Chapter 5 lecture - first half

Chapter 5 lecture - first half - Thinking Globally About...

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Thinking Globally About Health Chapter 5
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The World Health Organization’s regions of the world are used to discuss global health trends.
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Social Facts Of the approximately 56 million deaths globally each year, 80% occur in the poorest regions of the world 7 out of the 10 deaths in children under the age of five occur in low income countries, from five preventable conditions: pneumonia, diarrheal diseases, malaria, measles, and malnutrition
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Global Trends During the second half of the 20 th century, the less developed world experienced dramatic improvements in standard of living and life expectancy Average infant mortality rates fell from 28% percent to 10% of live births Greater availability of primary health care and vaccinations have lifted many populations from being chronically vulnerable to life-threatening disease Governments’ and international agencies’ commitment to public health improvements greatly contributed to global health World Health Organization World Bank
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International Leaders G8 Global Health Security Group has long recognized that AIDS, tuberculosis, malaria and vaccine-preventable diseases slow economic development. Such diseases perpetuate poverty, threatening security in large parts of the world. Source: World Health Organization (2006) St. Petersburg G8 Summit.
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Global Trends As more people survive infancy and childhood, adult populations grow, and chronic disease and mental illness increase. There is an increase in the number of people experiencing clinical depression, schizophrenia, dementia, and other forms of chronic mental illness, as well as cardiovascular disease and cancers. Modern technologies and more impersonal social relations increase problems such as substance abuse, traffic accidents, and in some cases, violence.
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Global Burden of Disease The recent threat of an influenza pandemic has focused international attention on the need for all countries to be better prepared, in order to reduce the potential death, illness, social and economic consequences of a pandemic.
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Global Health Trends What would you say are some of the biggest issues in global health right now? According to Julio Frenk, former Mexico’s Minster of Health:
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Chapter 5 lecture - first half - Thinking Globally About...

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