice Prime Minister. He was also the leader of the military affairs commission. o This is purposely designed to check the power of Deng o Another check on Deng was Chen Yun A reformer during the GLF who advocated light industry o Deng and Chen agree on some and disagree on other issues Deng was a more bold economic reformer, Chen was more cautious and gradual o Since Deng did not hold a high official position, they decided to find younger people to hold these positions and implement Deng’s policies Hu Yaobang Zhao Ziyang o Hu is also a Long Marcher who joined the Revolution at a very young age Sent-down in the Cultural Revolution Deng’s protégé After Hua Guofeng was officially ousted, Hu replaced Hua as the highest ranked leader in China o Zhao was a local official in the 50s and 60s, then sent-down After he was rehabilitated, he became the party boss of Sichuan province Zhao was a strong supporter of Deng’s reform He had experimented with certain market economy techniques in Sichuan (let people open his own shops) o The above four people are the core of leadership in the 1980s Problem with the leadership o There is a lot of disagreement o Consequences of this were the Fang/Shou Cycles (loosening, tightening) 1. INFLATION: Deng was supportive of pro-investment policy (which results in higher inflation) but Chen cares more about livelihood (which requires less inflation) 2. IDEOLOGY: Mao had died. Globalization also diluted traditional/communist culture. Many young people at this time were learning about Western ideas. Deng knew that if they opened the “window” to foreign investors, “flies” (bad ideas) would also come in.
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Chen Yun was more careful about this (believed China should strengthen ideological education), Deng was more encouraging of globalization and open-mindedness STATE-MARKET RELATIONSHIP: Deng wanted to push for more marketization (remove most barriers) but Cheng wanted this change to happen gradually With these disagreements, Hu and Zhao (who were the implementers) didn’t know what to do at times. The result was the Fang-Shou cycles Elements of China’s Reforms before 1989 o First obstacle to reform is not the people o You have to make sure that the bureaucrats and politicians buy into the reform o Deng’s genius was his understanding of this reality o Dual-Track System When you are starting reform, you are loosening the government’s control over the economy
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  • Fall '11
  • NaraDillon
  • Government, People's Republic of China, Deng Xiaoping, Communist Party of China, Chinese government

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