Religion Exam 2.docx - Religion Exam 2*Cover Confuciamism...

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Religion Exam 2 *Cover Confuciamism, Daoism, Yoruba, small amount of Shinto *Religion in China -Common assumption- there isn’t any religion in China -This is Bc they’ve been a communist society since 1949, P.R.C. (people’s republic of china) - Communism is mostly associated with atheism -Religion is permitted, but very heavily regulated -Decided if China finds your religion a threat/ challenging -They also decide where religion is allowed (daoist football) -If you practice religion that is not allowed , you end up in prison or thought reform camps. *Key Features of Traditional Chinese Religious Thought -Syncretism- drawing from a lot of different resources -Buddha help figure out what will happen after death -Kennyfutzu-help with social +job success -Laotzu – help solve stress +let you live a long, healthy life -They draw from the teachings of all these different people, rather than specifically declaring “Buddhism”, Daoism, etc. *Use Boddhisatva- not just for Buddhism *Gods+Spirits -“they only matter if they matter” -Ex: Shang Ti- Ruler of the universe- this is a particular spirit that fills this spot temporarily (like president Trump is temporary) -Shang Ti is as at the top of Chinese cosmology, but he is the least important. -Shang Ti’s job is to make sure that cosmic things happen, but he doesn’t have a huge impact on ordinary religious life. -Ex: Mazu-Ocean goddess- before 1850, she only had temples on the coast-1849, Chinese went across water to Gold Rush -The gods+ spirits know they don’t matter unless the matter -It doesn’t bother them -Exists in a 2 w-way relationship with human beings. Ex: “Earth God”- every village in china has an earth god that makes sure people stay safe + successful. -If the earth god doesn’t keep people safe, they get “fired” and replaced with another spirit to occupy that position. * Humans have obligations to the spirits -the spirits don’t care if you don’t believe in them. -they don care of you obey them because they don’t issue any commands.
-They just care that humans respect them. This is shown by at least building +tending to a shrine. -Include the earth spirit in any major events in the village. *Ancestors- the ancestors can become the earth goods -keep them in a permanent home in a “grave” or shrine. -their job is to protect their family that’s still living. -some ancestors become forgotten, because they weren’t liked in the earth life; these become “hungry spirits”. -the ancestors should always be incorporated in the events of the family. -the community will come together +decide on an ancestor to ask to replace the earth god. *Priests: middle man b/w spirits/ ancestors +humans *Divination- a practice that lets you see/ know things that can’t be seen/ known ex: Feng Shui- “wind +water” -Traditional geng shui is used for 3 main purposes: 1) to find the proper place to bury your parents.

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