LESSON PLAN 3 NOTES.docx - The History of Hindu India Part...

This preview shows page 1 - 2 out of 6 pages.

The History of Hindu India, Part One: From Ancient Times (Raj Narayan) o Oldest religion, 3 rd largest, 1 billion Hindus mostly in India, 2 million Hindus in US Origins of Hinduism o 6000 years Sarawati Indus region (sri lanka to Himalayan mountains, Arabian sea to Bay of Bengal) o World’s largest and most advanced region named after the saraswati and Indus river, called Vedic culture after oldest hindu text. Harappan civilization. Urban culture, high organized cities population 80,000 o Trade routes west to Mesopotamia and east to Asia o 5000 years later pottery seals, statues, beads, jewelry, tools, toys, miniature carts, dice. o Flat stone seals, have writing deities, symbols, people plant and animals. o Seal meditating figure lord Shiva, lotus posture, swastika, statues of mother goddess, worship of shilingam, fire alters, sacred baths, sacred animals, o Culture declined when swarstaki river dried up, migrated to river ganga in eastern and central India. o Hindu Scriptures: 4 Vedas (central holy books of Hinduism compose in Sanskrit 6000 years ago. o RIG VEDA talks of swarstaki describing it as a mighty river from Himalayan mountains to the sea. Composed before 2000 BMC when river dried up o Vedic hymns praise gods and describe spiritual people, clans, kind, and emperors. o Vedas calls the country suptisindu “land of seven rivers” Indus, ganga, Brahmaputra, saraswati, Narmada, Krishna, Cauvery o HINDU & INDIA come from Sanskrit word SINDHU which means river o Yetna: fire worship around alter, o Hymns memorized, can chant from memory 10,500 verses 50 hours. o Epics Rayana (story of lord rama 7 th incarnations or avatatar vishnue and his wife sita and Mahabarata histories of india worlds longest epic big war in India amongst cousins fighting from throne o Bhagavad-Gita dialogue between commander arjuna and Lord Krishna the 8 th incarnation of Vishnu on the day the battle. o Mahabharata widespread scripture dominant message of justice o Hindu sacred music dance drama and the arts. Draw on literary epics mentioned above. o Hindu Society o VARNA: class system specific occupations, parent taught skills to children, hereditary o Class system did not include Forrest tribes and small communities considering them untouchable. o Women responsible for running house, men looking after family and craft. Women participated equally. o 1000 to the GUPTA period great scientific and mathematical advancement, counting system, calculated length of the year, knew earth orbited the sun. medicine was advance, complex surgeries not equal in Europe, supplier of steel. o 400 CE iron pillar o ¼ of the human family lives in India. Worlds largest democracy o Hindu Beliefs practices and saints o Open minded religion truth is one paths are many. Worship god in male and female forms. Sanskrit name for Hinduism in Sanskrit Santana-drama aka eternal religion.

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture