Notes 2.07.08 - Bem’s Sex Role Inventory • 1974 –...

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2/7/2008 Bem’s Sex Role Inventory 1974 – Sandra Bem created BSRI. 60 adjectives. 7-point Likert scale – how true each adjective is. 20 adjectives – masculinity subscale. Analytical, ambitious. 20 adjectives – femininity subscale. Warm, sensitive. 20 adjectives – neutral.
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1 – 7 and 7 being true of you. Score high feminine, low masculine labeled feminine. Score high masculine, low feminine labeled masculine. Score high feminine, high masculine labeled androgynous. Score low feminine, low masculine labeled undifferentiated.
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Femininity & masculinity are not polar opposites. Androgyny – High Masculinity and Femininity. High self-esteem. Situational flexibility – being assertive or other-centered depending on the situation. Effectiveness as a parent. Couples in which both partners were androgynous reported higher levels of marital satisfaction than couples where
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Racial Differences in Bem’s Sex Role Inventory Male & female African-Americans & Puerto Ricans – more androgynous than non-Hispanic white. Masculinity – African American women scored highest on masculinity followed by Hispanic women and then non-Hispanic white women. Feminine - The highest % of males classified as feminine and the lowest % of men classified as masculine were in the Puerto Rican group. Cultural values of familism, concern for
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Debate over Bem’s Inventory Gender polarization – androgyny still presupposes some desirable qualities are “masculine” and some are “feminine”. Gender psychologists recommend that we abandon the terms “femininity” and “masculinity” because they perpetuate gender differences and stereotypes. Instrumentality – self-assertion & competence. Expressiveness –nurturance, emotional,
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Socialization 1. Social Learning Theory Children learn to behave in masculine or feminine ways through being reinforced by others and by observing and imitating what they see in others. Children learn gender roles through
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This note was uploaded on 03/20/2008 for the course HDF 304 taught by Professor Gray during the Spring '08 term at University of Texas.

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Notes 2.07.08 - Bem’s Sex Role Inventory • 1974 –...

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