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Notes 1.29.08 - Family Diversity(Continued Theories are an...

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1/29/2008 Family Diversity (Continued) Theories are an important part of understanding  marriage and family life.  They provide us with a  way to think about families—a framework. Let’s start by talking about exactly what a theory  is.
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Middle Eastern Families 30 different countries Marriage Lower divorce rate than the national  average. Contractual arrangement, some arranged  marriages, depends on how assimilated the  family is to American culture. Children & Parents 85% of children live in two parent  households – higher than white non  Hispanic and other racial-ethnic groups.
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Strong bonds between parents and  children. Extended kin networks are important. Gender roles Double standard between girl and boy  children, in terms of dating and sexuality,  and in terms of household chores. A lot of variability and depends on how  assimilated the family is with American  culture.
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Diversity & Religion 80% of American adults surveyed in 2001  indicated a religious identification. “born again” Christians – less likely to cohabit  but their divorce rates do not differ from other  people with different religious affiliations Slightly less than half of Jews do not have  Jewish spouses  More than about 2/3 rd  of the children of these  marriages that are split are not being raised  with the Jewish faith
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Diversity & Economics The distribution of income in the United States is  highly unequal.  In 2002, the top 20% of U.S. families received  49.7% of the nation’s total income, while the  poorest  20% received just 3.5%.  Over the past thirty years, the rich have gotten  richer, and the poor have gotten poorer. Counterintuitive to the idea of the American  dream. Income and economics affects families and  family relationships – bigger divide even  among the middle class over the last thirty  years or so.
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Census Question What are the poverty thresholds? See charts varies on the age of the family. varies on how many people in the family. varies on age of the children. two adults - household under 65 years –  13,500 to be at the poverty threshold. two adults, two children – to be at the poverty  threshold the total income should be 20,444. five people – two adults, two children, great- aunt = 24,662.
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Family Theories Theories are an important part of understanding  marriage and family life.  They provide us with a  way to think about families—a framework.
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