Chapter 3 lecture

Chapter 3 lecture - A Political and Economy Approach to...

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A Political and Economy Approach to Health Chapter 3
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A Political and Economy Approach to Health
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The World Economic System Question: Why is so much of the world so poor and dependent, despite centuries of trade and contact with more advanced nations? Growth in the advanced industrialized countries does not necessarily lead to growth in the poorer countries. Poorer countries never earn enough from their export earnings to pay for their imports. Periphery, semi-periphery, and core countries
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World Systems Theory of Inequality The idea here is that poor countries are poor because rich countries exploit them. For example, the rise of multinational corporations could suggest this oppression. This theory centers on the oppression by the core countries (U.S.) of the peripheral and semi-peripheral or countries like Mexico. Explains that a core country the raw materials out of a peripheral or semi-peripheral country and leaving them with few resources. Critics of this theory claim that it blames the core countries too much.
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Economic Contractions and Expansions Drawing on data from 265 national sample surveys spanning 83 countries, Chen and Ravallion find that there was a net decrease in the total incidence of consumption poverty between 1987 and 1998. But it was not enough to reduce the total number of poor people. Incidence of poverty fell in Asia and the Middle East and North Africa, changed little in Latin America and Sub-Saharan Africa, and rose in Eastern Europe and Central Asia. Causes of disappointing rate of poverty reduction Too little economic growth in the poorest countries Persistent inequalities (in income and other measures) that kept the poor from participating in the growth that did occur. Source: Chen and Ravallion, 2000. Source: The World Bank is an international NGO that conducts extensive research on poverty including micro-credit, safety nets, income distribution, policies for poor areas, pension reform, and the links between poverty and the international economy. Poverty
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This note was uploaded on 03/20/2008 for the course SOC 308 taught by Professor Kurtz during the Fall '07 term at University of Texas.

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Chapter 3 lecture - A Political and Economy Approach to...

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