Law and Society Section A Lecture 1.docx

Law and Society Section A Lecture 1.docx - Law and Society...

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Law and Society Section A I NTRODUCTION 1. Anthropology of Law 2. Liberal Constitutional State 3. Reflections of Political Power T OPIC 1: A NTHROPOLOGY OF L AW 1.1 S OCIETY AND ITS 6 D IMENSIONS o Conceptual and Analytical Tools in our minds for the purpose of thinking about society and social phenomenon (concepts, terms, vocabulary) o The concept of society Engage in high degree of cooperation in daily life (social cooperation) Society has a kind of order in it (social order) Shared language, culture, religion o Factors that united people into one society, and factors which separate people into different societies (conflicts arise, violence / terrorism / civil wars) o Examples of a society Communist Society Religious Society Hong Kong Society – Ethnically Chinese / Cantonese the major dialect o Society may correspond to national states, but needs not be nation states. o Six Dimensions: Technological (Stone Age, Bronze Age, Iron Age – Improvement in technology) o Nowadays people are in post-industrial or information age → Affects all other aspects Economic (Market, planned) o Which social institution organizes the production of goods and services we need o How they are distributed Social o Social Structure – Class Structure – Karl Marx o Societies are divided into classes o Different people have different degrees of: Wealth Power Status Knowledge Social advantages or benefits enjoyed by them (benefits
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Law and Society Section A people derive from living in the society) o Social Hierarchy – Stratification (strata – different layers) + hierarchical o Social Stratification – Contrasted by egalitarian society – Primitive, stateless societies Cultural o Ideas (shared among members of societies) o Belief System o Values / Attitudes o Morality – Moral Beliefs of people What is right and wrong What is good and evil o Religion Extreme Muslims → Terrorists o Arts Performing arts – Dance / Drama Literature, Music, Paintings, Architecture o Socialization – Transmission of culture from generation to generation Culture is a process of socialization: Ethnical Chinese growing up in US culture → Becomes a member of US culture because of socialization Nothing to do with genetic factors or inheritance Political o Power Ability to enforce commands Capacity to achieve what one desires by influencing / changing views / behavior of others (the definition is neutral: it depends on the desire of the power holder – Evil intentions? – Hitler) Unequal relationship between A&B, where A is in a position to control and manipulate B Politicians (Putin / Hitler) / Parents / Teachers / Judges / Employers – Large employers have power over Hong Kong Types of Powers: o Political Power Coercion & authority (legitimate power) – Policeman & armed robber o Economic Power Landowners & Capitalists – Usually backed by political power – Property Hegemony
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Law and Society Section A o
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