SOCI 130

SOCI 130 - SOCI 130: Families & Society Midterm...

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Unformatted text preview: SOCI 130: Families & Society Midterm Study Guide: Reading Notes SECTION ONE: OVERVIEWS, THEORY AND TRENDS Cherlin, American Marriage in the Early 21 st Century Recent Trends in American Marriage Median age at marriage (the age by which of all marriages occur) o 1890: relatively high (m: 26, f: 22) o 1950s: reached historic lows (m: 23, f: 20) During this decade, young adults married earlier than ever before or since Nearly all young adults eventually married o Women in particular are marrying substantially later today Unmarried young adults lead very different lives today than they once did o Early 1900s: Typically lived at home or paid room and board in someone elses home Most abstained from sex until engaged or married Turned over much of paycheck to parents Much less well educated Cohabitation o Far more common in US today than ever before o About of young adults live w/a partner before marrying o About of cohabitating relationships end through marriage or breakup w/in a year Nonmarital births o Birth rates have fallen for unmarried women of all ages and types of marital status o BUT birth rates have fallen faster for married women than unmarried women, so a larger share of women who give birth are unmarried o 2003: 35% of births take place outside of marriage o Increasingly, nonmarital births occur to cohabitating couples rather than single parents Couples in these families rarely marry Same-sex marriage o 2004: legalized in Mass. o Cohabitation common among homosexuals o Hard to determine exactly how many b/c some people may not wish to openly report a same-sex relationship to the Census Bureau o 2000: 600,000 households w/same-sex partners 33% of female partnerships, 22% of male reported presence of kids Divorce rates o Increasing since the Civil War era o 1900: 10% o 1950: 1/3 o 1960s-70s: rose sharply o 1980s-today: remained the same or declined slightly 48% of US marriages expected to end in divorce w/in 20 years, and a few percent more will end after that About of all marriages today end in divorce Children living without 2 parents o More divorce + greater share of births to unmarried women = increased proportion of kids who are not living w/2 parents o Rates in 2002: 69% of kids living w/2 parents (including step and adoptive families) 27% living w/1 parent 4% living w/neither (usually living w/relatives like grandparents) Marriage is less dominant in parents and kids lives today o Kids more likely to experience instability in living arrangements Less likely to lose a parent through death, but rise in nonmarital births and divorce has more than compensated for decline in parental death o Overall drop in birth rates and increase in nonmarital childbearing and diverse mean that fewer adults are raising kids than in the past Class and Racial-Ethnic Divergence Differences in family structure according to social class much more pronounced...
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This note was uploaded on 03/20/2008 for the course SOCI 130 taught by Professor Cohen during the Spring '08 term at UNC.

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SOCI 130 - SOCI 130: Families & Society Midterm...

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