Chapter 5 lecture - second half

Chapter 5 lecture - second half - Canada Canadian citizens...

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Canada Canadian citizens among the healthiest in the world Infant mortality is below 5 per 1,000 live births and life expectancy (1998) was 76 for males and 82 for females Canadian civic life: high levels of volunteerism civic participation social support Superior environmental quality
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United States of America Life expectancy in the U.S. increased from around fifty in 1900 to nearly eighty in 2000 By the turn of the 21 st century, the leading cause of death was still heart disease (32%), followed by cancers (23%) and the stroke (7%) Modern living conditions in the U.S. also brought risks from human behaviors that enhance disease and disability
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Major U.S. Public Health Problems Tobacco use is the single most serious health threat, causing 19% of deaths Next are poor diet and sedentary lifestyle (14%), then alcohol (5%), microbial agents (4%), firearms (3%), sexual behavior (2%), motor vehicle accidents (1%), and illicit drug use (less than 1%) Many behavioral factors that affect health are associated with socioeconomic status Risk behaviors such as higher smoking and obesity are more prevalent among lower-income groups
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Ethnic-based inequalities and Health African-American health patterns Social class, racial, and ethnic group dynamics Health risks to Americans without adequate social support (e.g., single elderly adults and female-headed households)
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U.S. Immigration and Health Health consequences of immigration policies Health and survival advantages of more recently arrived immigrants
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U.S. Public Health Interventions Prevention and education campaigns to reduce health disparities
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Physical Activity Overweight and Obesity Tobacco Use Substance Abuse Responsible Sexual Behavior Mental Health
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This note was uploaded on 03/20/2008 for the course SOC 308 taught by Professor Kurtz during the Fall '07 term at University of Texas.

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Chapter 5 lecture - second half - Canada Canadian citizens...

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